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Unit #4: World War II:

Unit #4: World War II Early Rises and aggressions

Japan on the rise:

Japan on the rise Emperor Hirohito reigned 1926-1989 Japanese colonies 1910: Korea became colony German territory in East Asia (after WWI) Democracy expanded 1925: all men could vote Political parties grew Diet exercised power

Japan on the rise:

Japan on the rise Limited military size 1922: agreement with U.S., Britain, France Domestic issues Low wages in cities Younger people rejected tradition Tensions between military & gov’t rose Earthquake (1923: Tokyo) 100,000 people died & many businesses ruined Fell into economic depression How might the domestic issues of a democratic Japan lead to the rise of fascist government in the future?

Manchurian Incident :

Manchurian Incident 1931: Japan seized Manchuria (China) Japan set-up a puppet government League of Nations condemned these actions Japan pulled out of League Japan nullified military agreement it had signed with Western Democracies

Rape of Nanking :

Rape of Nanking During the occupation of Nanking, the Japanese army committed numerous atrocities rape arson execution of POWs & civilians Chinese claim a death toll of 300,000 The Japanese gov’t has acknowledged the incident did occur Some Japanese nationalists argued the death toll was all military & no such civilian occurred Photos and journalists prove this to be wrong Do you believe that if the United Nations stepped in to stop Japan’s aggressive acts in Manchuria or Nanking events of WWII could have been prevented?

Fascism in Italy :

Fascism in Italy Dissatisfaction after WWI Gained territory from Austria-Hungary Lost territory to Yugoslavia which angered Italy Chaos multiplied Taxes rose Workers went on strike Veterans faced unemployment Trade declined

Fascism in Italy :

Fascism in Italy Benito Mussolini’s rise to power 1919: Organized unhappy Italians into the Fascist Party (unity & authority) Promised to end corruption & bring order; wanted to revive “Roman greatness” Used Black Shirts to create terror & intimidation & ultimately gain power Oct. 30, 1922: King asked Mussolini to become prime minister after March on Rome King feared a civil war Is fear the best tactic when trying to promote change? Justify your answer…

Fascism in Italy :

Fascism in Italy Mussolini becomes “Il Duce” Used corrupt methods to keep power Italy was a dictatorship upheld by terror Economy under state control Favored upper class Production increased, low wages, workers weren’t allowed to strike Loyalty to state was more important than individual goals DRAW a representation that portrays “Economy under state.”

What is Fascism??:

What is Fascism?? Authoritarian gov’t that glorifies the state over individual & destructive to basic human rights Fascists used : Action, violence, discipline, “blind loyalty” to the state Pursued foreign expansion Glorified warfare Anti-democratic Fascism renewed national pride & unity

Hitler’s Aggressive Acts:

Hitler’s Aggressive Acts 1936: Violating the Versailles Treaty, Germany occupies the Rhineland 1938: Germany enters Austria & “ Anschluss " (union) was declared Many Germans lived in Austria, therefore the German army had little resistance Late 1938: Hitler proclaimed Germany's right to annex the Sudetenland Czechoslovak territory with a significant German population Allies had taken away from Germany after World War I 3 weeks later Hitler takes the rest of Czechoslovakia Why was Adolf Hitler unlike any other dictator that major superpowers had encountered?

Policy of Appeasement:

Policy of Appeasement Appeasement is a policy of accepting the imposed conditions of an aggressor & giving into their demands in order to avoid war 1938: British P.M. Chamberlain & Hitler signed the Munich Agreement, giving control of the Sudetenland to Nazi Germany After Hitler invaded the rest of Czechoslovakia in March 1939, Britain warned that any further invasions would be met with resistance

Nazi-Soviet Pact:

Nazi-Soviet Pact Hitler's concern was that a sudden German invasion of Poland might alarm Stalin & trigger a war with Soviet Union Stalin feared a German invasion & wanted an anti-Nazi 'collective security' alliance with the western powers for many years But by July 1939, Britain & France had still not agreed to terms The result was the signing of the Nazi-Soviet Pact on August 23, 1939

September 1, 1939: Poland:

September 1, 1939: Poland 6:00am : Sept. 1, Warsaw was struck by the first of a succession of German bombing raids 8:00am : Poland requested immediate military assistance from France and Britain It was not until 12noon on Sept. 3 that Britain declared war on Germany, followed by France's declaration at 5:00pm **Thus World War II has begun

Axis Powers (8 nations) **All joined before 1941**:

Axis Powers (8 nations) **All joined before 1941**

Allied Powers (7 nations) Britain, France, USSR, Canada, Poland, China, Australia **All joined in 1939… others joined later Green = Allies Orange = Axis Gray = neutral:

Allied Powers (7 nations) Britain, France, USSR, Canada, Poland, China, Australia **All joined in 1939… others joined later Green = Allies Orange = Axis Gray = neutral

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