Slide 1: VS. The SPANISH-AMERICAN War SPAIN U.S.A Slide 2: A war between SPAIN and the UNITED STATES
Did not take place in Spain OR the U.S. – It happened in CUBA! The SPANISH-AMERICAN War The Spanish-American War
By: Mr. McD Spain owned Cuba : Spain owned Cuba Spain CUBA Slide 4: Many Americans did business in Cuba WHY? You scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours : You scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours Cuba sells SUGAR to the U.S.
The U.S. had invested $50 million in Cuba’s mines, railroads, and sugar plantations Slide 6: -Spain had owned Cuba for centuries and was making lots of money from it.
-Many of the Cubans had been slaves to the Spanish in the past, but now even though they weren’t slaves, they weren’t much better off
-Had very few freedoms and were not able to have their own government Some background info The build-up to war : The build-up to war Jose Marti = a Cuban guerilla fighting against Spanish authorities. After the Cubans’ rebellion collapsed in 1878, Jose Marti and other Cuban rebels fled to the U.S. where they waited and planned a new revolution.
*guerilla = ___________________
He was a writer and poet who raised awareness of the Cubans’ problems. He helped raise money, weapons, and train troops for when the time came to fight in Cuba again. The build-up to war : The build-up to war After Cuba’s uprising in 1895, President Grover Cleveland declared the United States to be neutral. BUT…these guys were NOT neutral : BUT…these guys were NOT neutral William Randolph Hearst Joseph Pulitzer Slide 10: General Valeriano Weyler (Spain)
a.k.a “THE BUTCHER”
He herded Cuban villagers into reconcentration camps so that they would not support the rebels fighting against the Spanish. --Tens of thousands of Cubans died in these camps of starvation and disease What are you looking at?
I will kill you until you
die from it
(especially if you’re Cuban) Slide 11: McKinley tries to negotiate with Spain Alright Spain, let’s end this
conflict in Cuba.
If not, we’ll be getting all up in your grill President McKinley, 1897 OK OK…1) we’ll get rid of The Butcher, and
2) we’ll give the Cubans their own government, but they’ll still be a part of Spanish empire Slide 12: Jose Marti and
Cuban guerillas Ok Cuban rebels, what’s it going to be:
Deal . . . or NO deal? Ummm…..Howie this is a tough one ……uhhhh… Ummm…well….. NO DEAL !!!
Vive la Cuba! The United States sends the U.S.S. Maine to coast of Cuba in case things get messy : The United States sends the U.S.S. Maine to coast of Cuba in case things get messy Two SPARKS that lead the U.S.to declare war on Spain : Two SPARKS that lead the U.S.to declare war on Spain 1) Spanish ambassador’s letter that criticizes President McKinley
-Said McKinley was “weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd”
2) The U.S.S. Maine explodes in Havana harbor Slide 15: The U.S.S. Maine explodes in Havana harbor Slide 16: Maine wreckage Slide 17: American journalists blamed Spain immediately
American public was outraged and demanded WAR!!!
“Remember the Maine” – slogan
Jingoism- attitude of aggressive nationalism
April 1898 – The U.S. and Spain are at WAR !!! Who Dunnit ??? Slide 18: The SPANISH-AMERICAN War has begun Your days are numbered Spain
Tu estas DEAD !!! Lo siento a Tío Sam Slide 19: Spanish-American War Some of the fighting in Cuba… : Some of the fighting in Cuba… Spanish-American War : Spanish-American War The U.S. Navy takes the Philippines (in Pacific Ocean), which had been part of Spanish Empire Spanish-American War : Spanish-American War The U.S. Navy takes the Philippines (in Pacific Ocean), which had been part of Spanish Empire
17,000 troops landed on CUBA’s mainland
-Among these troops were the volunteer unit called the Rough Riders Slide 23: Teddy
president “The Rough Riders”
A volunteer cavalry unit made
up of American cowboys,
Miners, and law officers. Spanish-American War : Spanish-American War The U.S. Navy takes the Philippines (in Pacific Ocean), which had been part of Spanish Empire
17,000 troops landed on CUBA’s mainland
-Among these troops were the volunteer unit called the Rough Riders
-Assisted in the capture of San Juan Hill
- ¼ of total American troops fighting in Cuba were African American
Americans occupy Spanish colony of PUERTO RICO
August 12, 1898 – Spain and U.S. agreed to a cease-fire Slide 25: The war lasted 5 months U.S. got: Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, & Guam Slide 26: You haven’t seen the last of ME America! Hey…who tucked my tie into my shirt ?? Slide 27: An American Empire
is born Now what should the U.S. do with their newly acquired lands?
Cuba is given their freedom as promised
The U.S. annexes Guam and Puerto Rico
But what to do with the Philippines???
-Remain true to Republican ideals OR
-Become an imperial power Slide 28: * Economic and military benefits
would give us naval base in Asia
would give us a large market for American goods Reasons to annex the Philippines * Belief that we had a moral duty to teach “less civilized” peoples how to live properly
“Surely this Spanish war has not been a grab for empire, but a heroic effort to free the oppressed, and to teach the millions of ignorant, debased human beings thus freed how to live.”
-a New England minister Slide 29: Some anti-imperialists said that the cost of an empire far outweighed the economic benefits it provided
Cheap labor could drive down U.S. wages
Imperialism violated American principles Reasons NOT to annex Philippines President McKinley Says YES we will annex Philippines Slide 30: U.S. and Spain sign this treaty
Cuba becomes independent
U.S. acquires Puerto Rico and Guam, & pays Spain $20 million for Philippines
U.S. is officially an imperial power! Treaty of Paris