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Premium member Presentation Transcript PowerPoint Presentation: The Pacific Theater of OperationsCharacter of the Enemy: Character of the Enemy Kamikaze attacks “divine wind” suicidal airplane attacks Banzai attacks suicidal wave after wave of soldiers “Death before dishonor” Absolutely NO surrender Live and die by the bushido warrior code “way of the warrior” Permitted a warrior to determine right from wrongThe Bushido Code: The Bushido Code Justice Politeness Courage Courage is to live when it is right to live and to die when it is right to die. To rush into battle half heartedly, not making the full effort because you “know” you won’t live anyway lacks real courage. To engage in a seemingly hopeless battle and not give up until your time is up is courageous. Benevolence Honor Write this word down! To the Samurai, honor was the understanding of their own worth and dignity, and the understanding of their station in life, responsibilities and duties, and how continued correct practice of their code ensured their good reputation. From early in life, shame was used to educate children in what was correct behavior and what was not. Thus, honor was an understanding of their moral responsibilities Loyalty To the Samurai, loyalty was the center of the Bushido code – loyalty to family, loyalty to other Samurai, and loyalty to those whom you serve was given freely.U.S. Naval Power: U.S. Naval Power Battleships Ship-to-ship combat Destroyers Ship-to-land combat Aircraft Carriers Aerial combatBattleships: BattleshipsDestroyers: DestroyersAircraft Carriers – around 6,000 men: Aircraft Carriers – around 6,000 menPowerPoint Presentation: Adm. Chester Nimitz Sea forces in the Pacific U.S. Military LeadersPowerPoint Presentation: Gen. Douglas MacArthur Land forces in the PacificFighting Tactics: Fighting Tactics Island Hopping (* pretty obvious?) Coastal Bombardments * Aerial Fights * Amphibious Assaults * Jungle Fighting * Secret Codes Imperial Japanese code At the peak of activity around 35,000 people were “breaking codes” By 1942, Allies could read all Japanese secret messages U.S. Navajo code-talkers The only secret code of WWII that was never brokenNavajo Code tse-gah wol-la-chee na-hash-chid ah-jah dah-nes-tsa na-as-tso-si wol-la-chee tsah: Navajo Code tse-gah wol-la-chee na-hash-chid ah-jah dah-nes-tsa na-as-tso-si wol-la-chee tsahNavajo Code Alphabet: Navajo Code Alphabet A WOL-LA-CHEE B NA-HASH-CHID C BA-GOSHI D LHA-CHA-EH E AH-JAH F TSA-E-DONIN-EE G AH-TAD H TSE-GAH I A-CHI J AH-YA-TSINNE K BA-AH-NE-DI-TININ L AH-JAD M NA-AS-TSO-SI N TSAH O A-KHA P CLA-GI-AIH Q CA-YEILTH R DAH-NES-TSA S DIBEH T A-WOH U NO-DA-IH V A-KEH-DI-GLINI W GLOE-IH X AL-NA-AS-DZOH Y SAH-AS-ZIH Z BESH-DO-TLIZNavajo Code Talkers: Navajo Code Talkers United Streaming Navajo Code 9:10 – 19:15PowerPoint Presentation: Japanese captured Hong Kong , French Indochina , Malaya , Burma , Thailand , New Guinea , Solomon Islands , Philippines , Guam , Wake Island , part of Aleutian islands . After Pearl Harbor...PowerPoint Presentation: The Doolittle Raid Led by Colonel James Doolittle and planned by FDR Carried out to boost U.S. morale only months after the bombing of Pearl HarborPowerPoint Presentation: 16 B-25 bombers took off from aircraft carriers near Japan, but couldn’t land on them due to the shortened runways The planes bombed Tokyo and crash-landed in Japanese- occupied China. 71 out of 80 crew members survived Significance = ???PowerPoint Presentation: Japan takes Manila in ‘42 US & Filipino troops surrendered, but... Fall of the PhilippinesPowerPoint Presentation: Bataan Death March …they were forced to march 65 miles from the Bataan Peninsula :PowerPoint Presentation: “I shall return!” Who is this man?PowerPoint Presentation: MacArthur returned to the Philippines on Oct 20, 1944 Memorial of former Philippine president Osmena and then Pacific Theatre WWII commander, Gen. MacArthur, and their staff — wading in the shores of Palo, Leyte in the closing months of the second world war.STOP: STOP Do the Bataan Death March readingHow do you think the Bataan Death March changed anti-Japanese propaganda?: How do you think the Bataan Death March changed anti-Japanese propaganda?Look how racist the following posters are. : Look how racist the following posters are. Why do you think the U.S. government allowed such harsh and racist images to be used? Would these be allowed today?What emotions?: What emotions?What emotions? Where would this poster be displayed?: What emotions? Where would this poster be displayed?PowerPoint Presentation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wuMs5Trf9DUTypes of fighting in P.T.O. *Write the following notes on loose leaf: Types of fighting in P.T.O. * Write the following notes on loose leaf Naval battles & Dogfights Jungle fighting Beach landing Compare to warfare todayA. Naval Battles & Dog Fights : A. Naval Battles & Dog FightsPowerPoint Presentation: 1 st example: Battle of Midway June ‘42 NW of HawaiiPowerPoint Presentation: Japan plans to attack island of Midway (U.S.) for its airstrips. Luckily, the U.S. broke the Japanese codePowerPoint Presentation: *4 Japanese aircraft carriers & 100s of “ zeros ” destroyed 1st major Japanese defeat!!! “Turning Point” of the PTOPowerPoint Presentation: Hiryu on fire & drifting after attack by US carrier Air ForcesPowerPoint Presentation: *Largest naval battle in history (282 ships) June ‘44 2 nd example: Battle of Leyte GulfPowerPoint Presentation: *Kamikaze pilots were used for the first time Japanese pilots crashed into US ships with bomb-loaded planesPowerPoint Presentation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=33dh14dJ_Dw – Kamikaze http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i-_EP_8nF7s -- DogfightsPowerPoint Presentation: Crew of the USS Lexington abandoning ship (was sunk)PowerPoint Presentation: * B. Jungle Fighting ENEMY = Nature Poisonous insects Scorching heat & humidity Tropical fevers (malaria & dysentery)Jungle Fighting (cont.) do not write down this slide: Jungle Fighting (cont.) do not write down this slide p. 18 – Jungle reading Dr. Frederick Weniger U.S. Navy, in Guam Won Silver Star video clip The Pacific – episode 1 Guadalcanal episode http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kMalfd1PN-k&feature=related What were the major obstacles that soldiers/marines had to deal with when fighting in the jungles of the Pacific War?C. Beach Landings: C. Beach Landings What group did most of these landings? What are other ways to get your men on an island? Why didn’t we do that instead?PowerPoint Presentation: Guadalcanal Japan built an airfield in Guadalcanal to invade AustraliaPowerPoint Presentation: 10,000 U.S. Marines were sent to take the island and airfield Aug 7, ‘42PowerPoint Presentation: 1st U.S. amphibious assault in the PacificPowerPoint Presentation: 25,000 Japanese dead Fight to the death! Lasted 6 monthsPowerPoint Presentation: Island HoppingPowerPoint Presentation: Island Hopping STEPS : 1.Capture key island 2.Build base/airfield 3.Move to the next island 4. Repeat Goal : Get within striking distance of JapanCompared to warfare today? : Compared to warfare today? What styles of fighting have been used in Iraq and Afghanistan? Naval battles and dogfights? Jungle fighting? Beach landings? You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.