Water Cycle and Solar energy notes

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Slide 1: 

Water is always _________ between the atmosphere (_____________) and surface of Earth. condensation precipitation evaporation transpiration run-off Water Cycle moving troposphere

Slide 2: 

Evaporation/Transpiration Water enters the atmosphere as ______ ______ through evaporation and transpiration Evaporation – when a _______ becomes a ____ Transpiration – _______ releasing water vapor water vapor liquid gas plants

Slide 3: 

Condensation · Condensation happens in the atmosphere as water _______ changes to water _________. · _______ form as a result of condensation. · ____ forms when water vapor condenses directly onto a surface; · Frost forms when water vapor changes from ____ directly to ___ ________ on a surface when the temperature at which condensing would take place is at the freezing point or below. vapor droplets Clouds Dew ice crystals gas

Slide 4: 

Precipitation · After condensation occurs (forming _______), water droplets fall in various forms of precipitation – _____, snow, freezing rain, sleet, or hail, depending upon weather conditions. · Temperature variations within clouds and/or within the region between the cloud and _______ allows for the various forms of precipitation. clouds rain Earth

Slide 5: 

Run-off · If precipitation falls on land surfaces, it always attempts to move back toward sea level as ________-______ flow or _____________ flow. · The surface that receives the precipitation determines its _____ back towards sea level. Examples are: · Water will remain on the ________ when the surface is not porous or the precipitation is falling too fast for the water to sink into the ground. · Water will _____ into the ground when the surface is porous and there is lots of ______ in the soil to hold the water. surface water groundwater flow surface sink space

Slide 7: 

The driving energy source for heating of Earth and circulation in Earth’s atmosphere comes from the ____ and is known as ______ _______. Some of the Sun’s energy coming through Earth’s atmosphere is __________ or __________ by gases and clouds in the atmosphere. Sun solar energy reflected absorbed ozone Solar Energy In The Atmosphere

Slide 8: 

Solar energy that is _________ by Earth’s land and water surfaces is changed to _____ that moves/radiates back into the atmosphere (troposphere). The heat cannot be transmitted through the atmosphere so it is ________, a process known as the ____________ _______. absorbed heat greenhouse gases trapped greenhouse effect

Slide 9: 

Solar energy that is _________ by Earth’s land and water surfaces is changed to _____ that moves/radiates back into the atmosphere (troposphere). The heat cannot be transmitted through the atmosphere so it is ________, a process known as the ____________ _______. absorbed heat greenhouse gases trapped greenhouse effect

Slide 10: 

The _____ heats up and releases its heat fairly quickly, but ______ needs to absorb lots of solar energy to warm up. This property of water allows it to ______ more slowly but also to ________ the heat energy more slowly. It is the water on Earth that helps to _________ the temperature range of Earth’s atmosphere. In the ________, where there is little water, the days are extremely hot and the nights are extremely cold. land water warm release regulate deserts

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