Applied Physics & Ballistics Dept.

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Slide 1: 

PG Dept of Applied Physics & Ballistics Fakir Mohan University , Balasore, Orissa Welcomes You Copyright @ Flt. Lt. Dr. Munesh Chandra Adhikary , Head of the APAB Dept.

Overview : 

Overview Introduction Organization Chart Dept Staff : Teaching & Non -Teaching Infrastructure Course Structure Exam Pattern Highlights Our Students’ Achievements Ballistics- an introduction Conclusion and future outlook

Introduction: : 

Introduction: Profile of the Department : Telephone - 06782-241462 (o) / 261515 Email : ballistics.fmu@gmail.com   Website : www.fmuniersity.nic.in Year of Introduction  : 2007 Course Offering    : M. Sc in Applied Physics and Ballistics In-take Capacity : 16 Supporting Organization : Proof and Experimental Establishment (PXE), DRDO, Chandipur Our Uniqueness : First in India   Research Fields : Condensed Matter Physics, Material Science (Nano Technology), Nuclear physics, Ballistics, Computer Science.

Slide 4: 

Vision :  To become a center for excellence in education and   research in the field of Applied Physics and Ballistics. To provide excellent environment for learning. To impart knowledge through creative and innovative practices in teaching and learning. To produce technically competent Scientists.   Mission :  To achieve success in University examinations, NET, GATE, JEST,SLET etc. and also in the qualifying examinations of DRDO, Ordnance factories and other research laboratories of the country. To develop practical skills of the students to meet the global competitiveness. To make the University a center of excellence for research in field of Applied Physics and Ballistics.

Organization Chart : 

Organization Chart Chancellor : His Excellency Muralidhar Chandrakant Bhandare Vice-Chancellor : Prof. Dr. Sukanti Priya Patnaik Chairman , PG Council : Prof. Dr. Amarendra Narayan Misra Head of the APAB Dept : Flt. Lt. Dr. Munesh Chandra Adhikary

APAB Dept Staff : : 

APAB Dept Staff : Teaching Faculty : Dr Govinda Chandra Rout – Professor in Physics M.Sc. Ph.D. ( IIT, Chenai ) Flt Lt Dr Munesh Chandra Adhikary- Reader in Physics M.Sc. , M.Phil.( Physics ), Ph.D.( Computer Sc. ) H.O.D. Dr Sidhartha Pattanaik - Reader in Ballistics M.Sc.Ph.D. ( IIT, Chenai ) Dr Santosh Kumar Agarwalla - Lecturer in Physics M.Sc. , Ph. D. Er Ashant Ranjan Routray - Lecturer in Computer Sc. B.Tech. , M.E. Vacant - Lecturer in Ballistics

Guest Faculty : : 

Guest Faculty : Sri P.K. Mohapatra , Scientist-F ( Retd. ), PXE, Chandipur Sri K. K. Chand , Scientist-E , PXE, Chandipur Non-Teaching Staff : Sri Satya Ranjan Panda – Jr Asst. Sri Debendra Behera - Peon

Dept Infrastructure : 

Dept Infrastructure Facilities for Students :   Internet Access through Wireless LAN to all Labs, Class Rooms, Library   Dept. Library with Reading Room provides books on Physics, Ballistics, Material Science, ebooks, ejournals etc.   Class Rooms provided with Audio-Visual Systems , LCD Projectors,Computer etc. Seminar Hall provided with Audio-Visual Systems, LCD Projector for conducting various Seminars and Project Presentation of students.

Laboratories : For M.Sc. Students, the following well-furnished Labs are- Computational Physics Lab : provides 20 PCs with latest configuration, Compilers for FORTRAN,C,C++, MATLAB for scientific applications   Electronics Lab : provides Multiviibrator circuits, Adder circuits,Flip Flops, Multiplexer/Demultiplexer,K-Map set up ,D/A Converter, Modern Physics Lab : Ultrasonic Interferometer, Hall Apparatus Kit, Fourier Analysis Kit, Solar Cell Kit, Band Gap Energy set up, LASER light set up   Material Science & Ballistics Lab : Heat Capacity Kit, B-H Curve Unit, Curie Temp Kit, Young's Modulus Kit, Lattice Dynamic Kit, LASER Apparatus, Yaw & Jump in Gun, Firing of Ammunition, Data Acquisition System, SVR-II , Total Station-Theodolight and DistometerAdvanced Electronics Lab : provides RADAR Systems, Antenna Systems, GPS Systems , LCR Circuits : 

Laboratories : For M.Sc. Students, the following well-furnished Labs are- Computational Physics Lab : provides 20 PCs with latest configuration, Compilers for FORTRAN,C,C++, MATLAB for scientific applications   Electronics Lab : provides Multiviibrator circuits, Adder circuits,Flip Flops, Multiplexer/Demultiplexer,K-Map set up ,D/A Converter, Modern Physics Lab : Ultrasonic Interferometer, Hall Apparatus Kit, Fourier Analysis Kit, Solar Cell Kit, Band Gap Energy set up, LASER light set up   Material Science & Ballistics Lab : Heat Capacity Kit, B-H Curve Unit, Curie Temp Kit, Young's Modulus Kit, Lattice Dynamic Kit, LASER Apparatus, Yaw & Jump in Gun, Firing of Ammunition, Data Acquisition System, SVR-II , Total Station-Theodolight and DistometerAdvanced Electronics Lab : provides RADAR Systems, Antenna Systems, GPS Systems , LCR Circuits

Research Lab on Material Science :( Nano-Technology ) : 

Research Lab on Material Science :( Nano-Technology ) Provides Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM ) with EDX [imported], Fourier Transform Infra Red ( FTIR ) Spectrometer with TGA-4000 [imported], Universal Testing Machine( UTM ) , Ultra Sonicator, Internal Mixer, Four Probe Set up, Magnetic Stirrer, Mechanical Stirrer, Hot Air Oven, Compressor, Hydraulic Press etc.On future procurement : X-Ray Diffractometer( XRD ) [imported], Impedance Analyser, Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) [imported]etc.

M.Sc. Course Structure : 

M.Sc. Course Structure Syllabus (First Year) : Semester I APAB 411 - Classical Mechanics APAB 412 - Mathematical Physics   APAB 413 - Electronics and Computer programming   APAB 414  - Weapon systems and Ballistics Measurements   APAB 415  - PRACTICAL:Modern Physics and Electronics   Semester II   APAB 421 – Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics   APAB 422 – Quantum Mechanics   APAB 423 - Fluid Dynamics   APAB 424 - Internal Ballistics APAB 425 - PRACTICAL:Computational physics

Syllabus (Second Year) : : 

Syllabus (Second Year) : Semester III   APAB 531  - Material Science and Solid State Physics   APAB 532  - Electrodynamics   APAB 533  - Nuclear and Particle Physics   APAB 534  - External Ballistics   APAB 535  - PRACTICAL:Material Science and ballistics Measurements  Semester IV (Special: Ballistics )****** ( Special : Electronics ) APAB 541  - Terminal Ballistics*** APAB-641 - Electrical Circuits & Control   APAB 542 - Ballistic Modelling *** APAB-642 - Optoelectronics   APAB 543  - Rocket Ballistics **** APAB-643 - Pulse & Digital Circuits   APAB 544  - Project **************APAB-644 - PRACTICAL:Adv electronics   APAB 545  - Seminar ***************APAB-645 - Project and Seminar

Examination Pattern : : 

Examination Pattern : Theory Paper : Internal Exam : 20 mark for each paper – to be conducted by the individual teacher Unit wise in each paper during class Semester Exam : 80 mark for each paper – to be conducted by Univ at the end of each semester Practical Paper : 100 mark for each paper – to be conducted by Univ at end of each semester Special Paper Selection : For Electronics & Ballistics on the basis of Admission Entrance Merit List + 1st Semester Agregate mark + 2nd Semester Agregate mark + Option given by the student during 3rd semester

Highlights : : 

Highlights : SEMINARS : Students’ Seminar - weekly once compulsory for each student Invited Talks – monthly once by eminent Scientists of DRDO Labs, Professors of IITs and other Universities. PROJECTS : Summer Projects - Interested students of M.Sc 2nd semester are sent for Summer School courses of various renowned Research Institutes of India. University Projects – The students of M.Sc. 4th semester are sent for University Exam. Projects in Ballistics and Advanced Electronics to DRDO Labs like PXE & ITR, Chandipur. STUDY TOUR : Planned to give an exposure to our students on various scientific works & techniques at different DRDO Labs and Research Institutes of India through Study Tours. PLACEMENTS : Students are absorbed in various Engineering Colleges in the field of Physics, Material Science, Fluid Dynamics. For research students have to qualify UGC / CSIR NET Exam. For Ballistics oriented jobs , students have to qualify UPSC/ SAT , DRDO

OUR STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENTS : : 

OUR STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENTS : Mr Paramananda Jena ( 2007-09 batch ) : Qualified all India test for doing M.Phil. with Fellowship at Central University, Pondichery. Miss Bharati Gupta ( 2007-09 batch ) : Qualified ULET-2010 and doing Ph.D. at APAB Dept, FM University . Miss Purabi Ghosh ( 2008-10 batch ) : Completed the summer school course at Variable Electron Cyclotron Centre ( VECC ) in May-June 2009 and during the course she published a research paper . Miss Abanti Bhuyan ( 2008-10 batch ) : Completed the summer school course at Variable Electron Cyclotron Centre (VECC) in May-June -09. Mr Ashish Masanta ( 2008-10 batch ) : Completed the summer school course at Institute of Plasma Research (IPR), Ahamadabad in May-June 2009 . Miss Smruti Rekha Sahoo ( 2009-11 batch ) : Completed the summer school course at Physical Research Laboratory ( PRL ) , Ahamadabad in May-July 2010 . Miss Minati Biswal ( 2009-11 batch ) : Completed the summer school course at Bose Institute of Basic Sciences , Kolkota in May-June 2010 Mr Munna Dan ( 2009-11 batch ) : Completed the summer school course at Bose Institute of Basic Sciences , Kolkota in May-June 2010 .

Slide 16: 

Ballistics the science of mechanics that deals with the motion, behaviour, and effects of projectiles, especially bullets, gravity bombs, rockets, or the like; the science or art of designing and accelerating projectiles so as to achieve a desired performance the dynamical aspects of propelling, free flight and reaction at or near the terminal point within the atmosphere and the instrumentation associated with various types of measurements Introduction to Ballistics

Slide 17: 

Ballistics - Branches Internal Ballistics Intermediate ballistics External Ballistics Terminal Ballistics Underwater or Hydro-Ballistics Forensic Science & Wound Ballistics Experimental Ballistics & Instrumentation Introduction to Ballistics

Slide 18: 

Internal Ballistics Propulsion Studies The study of the processes originally accelerating the projectile, like the passage of a projectile through the barrel of a gun or mortar acted upon by the pressure of gases from propellant burning generation of forward thrust for a rocket due to gases evolved by propellant burning are expelled from nozzle from ignition of propellant up to the point of exit from gun / mortar barrel or up to the burnout of propellant for rockets Pressure-Time, Pressure-space, Acceleration-time Introduction to Ballistics

Slide 19: 

Intermediate or Transitional Ballistics Effects of Propelling Gases at Projectile Exit Study of the projectile's behaviour when it leaves the barrel and the pressure behind the projectile is equalized Study of the expansion of exit gases its interaction with the weapon & projectile Study Necessary for the Design of Recoil System Muzzle Brakes Muzzle-Noise (Blast) reducing devises Introduction to Ballistics

Slide 20: 

External Ballistics Study of Projectile Motion in Air Study of the passage of the projectile through space or the air. Deals with the motion of a projectile from the time it leaves the influence of the muzzle outflow of the propellant gases (in case of rockets, the instant it leaves the launch tube) to the instant it strikes the target or to the initiation of the fuze For Carrier or Cargo (sub-munition) projectiles, the separation or ejection of sub-munitions and their free flight thereafter up to impact For Rockets during powered phase, internal & External Ballistics Studies required Concurrently Introduction to Ballistics

Slide 21: 

Terminal Ballistics Study of Projectile Action at Target study of the interaction of a projectile with its target, whether that be flesh (for a hunting bullet), steel (for an anti-tank round), or installations / concrete structures like runways, bridges, bunkers, etc. Introduction to Ballistics

Slide 22: 

Related Disciplines Mathematics Physics Chemistry Aerodynamics Metallurgy Solid Mechanics & Mechanical Engineering Computational Dynamics Meteorology Instrumentation .... Introduction to Ballistics

Slide 23: 

Projectiles Artillery Shells Mortar Bombs Anti-Aircraft (AD) projectiles Unguided Rockets Anti-Tank Projectiles (HE, HEAT, HESH, FSAPDS,…) Aircraft released / fired Bombs, shells & rockets Introduction to Ballistics

Slide 24: 

Introduction to Ballistics Projectile Geometry

Slide 25: 

Introduction to Ballistics Projectile Geometry

Movements of Projectile : 

XB ZB YB BODY AXIS SYSTEM (LOOKING FROM NOZZLE END) p q r + ROLL:CLOCKWISE +PITCH:UP +YAW:RIGHT C.G Movements of Projectile Introduction to Ballistics

Rockets : 

Rockets Rockets Chemical Rockets Nuclear Rockets Electrical Rockets Solar Rockets Liquid Propellant Solid Propellant Introduction to Ballistics

Turbojets : 

Turbojets Boeing Harpoon Quiet inefficient (particularly below Mach 2)? High exhaust speed, low frontal area, simple design Still very common in medium range cruise missiles Introduction to Ballistics

Turbofans : 

Turbofans Good propulsive efficiency Low specific fuel consumption Large volume and difficult to design for small scale Tomahawk cruise missile Introduction to Ballistics

Ramjets : 

Ramjets Sea dart SA-4 Introduction to Ballistics No compressor needed Vehicles forward motion is used to compress air at inlet Require considerable forward speed to start operating Operates most efficiently around Mach 3

Scramjets : 

Scramjets Stands for Supersonic Combustion RAM Jet. Eliminates the requirement of carrying oxygen onboard. Weight saving Easy to launch than a rocket Aerodynamic heating Difficulty to sustain combustion at high temperature Scramjet Operation Introduction to Ballistics

Slide 32: 

Propulsion Turbojet Ramjet Chemical Nuclear Electrical Solid Propellant Liquid Propellant Hybrid Propellant Scramjet Air Breathing Engines Rocket Engines Introduction to Ballistics

Operation Principle : 

Operation Principle Newton’s Third Law “Every Action has an equal and opposite Reaction” Principle of Jet Propulsion “Ejection of working fluid (combustion products) at high speed through a nozzle. The reaction due to the exit of working fluid in one direction propels the vehicle in the opposite direction” Introduction to Ballistics

V-2 (Vergetlungswaffe -2) : 

V-2 (Vergetlungswaffe -2) First Application of Modern Rocket Technology to Guided Missiles Introduction to Ballistics

Conclusions @ : 

Conclusions @ Kites rise the Highest against the Wind , but not with it. If you can’t able to climb the wall, make a door through it. Dream is not what you see when you sleep, Dream is the thing that doesn’t let you sleep. Continuous Effort , not the Strength and Intelligence, will unlock the Potentiality within you. TOUCH THE SKY WITH GLORY

Thank YouPG Dept of Applied Physics & BallisticsFakir Mohan University, Balasore, Orissa : 

Thank YouPG Dept of Applied Physics & BallisticsFakir Mohan University, Balasore, Orissa

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