Contraception Information UCC Student Health Department

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Presentation Description

Information on the range of contraceptive options available in the Student Health Department UCC

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Contraception:

Contraception What's Available ?

Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill:

Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill Most Popular Method >99% effective when taken correctly May not suit if you have Epilepsy or Migraine

Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill:

Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill Benefits Reliable contraception Predictable menstrual cycle & lighter periods Helps prevent some illnesses Serious Side Effects DVT and Thrombosis Minor Side Effects Nausea, Sore Breasts, Spotting (bleeding)

Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill:

Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill Remember The Pill doesn’t prevent STIs so need to use condoms as well If you tend to forget to take the pill you should consider a “Fit and Forget Method” such as the NuvaRing or the Implant

Contraceptive Ring ( NuvaRing):

Contraceptive Ring ( NuvaRing) Soft pliable ring inserted into vagina Stays in place for 21 days then removed for 7 days Contains the same hormones as “The Pill” but at a lower dose

Contraceptive Ring ( NuvaRing):

Contraceptive Ring ( NuvaRing) Benefits Don’t need to remember something every day “Fit and Forget” Lowest dose of Oestrogen Side Effects Same as “The Pill” Can try dummy sample to see how easy it is

The Implant ( Implanon):

The Implant ( Implanon) Very reliable method Lasts for 3 years Fit and Forget Doesn’t contain Oestrogen so suits women who can’t take “The Pill”

The Implant ( Implanon):

The Implant ( Implanon) Benefits Lower risk of cardio-vascular side effects Fit and Forget Lasts 3 years Cost Effective over 3 yr lifespan

The Implant ( Implanon):

The Implant ( Implanon) Side Effects Bleeding pattern may be unpredictable For 80% of women no more bleeding days than before but more random For other 20% treatment can be given to stop prolonged bleeding if needed

The Implant ( Implanon):

The Implant ( Implanon) Implant is inserted just under the skin after local anaesthetic You should check to feel the implant just after insertion Fertility returns rapidly to previous levels upon removal

Depot Injection (Depo-Provera):

Depot Injection (Depo-Provera) Injection given every 12 weeks Very reliable if given at correct intervals. Can affect bleeding pattern Not immediately reversible on stopping Can affect bone density long term so generally not suitable for longer than 1-2 years

Other Long Acting Systems:

Other Long Acting Systems Intra –Uterine System ( Mirena) Intra-Uterine Device ( Coil) Very effective but not recommended where risks of Sexually Transmitted Infections. Not available in the Student Health Department

Progesterone Only Pill (“mini-pill”):

Progesterone Only Pill (“mini-pill”) Suitable for women unable to use Oestrogen e.g. Diabetes or Migraine Need to take 1 tablet every single day With newer POP eg Cerazette have 12 hr window for time of pill taking Bleeding can be unpredictable

The Patch ( Evra):

The Patch ( Evra) Contains the same hormones as “The Pill” Need to remember to change patch every week Applied once a week for 3 weeks then 1 week break Some people can be allergic to the glue

Condoms:

Condoms Help to prevent STIs Alcohol often reduces condom use Other method needed

The “Morning-After-Pill”:

The “Morning-After-Pill” Can be given up to 72 hours after unprotected sex Single tablet taken ASAP Now also available direct from Pharmacies without prescription

Why not consider your options?:

Why not consider your options? Many young women start with “The Pill” Why not also consider a fit and forget method Nuvaring Implant Discuss with the doctor

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