english grammer

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It has some parts of English grammar which are nicely written .

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ENGLISH PROJECT WORK

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PART OF SPEECH

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WHAT IS PART OF SPEECH Part of speech means grammar. It has 10 parts. T hese are Nouns Pronouns Adjectives Verbs Tenses Determiners Prepositions The active and passive voice Reported speech connectors

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NOUNS A noun is the name of a person, a place, a thing, a feeling, a quality or a state of mind. Kinds of nouns Common Proper Collective Material Abstract

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A noun that is common to persons, places things of the same class or kind is called a Common noun. For example He is reading a book. That is my school. It is an interesting story. Childrens are playing. CHILDRENS BOOKS COMMON NOUN

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A noun that denotes the name of a particular person, place or thing is called a proper noun. For example The T aj M ahal is a famous historical monument. Dr.Chouhan is our principal. ‘ olive Twist ’ is an interesting novel. Dr.chouhan Char Minar PROPER NOUN

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A noun that is the name of persons or things put together as one group or a whole is called a Collective Noun For Example A group of children is playing. A bunch of keys is lying on the table. A gang of thieves was arrested. Swarm of bees Fleet of ships COLLECTIVE NOUN

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A Noun that stands for a material of which a thing is made is called a Material Noun. For Example This table is made of plastic . I would like to have some more sugar in my coffee. This dress is made of pure cotton. This boat is made up of wood. This instrument is made up of plastic. MATERIAL NOUN

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A noun that names quality, state or action is called an Abstract Noun. For Example Kindness gains friends. On seeing a lion on the park he was filled with fear . I won the race . I won the race . Kindness gains friends. ABSTRACT NOUN

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PRONOUN

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A Pronoun is a word used in place of a Noun. Kinds of a Pronoun Personal Reflexive or Emphatic Relative Interrogative Demonstrative Indefinite WHAT IS PRONOUN?

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Different forms of Personal Pronoun NOMINATIVE CASE POSSESSIVE CASE OBJECTIVE CASE First Person (The person speaking) i , we my, mine our, ours me, us Second Person (The person spoken to) You Yours, yours You Third Person (The person or thing spoken about) he, she, it they, these his, her, hers its, their, theirs him, her, it, then PERSONAL PRONOUNS

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Formation of Reflexive Pronoun SINGULAR PLURAL FORMATION Myself ourselves Reflexive Pronouns are formed by adding ‘self’ or ‘selves’ to the Personal Pronoun. Yourself Yourselves Himself Themselves Herself Itself REFLEXIVE OR EMPHATIC PRONOUN

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Relative pronoun stands for Nouns which go before them and they also join clauses/sentences. For Example This is the pen that my uncle gave me on my birthday. This is the boy who scored five goals. Tell me the name of the person whom you wish to meet. RELATIVE PRONOUNS

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Question words like ‘who’, ‘whose’, ‘which, ‘what’ used as Pronouns in a sentence are called Interrogative Pronouns. For Example Who is he? What is this? Whom do you want to meet? Which of these bags is yours? What time are you leaving for Kolkata? INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS

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Words which point to Nouns for which they are used are called Demonstrative Pronouns. For Example This is my pencil and that is yours. These are our books and those are yours. Such is a brave boy. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS

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The words ‘each’, ‘either’ refer to persons or things one at a time. Such words are called Distributive Pronouns. For Example Either of you can try it. Neither of could them play. There were flowers on either side of the road. She bought one of the books she liked. DISTRIBUTIVE PRONOUNS

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Pronouns which do not refer any particular person or thing but refer to Nouns, understood are Indefinite Pronouns. For Example One must trust oneself. None of them could climb it. Everyone is mortal. Someone cut the telephone wires. INDEFINITE PRONOUNS

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VERBS

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A verb is used for saying something about a person, thing or place. KINDS OF VERBS Finite verbs Non-finite verbs WHAT IS VERBS

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Non-infinite/ Infinite verb is the verb that is not limited by the number and person of the subject. For example I want to play . Smoking is a bad habit. We enjoy singing . She gave me a broken pen. NON-FINITE VERB

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ADJECTIVES

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A FEW EXAMPLES A beautiful dress, Second position, A grey man, Courageous boy, Many problems, Whose book, Much milk, Our home, etc. This building, The highlighted words are Adjectives . An Adjective is a word that qualifies or describes a Noun or Pronoun. Adjectives are also called D escribing words . A few more examples of Adjectives: A crowded market place, a blue sky, four boys, lovely sight, a little milk, a lot of water, many children etc.

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KINDS OF ADJECTIVES Adjectives of quality Adjectives of quantity Adjectives of number Distributive adjectives Interrogative Adjectives Demonstrative Adjectives Possessive Adjectives

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ADJECTIVES OF QUALITY Examples: A rich man; a noble king; an honest teacher; the Indian boy; an angry man etc. The highlighted words are the Adjectives of Quality Such adjectives show the quality, kind or state of a noun or pronoun. A few more examples of adjectives of quality: Bold, friendly, neat, poor, Chinese, French, etc. ADJECTIVES OF QUANTITY Some milk Enough sugar A little sense Much wealth The highlighted words are Adjectives of Quantity. Such Adjectives describe the quantity of a Noun or a Pronoun. A few more examples of Adjectives of Quantity: Full, half, whole, sufficient, great, a lot of, etc.

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ADJECTIVES OF NUMBER ( NUMERAL ADJECTIVES) Examples: Many books, Second boy, Five bags, Double share, All women, etc. The highlighted words are Adjective of number. Such Adjectives denote the numbers of persons or things and the order in what they stand. A few more examples of Adjectives of numbers: A few, a lot of, fourth, several, some, threefold, etc. DISTRIBUTIVE ADJECTIVES Examples: Each child, every girl, either side, neither side, etc. The highlighted words are Distributive Adjectives . Such Adjectives refer to each one of a number.

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INTERROGATIVE ADJECTIVES Examples: What colour is this bedcover? Whose shoes are these? What kind of a tool is this? Which pen do you want to buy? The highlighted words are Interrogative Adjectives . Such Adjectives are used with nouns to ask questions. DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES Examples: This building Those flowers That house This statement etc. These pens The highlighted words are Demonstrative Adjectives . Such Adjectives point out which persons or things are meant to be referred to.

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POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES Examples: This is her house. I have not finished my work yet. My father is a brave man. The highlighted words in the above sentences are Possessive Adjectives . Such Adjectives are used with Nouns to show who possesses a particular thing or a person. A few more examples of Possessive Adjective: His, our, their, your, etc.

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