karl-marx

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1: 

Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) was a German economist who was exiled to England. He wrote Das Kapital, which explained how he thought capitalism would fall, and also the Communist Manifesto, which told the workers of the world to unite and fight the factory owners. How do you think his life shaped his work?

Slide 2: 

Marx’s “Scientific Socialism” had 5 major points: Historical Materialism Class Struggle Surplus Value Inevitability of Socialism Classless Society

Slide 3: 

Historical Materialism Marx argued that economics is the driving force of history. What is materialism?

Slide 4: 

Karl Marx says… “The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas…” “The ruling material force of society, is at the same time its ruling intellectual force.”

Slide 5: 

According to Marx, whoever owns the means of production has always controlled the government and society.

Slide 6: 

POP QUIZ Q: Before the Industrial Revolution, what was the most important factor of production? Q: Who owned it (in France)? Q: How did they control the government and society?

Slide 7: 

POP QUIZ A: Land (for growing crops) A: The Second Estate (Nobles / Landlords) A: By teaming up with the First Estate (Priests), they could always outvote the outvote the Third Estate. Also, the Priests had always told the people that their absolute monarchs had Divine Right of Kings.

Slide 8: 

Karl Marx says… “Religion is the opiate of the masses…” What do you think he meant by this?

Slide 9: 

“History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce.” -Karl Marx What do you think Marx meant by this? What about history is repeating itself?

Slide 10: 

POP QUIZ Q: After the Industrial Revolution, what was the most important factor of production? Q: Who owned it (in England)? Q: How did they control the government and society?

Slide 11: 

POP QUIZ A: Capital (for making products) A: The Bourgeoisie (merchants & factory owners) A: By advocating laissez faire economics, they fought unions, child labor laws, and workplace safety regulations. This kept the supply of labor high and the price of labor low.

Slide 12: 

“History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce.” -Karl Marx What do you think Marx meant by this? What about history is repeating itself?

Slide 13: 

Class Struggle According to Marx, society has always been divided into the “haves” and the “have nots” – and these two classes have always fought each other.

Slide 14: 

Examples: Patricians vs. Plebeians Serfs vs. Lords Bourgeoisie vs. Proletariat (Urban Wage Laborers)

Slide 15: 

What does this cartoon say about the invisible hand?

Slide 16: 

Worker Productivity and Profit Worker Happiness Capital (Bourgeoisie) Labor (Proletariat)

Slide 17: 

In Hunter / Gatherer cultures, people live in close-knit groups and share the fruits of their labors. Karl Marx says… “From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.”

Slide 18: 

In Feudal / Agricultural cultures, serfs and peasants lose the fruits of their labor by working for the nobles, but at least they still live in close-knit communities.

Slide 19: 

But in Industrial cultures, the proletariat is completely separated from the fruits of his labor, and he lives a restless, miserable detached existence. This is called Alienation of Labor

Slide 20: 

Marx believed that the proletariat in every country faced the same problem – Class struggle with the bourgeoisie.

Slide 21: 

So he told the proletariat in every country, “You have nothing to lose but your chains…”

Slide 22: 

“…Workers of the World Unite!”

Slide 23: 

But what do you notice about all of these pictures?

Slide 24: 

Surplus Value Marx believed that the bourgeoisie basically bought the products of the laborers at a cheap price, and then sold those same products back to them at a high price, in effect stealing the surplus value as their profit.

Slide 26: 

Karl Marx says… “Capital is dead labor, which, vampire-like, lives only by sucking living labor, and lives the more, the more labor it sucks.” Remember A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift?

Slide 27: 

Compare and Contrast with Marx…

Slide 28: 

Inevitability of Socialism Marx argued that over time, capital (money) would concentrate in the hands of a small number of capitalists. Finally, the lower class would rise up, overthrow the capitalists, and establish a Dictatorship of the Proletariat. What does this remind you of?

Slide 29: 

Where do you think Marx believed Socialism would come first – Great Britain or Russia?

Slide 30: 

At first, the Dictatorship of the Proletariat would need absolute powers to make sure Reactionaries didn’t bring back capitalism. What does this remind you of?

Slide 31: 

But before long, the workers would learn to share everything equally – “from each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.” Karl Marx called this Communism, or the Ultimate Classless Society.

Slide 33: 

Can’t you see the resemblance?

authorStream Live Help