Bonsai Basics From The bonsai den

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Bonsai Basics:

Bonsai Basics Presented by Matt Harhager from The Bonsai Den www.thebonsaiden.com

What is a Bonsai?:

What is a Bonsai? Bonsai (Bone Si) Bon – Tree Sai – Pot What do most people think of when they hear the word bonsai? Bonsai Video

Topics:

Topics Styles Types Tropical Evergreen Deciduous Choosing a pot Potting Soil Wiring Watering Fertilizer

Bonsai Styles:

Bonsai Styles Formal Upright Informal Upright Broom Slanting Semi Cascade Cascade Clump Forest Literati Root over rock

Formal Upright:

Formal Upright The trunk is ramrod straight and evenly tapered.

Informal Upright:

Informal Upright Gently curving trunk.

Broom:

Broom The most tree like style. Branches fanning out from the top of a straight trunk.

Slanting:

Slanting The whole trunk leans at a definite angle.

Semi Cascade:

Semi Cascade The lowest branch dips below the rim of the pot.

Cascade:

Cascade Tree foliage must fall below the base of the pot.

Clump:

Clump All the trunks are connected at the soil level

Forest:

Forest Should be in odd numbers 3,5,7,9,

Literati / Bunjin:

Literati / Bunjin

Root over rock:

Root over rock A style of river bank or rocky slope origin.

Windswept:

Windswept One of the hardest styles to create successfully.

Root on rock:

Root on rock The rock becomes the pot.

Types - Tropical:

Types - Tropical Should be brought indoors when nighttime temperatures fall below 50 degrees F. Place under good lighting.

Types – Evergreen, Deciduous:

Types – Evergreen, Deciduous Need to be protected in the winter. Keep in a greenhouse or garage. Never bring them indoors for the winter.

Soil:

Soil Should hold water but have good drainage Haydite Silica Sand Charcoal Orchid Bark Never allow the soil to become compacted

Preparing the tree:

Preparing the tree Remove the tree from it’s nursery container or other pot Untangle the roots Loosen the roots Remove any long roots The goal is fine feeder roots, these do all the work.

Preparing the pot:

Preparing the pot Secure screen over the drainage holes using wire Put wire through the pot, to be used to secure the tree Add soil, making a small mound in the center of the pot

Potting the tree:

Potting the tree Twist the tree and move it around to get all air pockets from under the tree out Wire the tree to the pot Fill up with soil Use chopsticks to seat the soil around the roots

Types of Pots:

Types of Pots

Some pot guidelines:

Some pot guidelines Slender trunks and group plantings look best in shallow pots. Thick trunks need deeper pots. Graceful trees look best in oval or soft cornered pots Trees with gnarled trunks look best in rectangle pots Wide spreading trees go good with pots that have a lip Tall slender trees, use a simple round pot The pot should be slightly narrower than the tree spread. Trees with delicate foliage look good in pastel glazes. Dark leaved trees can use a darker color pot.

Tools and Techniques for styling:

Tools and Techniques for styling Wiring Pinching Trimming Bud removal Clip and grow

Wiring Techniques:

Wiring Techniques Wiring should be applied at a 45 degree angle. Make sure the wire is anchored properly. Use one wire to do two branches. Remove wire before it starts to bite into the bark of the tree.

Lighting:

Lighting To much shade and the leaves will grow large and internodes will increase. Too much sun and the leaf tips will turn brown and die off. Every plant has different lighting requirements. See bonsai tree care @ www.thebonsaiden.com for more info.

Watering:

Watering Use a very fine spray, don’t blast the tree with the end of the garden hose. If the soil is damp about an inch down, then it’s time to water. The soil should never be allowed to dry out completely Rainwater is best

Fertilizer:

Fertilizer Fertilizer cakes are the best way to fertilize your bonsai. Use a good balanced fertilizer at half strength every other week.

Pest and disease control:

Pest and disease control Use neem oil or sevin at half strength Common pests and diseases Beetles Scale Aphids

Contact Info:

Contact Info East Canton Ohio Phone: 330 445-9206 Internet: http://www.thebonsaiden.com

Now we will do some work on a Green Island Ficus Repot Wire Trim Thank You Questions:

Now we will do some work on a Green Island Ficus Repot Wire Trim Thank You Questions

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