Technical-20Writing Vs Academic writing

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By: ayuseri (90 month(s) ago)

its an impressive ppt. very clear explanation on both of the writings . Can you email me this ppt as it is very useful for my students. my email ayu_seri06@yahoo.com. thanx

By: 004507 (98 month(s) ago)

Its great to find a ppt that seperates the two , very informative

Presentation Transcript

Technical Writing : 

Technical Writing The link for good workplace/professional communication Part 1

Slide 2: 

“Technical” or “Business” writing is very different from “Academic” writing. Each has its unique purpose and format to follow.

Technical writing is done in the workplace and centers around technical topics. Technical writing has unique characteristics and has specific audiences. : 

Technical writing is done in the workplace and centers around technical topics. Technical writing has unique characteristics and has specific audiences.

Why the Differences? : 

Why the Differences? Time management Variety of Readers Reading for different reasons

“Differences” : 

“Differences” Business leaders don’t have the time in their day to sift through many pages, searching for the information they need to know and

Technical writing will have many different readers, reading different parts of the work. - a project manager, financial officer, CEO, and supervisor might all read parts that pertain to their jobs, then discuss as a team the merits of the proposal. : 

Technical writing will have many different readers, reading different parts of the work. - a project manager, financial officer, CEO, and supervisor might all read parts that pertain to their jobs, then discuss as a team the merits of the proposal. “Differences”

Slide 7: 

This PowerPoint will: Explore the differences between academic and technical writing Explain the components and style of technical writing

Technical vs. Academic Writing : 

Technical vs. Academic Writing

Technical versus Academic : 

Technical versus Academic Knowledge You are the expert Knowledge You are still a learner

Technical versus Academic : 

Technical versus Academic Audience Technical background, professionals in the field Audience Wide range of academics and general audiences

Technical versus Academic : 

Technical versus Academic Criteria for Evaluation Clear and simple organization, Visually appealing and easy to follow. Criteria for Evaluation Depth, logic, clarity, unity and grammar

Technical versus Academic : 

Technical versus Academic Graphics, charts, and numbers are used very frequently to support conclusions Graphics, charts, and numbers are sometimes used to help explain and demonstrate knowledge

Characteristics of Technical Writing : 

Characteristics of Technical Writing Clear, Concise and simply organized. Repetitive in nature. Highly defined structure/format. Examples: Lab reports, memos, business letters, technical reports, and proposals

Compare These Statements: : 

Compare These Statements: Looking into the azure blue sky one could see the golden orb of sun slip gently beneath the western sky. The sun set in the west.

The left-side description of the sun setting is an example of academic writing and the right-side description is an example of technical writing. : 

The left-side description of the sun setting is an example of academic writing and the right-side description is an example of technical writing.

Notice that the technical description is clear, concise, and coherent. These three C’s are trademarks of technical writing. : 

Notice that the technical description is clear, concise, and coherent. These three C’s are trademarks of technical writing.

Assignment: : 

Assignment: Find an article out of a Popular Mechanics magazine. Compare the first two or three paragraphs of that article with a passage from one of your favorite novels using the following categories: Content, Organization, Layout, Intended Audience, Purpose, Tone. You should notice a distinct difference in each of the categories, leading to how each is distinct in its clarity, coherence, and conciseness.

Slide 18: 

Style

Style in Technical Writing : 

Style in Technical Writing Writers have unique characteristics. Sentence structure, word length word choice, and word order; these are choices we make without being conscious of it. These decisions shape the way we express ourselves Style is personal choice, there is no right or wrong here

Tone- Expression of an underlying attitude that can be: : 

Tone- Expression of an underlying attitude that can be: Casual Objective Persuasive Enthusiastic Serious Authoritative Friendly **Always present your material in a positive light. Never let the negative be presented.

Slide 21: 

Clarity and Cohesion The following tips lend themselves to better clarity and cohesion in technical writing.

Sentence Tips : 

Sentence Tips Place the main point at the beginning of the sentence **Don’t make the reader work to find it.

Sentence Tips : 

Sentence Tips Use one main clause in each sentence **more becomes Confusing.

Sentence Tips : 

Sentence Tips Examine your copy to make sure you vary the sentence length –but aim for 15-20 words per sentence. If you use the same length sentences, the text becomes tedious to read

Conciseness Tips : 

Conciseness Tips Avoid the repeated use of pronouns, this confuses the reader. Only use a pronoun immediately following the noun it represents. Try to use specific nouns such as the person’s name, or the specific piece of equipment, etc. In place of abstract nouns

Slide 26: 

Assessment of- Classification of- Computation of- Development of- Elimination of- Requirement of- Abstract Nouns

Conciseness TipsFocus on strong verbs! : 

Conciseness TipsFocus on strong verbs! Assess Classify Compute Develop Eliminate Require

Conciseness Tips : 

Conciseness Tips Shorten wordy phrases Replace long words with short ones Leave out clichés Cut out extra words that are redundant

Language Use Tips : 

Language Use Tips Distinguish facts from opinions Include supportive statements when necessary Choose your words carefully Avoid using words like “always” and “never”—these box the writer in and create finality

Active Voice : 

Active Voice Active voice—emphasizes the doer or the subject “Joe delivered the pizza within the specified time frame.” Active voice uses one verb “delivered” compared to passive voice which uses a form of the verb “to be” + the verb---”was delivered” Almost all technical writing should be done in the active voice, except lab reports.

Active Voice helps: : 

Active Voice helps: Create less wordy sentences Places emphasis on the subject—e.g. company or person’s name

Passive Voice : 

Passive Voice Passive voice—emphasizes the recipient of the action Verbs with the “to be” form Emphasize the receiver of the action Avoid repetitious use of “I” and names Is it the roses or the receiver of the roses that is important to the giver?

Examples of editing for conciseness : 

Examples of editing for conciseness

Slide 34: 

“the passage of the levy was accomplished through long and hard negotiations, and door to door canvassing.” Revised: “The levy pass through long and hard work.”

Slide 35: 

“Confirmation of the voting results occurred yesterday.” Revised “The voting results were confirmed yesterday.”

Technical Writing : 

Technical Writing Provides clear communication in the workplace Has unique formats and a specific style of writing Creates clarity, conciseness and coherency in writing

Closure : 

Closure Welcome to a new style of writing. Hopefully the handouts that accompany these Presentations will help you take your first steps to become a Technical Writer.

Project : 

Project Theme –traditional to modern

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