Malta Coins

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Slide 1: 

Malta The Other Side of the Coin

MALTA : 

MALTA Obviously the other side of the coins,of all countries in the eurozone reflects cultural heritage and features that regard the history of that particular country. € 0.02 € 0.05 € 0.50 € 0.20 € 0.10 € 2.00 € 1.00 € 0.01

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The € 0.05 € 0.02 € 0.01 Maltese Coins On the other side of these coins is the temple altar which is found in Mnajdra. Mnajdra is a megalithic temple complex found on the southern coast of the Mediterrean island of Malta. € 0.01 € 0.05 € 0.02

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Mnajdra is approximately 500 metres from the Hagar Qim megalithic complex. Mnajdra was built around fourth millenium BCE;the Megalithic temples of Malta are amongst the most ancient religious sites on Earth,described by the World Heritage Site committee as ‘’unique architectural masterpieces’’.In 1992 UNESCO recognized the Mnajdra complex and four other Maltese megalithic structures as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Mnajdra is made of coralline limestone, which is much harder than soft globigerina limestone of Hagar Qim.The main structural systems used in temples are corbelling with smaller stones,and post-and-lintel construction using large slabs of limestone. Mnajdra Megalithic Temple Complex

Functions of Mnajdra temple : 

Functions of Mnajdra temple The lowest temple is astronomically aligned and thus was probably used as an astronomical observation and/or calendrical site.On the vernal and the autumnal equinox sunlight passes through the main doorway and lights up the major axis.On solstices sunlight illuminates the edges of megaliths to the left and right of this doorway.Although there are no written records to indicate the purpose of these structures,archaeologists have inferred their use from ceremonial objects found within them:sacrifical flint knives and rope holes that were possibly used to constrain animals for sacrifice(since various animal bones were found).These structures were not used as tombs since no human remains were found.The temples contain furniture such as stone benches and tables that give clues to their use.Many artifacts were recovered from within the temples suggesting that these temples were used for religious purposes,perhaps to heal illness. Interior of Megalithic structure

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€ 0.50 € 0.20 € 0.10 The Maltese Coins € 0.50 € 0.20 € 0.10 On the other side of these coins, there is the Coat of Arms of Malta. These Coat of Arms is the emblem of Malta. The present coat of arms is described by the Emblem and Public Seal of Malta Act of 1988 as a shield a mural crown in gold with a sally port and five turrets representing the fortifications of Malta and denoting a City State, and around the shield a wreath of two branches:the dexter of Olive, the sinister of Palm,symbols of peace and traditionally associated with Malta,all in their proper colours,tied at base with a white ribbon,backed red and upon which are written the words Repubblika ta’ Malta(Republic of Malta) in capital letters in black. Coat of Arms of Malta

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The € 1.00 € 2.00 and Maltese coins € 2.00 € 1.00 On the other side of these coins is the Maltese Cross.The Maltese Cross is identified as the symbol of an order of Christian warriors known as the Knights Hospitaller or Knights of Malta and through them came to be identified with the Mediterranean island of Malta and is one of the National symbols of Malta.

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The Maltese cross was depicted on the two mils coin in the old Maltese currency, and is now shown on the back of the one and two Euro coins, introduced in January 2008. The cross is eight-pointed and has the form of four “V”-shaped arms joined together at their tips, so that each arm has two pointsIts design is based on crosses used since the First Crusade.It was also the symbol of Amalfi, a small Italian Republic of the 11th century. The Maltese Cross

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Symbolism Originally the eight points of the four arms of the later called Maltese Cross represented the eight lands of origin of the friar Knights, respectively the organization scheme of the Order speaking from human resources point of view. The eight points are said to symbolize the eight points of courage: Loyalty,Piety,Generosity,Bravery,Glory and Honour,Contempt of Death,Helpfulness towards the Poor and the sick and Respect for the Church

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THE END By: Ann Marie Vella

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