Student Motivation

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Student Motivation: 

Student Motivation Mari Ingesson

12 Motivation-Related Problems: 

12 Motivation-Related Problems Home Problems Instructional Planning Problems Instructional Ineffectiveness Impersonalized Approach Lack of Self-Esteem Inadequate Learning Skills Incentive Problems Social Skills Problems School and Classroom Climate Problems Teacher Personality and Attentiveness Problems Emotional Adjustment Problems Chemical Abuse Problems

Changing the Environment:: 

Changing the Environment: Changing physical/social environment Changing nature of task child is expected to perform Changing the way cues are provided to prompt the child to perform tasks or behave certain way Change the way people {parents, teachers, caregivers} interact with the child

Change Interaction with Child: 

Change Interaction with Child Tier 1 Model active use of executive skills Provide practice for students Asking students for feedback, allowing them to help in making decisions Regular class meetings to keep positive climate and get students involved Tier 2/3 Increase supervision, support, and cuing Include child in decision making process One-on-One meetings with child

Class Meetings: 

Class Meetings Tier 1 intervention, includes everyone Mostly used in elementary grades Most effective when used in a classroom which the students spend most of their day in May be used in middle/high school with time adaptations Could be useful tier 2/3 intervention for middle/high Can be done school wide on broader scale

Classroom Meetings Can Be Used To:: 

Classroom Meetings Can B e U sed T o: promote a sense of community in the classroom and develop positive relationships between students and with the teacher. Build trust and respect. make choices that effect the class such as rules, lesson topics, goals, progress. This gives students a sense of ownership and builds self-esteem and responsibility s olve conflicts in the classroom. Allows students to be a part of the solution, reflect on actions and view perspectives. Helps problem solving skills. Get to know more about each other, build relationships Relate to others, practice executive skills, learn compassion

Before You Begin: 

Before You Begin Establish rules of the meetings: who gets to talk when, who chooses topics, be polite and respectful, listen to everyone, good idea to use a “talking stick” or mirroring, right to pass Teacher should be leader of the conversation but students should be allowed to contribute original ideas {consider a topic suggestion box} Decide on location of meetings, circles are effective Decide on frequency and length, once a week for 20 minutes, once a day for 15 minutes. Depends on classrooms needs. Keep it regular, same day at same time at whatever frequency.

Meeting Ideas: 

Meeting Ideas Beginning of year, make rules together and create environment, get to know each other Have students share what they did that weekend Share what they like about classroom, what to improve What they would like to learn more about Spotlight students who have made improvements Discuss conflicts that might arise in class/lunch room/playground Set goals, review Future plans, what are you looking forward to?

12 Motivation-Related Problems: 

12 Motivation-Related Problems Home Problems Instructional Planning Problems Instructional Ineffectiveness Impersonalized Approach Lack of Self-Esteem Inadequate Learning Skills Incentive Problems Social Skills Problems School and Classroom Climate Problems Teacher Personality and Attentiveness Problems Emotional Adjustment Problems Chemical Abuse Problems Which of these problems can be helped by regular classroom meetings?

Classroom Meeting Time: 

Classroom Meeting Time

Classroom Meeting Agenda: 

Classroom Meeting Agenda Rules Be respectful to everyone Only talk during your turn Listen attentively You have right to pass Prompts Something you like about this class Something you think would make the class better

Only One Piece of Many: 

Only One Piece of Many Classroom meetings are only one of the many helpful tools for student motivation. It will not work on it’s own and other factors must be present.

Monitoring Methods: 

Monitoring Methods Ways to monitor the motivational environment to determine if it is effective.

Teacher’s Assessment : 

Teacher’s Assessment Teacher self-assessments keep teacher on track Regular retesting provides reminders

Student’s Assessment: 

Student’s Assessment Getting feedback from your students is a helpful way to monitor the effectiveness of the classroom environment Should be monitored regularly to catch any ineffective practices Use other interventions for areas that need improvement Make adjustments when necessary

Other Sources: 

Other Sources http://www.behavioradvisor.com / http://www.disciplinehelp.com / Videos: Class Meeting: a Management Tool /The DSC Way http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=- vCdCoV0JdQ Students being excluded: problem solving in a class meeting /DSC Way http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=GoR_zb5A65E Ms. Noonan: Morning Meeting https:// www.teachingchannel.org/videos/classroom-morning-meeting

“Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.” : 

“Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.” ― Albert Einstein

Learning Compassion: 

Learning Compassion Clip From: “Students being excluded: problem solving in a class meeting”

Building Community in the Classroom: 

Building Community in the Classroom Clip From : “Class Meeting: a Management Tool” The DSC Way

Students Make Decisions About Classroom: 

Students Make Decisions About Classroom Clip From : “Class Meeting: a Management Tool” The DSC Way

Solving Conflicts On Their Own: 

Solving Conflicts On Their Own Clip From : “Class Meeting: a Management Tool” The DSC Way

Changing the Nature of the Task: 

Changing the Nature of the Task Tier 1 Use differentiated instruction Tier 2/3 Make tasks shorter, steps more explicit Give cheat sheets Make of task closed ended, build in variety or choice

Changing Way Cues are Provided: 

Changing Way Cues are Provided Tier 1 Steady system of notating assignments Reminders of due dates Class calendar Tier 2/3 Built in cues, reminders Monitor if assignments are written down Verbal prompts Visual cues Lists Audiotaped cues Pager/text systems

Changing Physical or Social Environment: 

Changing Physical or Social Environment Tier 1 Self control is encouraged when the teacher has full view of the classroom Keeping an organized classroom teaches students organization skills and reduces working memory demand Tier 2/3 Observe if there are items in the class which could be eliminated or added Move students to reduce conflicts

PowerPoint Presentation: 

Template Provided By www.animationfactory.com 500,000 Downloadable PowerPoint Templates, Animated Clip Art, Backgrounds and Videos

Home Problems: 

Home Problems Lack of parental interest, acceptance, role modeling, support neglect , abuse, alcoholism, financial problems, trouble with step-parents or siblings, divorce

Instructional Planning Problems: 

Instructional Planning Problems Irrelevant curriculum and materials Lack of variety in activities Routine seatwork Academic expectations too high Inability of teacher to identify learning problems and get students help

Inflexible, incorrect assumptions regarding student readiness to learn, dull and unenthusiastic teacher performance, overuse of power and authority, lack of rewards, recognition, and encouragement, failure to connect and apply topics with real world and student’s future: 

Inflexible, incorrect assumptions regarding student readiness to learn, dull and unenthusiastic teacher performance, overuse of power and authority, lack of rewards, recognition, and encouragement, failure to connect and apply topics with real world and student’s future

Impersonalized Approach: 

Impersonalized Approach Lack of concern for the individual student’s needs, problems. Interests, strengths, and limitations Failure to recognize student’s learning style and teach accordingly

Lack of Self-Esteem: 

Lack of Self-Esteem Self-concept problems {dislike of body, race, appearance, talents} Lack of confidence, impatience, limited opportunities for legitimate success Lack of future plans

Inadequate Learning Skills: 

Inadequate Learning Skills Inability to plan, set goals, study, concentrate, and prepare for tests Procrastination Lack of desire for self-improvement Poor math, writing, reading skills

Incentive Problems: 

Incentive Problems Inability to explore and identify aspirations/personal goals

Social Skills Problems: 

Social Skills Problems Lack of involvement Lack of interpersonal communication skills Inability to make friends/work as a team member

School and Classroom Climate Problems: 

School and Classroom Climate Problems Lack of student involvement in planning of learning activities Absence of humor Overemphasis on structure and rules

Teacher Personality and Attentiveness: 

Teacher Personality and Attentiveness Pessimistic, condescending, sarcastic, assuming, impatient, prejudiced, intolerant, negative, distant, impersonal

Emotional Adjustment Problems: 

Emotional Adjustment Problems Lack of available guidance and counseling Unresolved inner conflict, anger toward teachers Inability to use coping skills Unacceptance of self Inability to make decisions

Chemical Abuse Problems: 

Chemical Abuse Problems Personal problems with drug and alcohol involvement or dependency Drug/alcohol related family problems