logging in or signing up Planning(ses-6) mannpriyam Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 5057 Category: Business & Fin.. License: All Rights Reserved Like it (5) Dislike it (0) Added: March 19, 2009 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 3 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... By: sherweet (30 month(s) ago) Kindly plz send me this ppt as i feel it will add a value looking for your help to send it to my mail email@example.com Thanks for cooperation Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: bansalujjawal (31 month(s) ago) sir, plz send me this ppt on my email -firstname.lastname@example.org i m vry thnkful to u Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: umeseee (31 month(s) ago) awesum presentation Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: siddhika.cool (32 month(s) ago) nice presentation Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: kavi19 (34 month(s) ago) nice presentation. briefly covers the contents. thanks.pls send me today. Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close loading.... See all Premium member Presentation Transcript Planning : Planning Nature of planning, Importance of planning, Forms of planning, Steps in planning, Limitations of planning email@example.com Slide 2: Beginning of the process of management . It is an intellectual process , requires managers to think. Planning of What? When? How? & Who is? Decision –making integral part of planning. Planning is a continuous process Based on futurity It is goal oriented It is a primary function Planning is all-persuasive Planning is mental exercise Planning involves choice Planning is forward looking Planning is flexible Planning is an integrated process It includes efficiency effectiveness dimensions NATURE OF PLANNING Slide 3: Where are we now?: realistic assessment Where we want to be?: desirable objectives Gap?: amount of differences between How can we get there from here? Planning Questions??? IMPORTANCE PLANNING Minimizes Risk and uncertainty Leads to Success Focuses Attention on the Organization's Goals Facilitates Control Facilitates Decision making Provides direction It Unifying Framework Planning is Economical Encourage Innovations & Creativity Planning improves moral Slide 4: Top-down Approach Bottom-up Approach Composite Approach Team Approach Approaches to Planning Principles to Planning Principle of contribution to objectives Principle of primacy of planning Principle of pervasiveness of planning Principle of flexibility Principle of periodicity Principle of planning premises Principle of limiting force Slide 5: Long-range Planning Short-Range Planning or Operational Planning Tactical or Coordinative Planning Strategic Planning Formal & Informal Planning Functional Planning Corporate Planning Proactive Planning Reactive Planning FORMS OF PLANNING Slide 6: Establishing the objectives or Set Goals to be Achieved Developing Premises Deciding the Planning Period Finding Alternative Courses of Action Evaluating Alternatives & Selection Developing Derivative Plans Measuring & Controlling the Progress STEPS IN PLANNING Slide 7: Rigidity Costly & time Consuming Employee resistance False sense of security Managerial Deficiencies Planning prevents Innovations External Limitations * Difficult to Predict * Projected too far into the future * Emergency situations LIMITATIONS OF PLANNING Slide 8: Proper Climate Top Management Support Participation Communication Integration Monitoring MAKING PLANNING EFFECTIVE Slide 9: Managers’ errors are their subordinates trials You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.