HUMA N RESOURCE PLANNING:-: HUMA N RESOURCE PLANNING:- INDUCTION AND PLACEMENT…. INDUCTION:: INDUCTION: INTRODUCTION:- After an new employee is hired in the organization, it is necessary he or she be familiar to organization philosophies, goals & objectives, policies, procedures, rules & regulations & practices. This orientation is called employee induction. Induction:-: Induction:- Definition:- Induction can be defined as, “the HRM function that systematically & formally introduces new employees to organization, jobs , the work groups to which they will belong & work environment where they will work”. Induction:-: Induction:- Objectives:- To introduce new employees with the organizational environment. To create positive attitude in the minds of the new employees. Help the new employee overcome shyness & nervousness in meeting new people in new environment. Helps in reducing labour turnover. Develop among new employees a sense of belongingness & loyalty to organisation . Induction program:-: Induction program:- Steps in induction program:- An induction program essentially involves the following steps; General orientation Specific orientation Follow-up orientation Induction program:-: Induction program:- General orientation :- It includes guidance tours in different departments of an organization. Some organizations have their printed manuals. The purpose of general orientation program is to build a sense of pride, and also create interest in them about the organization. Induction program:-: Induction program:- Specific orientation:- The purpose of specific orientation is to help new employees to get acclimatized with their new work environment. For executives and managerial employees, targets and key result areas for each of them are given to make them aware of what organization expects from them, Induction program:-: Induction program:- Follow-up orientation:- The follow-up orientation is conducted sometime after the initial induction of an employee, i.e., preferably within a period of 6 months. The purpose of such orientation is to give guidance and counsel to employees to ensure that they are reasonably satisfied. Employee socialization:-: Employee socialization:- Employee orientation and induction is also called employee socialization. Robbins identified that socialization process involves three distinct stages; Pre-arrival stage Encounter stage Metamorphosis stage Stages in employee socialization: Stages in employee socialization Socialization is a continous process,today's organizations being dynamic. Pre-arrival stage:- At this stage individual employees come to an organization with certain values , attitudes and expectations. Encounter stage:- At this stage , perceptions earlier generated by an individual, are reaffirmed Stages in employee socialization : Stages in employee socialization through a well planned induction program. Metamorphosis stage:- At this final stage of socialization, employees understand the organizations and identify then with the organizations. TO keep pace with the changing environment, the organizations are following socialization process which is continuous process. Advantages:-: Advantages:- Builds two way communication channel. Improves relations and team work among employees. To integrate new employees into organization & to develop a sense of belongingness. Reduces employee grievances, labour turnover. PLACEMENT:-: PLACEMENT:- INTRODUCTION:- Placement is a process of assigning a specific job to each of the selected candidates. It involves assigning a specific job and responsibility to an individual. It involves matching the requirements of a job with qualifications of candidates. Placement:-: Placement:- After an induction program is over an employee is put to a specific job for which he has been selected. Most of the organizations put new employees on probation for a specific period. Some organizations also have a system to extend the probationary period, if the employees fail to match to organization expectations. Such placement is known as ‘differential placement”. Placement:-: Placement:- Significance:- It improves employee morale. It helps in reducing employee turnover. It helps in reducing absenteeism. It helps the candidates to work as per predetermined objectives of organization.