Final ppt Corruption_Deadly Disease in India

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Batch-21:Group-6 Kanchan : KHR2010SMBA21P020 Namrata : KHR2009SMBA21P062 Priya : Mangesh :KHR2010SMBA21P029 Amit :KHR2010SMBA21P052 Radha krishna : KHR2010SMBA21P006 Anti corruption

Corruption:

Corruption As with many developing nations, corruption is widespread in India. India is ranked 87 out of a 180 countries in Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index, although its score has improved consistently from 2.7 in 2003 to 3.3 in 2010. Corruption has taken the role of a persistent aspect of Indian politics and administration.

Corruption In Politics:

Corruption In Politics Criminalization of Indian politics is a main problem. The public trust in democratic processes in India is seriously undermined by opaque financing of electoral processes, widespread bribery and other forms of corrupt practices. The recent Global Corruption Barometer reveals that political parties are perceived by Indian citizens as one of the sectors most affected by corruption in the country, with a score of 4.6 on a 5 point scale. Although politicians are regularly involved in major corruption scandals, investigations are rare and very few politicians and civil servants have been convicted.

Corruption In Administration:

Corruption In Administration A 2009 survey of the leading economies of Asia, revealed Indian administration to be not just least efficient out of Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, South Korea, Japan, Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam, China, Philippines and Indonesia, further it was also found that working with the India's civil servants was a "slow and painful" process. Officials often steal state property. In Bihar, more than 80% of the subsidized food aid to poor is stolen. In Government Hospitals, corruption is associated with non availability of medicines (or duplicate medicines), getting admission and consultations with doctors. Cont…..

Corruption In Judiciary:

Corruption In Judiciary Corruption is rampant in the judicial system of India. Court procedures are very slow and complicated, and the court system is severely backlogged and understaffed. This results in delays in the processing of cases, and a loss of confidence in the law and in the justice system. In spite of the various legal provisions in place, the appointment of judges is not always free from political interference.

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YEAR RANK RATING 2004 83 2.8 OUT OF 133 COUNTRIES 2005 90 2.8 OUT OF 145 COUNTRIES 2006 88 2.9 OUT OF 158 COUNTRIES 2007 70 3.3 OUT OF 163 COUNTRIS 2008 72 3.5 OUT OF 179 COUNTRIES 2009 84 3.4 OUT OF 180 COUNTRIES 2010 83 3.3 OUT OF 180 COUNTRIES CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX

Effects:

Effects The chief economic consequences of corruption are the loss to the exchequer. Creates unhealthy climate for investment and an increase in the cost of government-subsidized services. The Transparency International India study estimates the monetary value of petty corruption in 11 basic services provided by the government, like education, healthcare, judiciary, police, etc….., to be around Rs.21,068 cr . High-level corruption and scams are now threatening to derail the country's credibility and economic boom

Deficiencies in the present anti-corruption systems:

Deficiencies in the present anti-corruption systems Anti Corruption System At Central Government Level: 1)Central Vigilance Commission (CVC): Lack of Adequate resources & Merely an advisory body CVC cannot direct CBI to initiate enquiries against any officer of the level of Joint Secretary and above on its own It does not have powers over politicians CVC does not have powers to register criminal case It does not have any direct powers over departmental vigilance wings Appointments to CVC are directly under the control of ruling political party

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2)Departmental Vigilance Wings officers in the vigilance wing of a department are from the same department In some departments, especially in the Ministries , some officials double up as vigilance officials It does not have the powers to register an FIR They also do not have any powers against politicians Deficiencies in the present anti-corruption systems

Deficiencies in the present anti-corruption systems:

3)CBI Overburdened Directly under the administrative control of Central Government Deficiencies in the present anti-corruption systems

Anti-corruption efforts:

Anti-corruption efforts 1) Right to information act: The Right to Information Act was introduced in 2005 It is a law enacted by the Parliament of India giving citizens of India access to records of the Central Government and State Governments. computerization of services and various central and state government acts that established vigilance commissions have considerably reduced corruption or at least have opened up avenues to redress grievances. The 2007 report by Transparency International puts India at the 70th place and states that significant improvements were made by India in reducing corruption. Cont…..

Anti-corruption efforts:

Anti-corruption efforts 2 ) Jan Lokpal Bill : The Lokayukta is an anti- government corruption organization in the Indian states Social welfare worker Anna Hazare has led a movement to compel the Indian Government to notify the Committee for the implementation of the Lokayukta against corruption as an independent body and also giving enough powers to the Lokayukta to also receive corruption complaints against politicians, bureaucrats and even sitting judges. Anna Hazare has achieved this big success through his non-violence measures like fasting till death The public also gave nation-wide support to Anna Hazare in his demand for strong and tough anti-corruption law. Drafted by Justice Santosh Hegde (former Supreme Court Judge and present Lokayukta of Karnataka), Prashant Bhushan (Supreme Court Lawyer) and Arvind Kejriwal (RTI activist). Cont…..

Salient Features of Jan Lokpal Bill:

Salient Features of Jan Lokpal Bill An institution called LOKPAL at the centre and LOKAYUKTA in each state will be set up. They will be completely independent of the governments. Cases against corrupt people will not linger on for years anymore The loss that a corrupt person caused to the government will be recovered at the time of conviction. Lokpal will impose financial penalty on guilty officers, which will be given as compensation to the complainant.

Salient Features of Jan Lokpal Bill Cont…:

Salient Features of Jan Lokpal Bill Cont… Its members will be selected by judges, citizens and constitutional authorities and not by politicians, through a completely transparent and participatory process. Any complaint against any officer of Lokpal shall be investigated and the officer dismissed within two months. CVC, departmental vigilance and anti-corruption branch of CBI will be merged into Lokpal . It will be the duty of the Lokpal to provide protection to those who are being victimized for raising their voice against corruption

Anti-corruption efforts :

Anti-corruption efforts 3) whistleblower: Whistleblowers play a major role in the fight against corruption A whistleblower ( whistle-blower or whistle blower ) is a person who tells the public or someone in authority about alleged dishonest or illegal activities (misconduct) occurring in a government department, a public or private organization, or a company. India currently does not have a law to protect whistleblowers

Anti-corruption police and courts :

Anti-corruption police and courts The income tax department of India, Central Vigilance Commission and Central Bureau of Investigation all deal with anti-corruption initiatives. There have been calls for the Indian government to create an anti-theft law enforcement agency that investigates and prosecutes corruption in government at national, state and local levels. Special courts that are more efficient than the traditional Indian courts with traveling judges and law enforcement agents are being proposed. The proposal has not yet been acted upon by the Indian government. Certain states such as Andhra Pradesh (Andhra Pradesh Anti-corruption Bureau) and Karnataka (Lokayukta) have similar agencies and courts.

Anti-corruption organizations :

Anti-corruption organizations A variety of organizations have been created in India to actively fight against corrupt government and business practices. Notable organizations include: 5th Pillar is most known for the creation of the zero rupee note, a valueless note designed to be given to corrupt officials when they request bribes. India Against Corruption is a movement created by a citizens from a variety of professions to work against corruption in India. It is currently headed by Anna Hazare . Jaago Re! One Billion Votes is an organization originally founded by Tata Tea and Janaagraha to increase youth voter registration. They have since expanded their work to include other social issues, including corruption. Association for Social Transparency, Rights And Action (ASTRA) is an NGO focused on grass-roots work to fight corruption in Karnataka.

Anti corruption websites :

Anti corruption websites Ipaidabribe is a website that is very popular among people who wants to report a bribe they were forced to give. It also gives various reports on corruption basis the information presented to them by the people. Another website is EkakiZunj which is a resource centre for various scams in India and user submitted details of various fraud. Ejanmat is a site which carries out a voting between the government and Anna Hazare's version of Janlokpal bill

Stop Corruption…..Save India :

Stop Corruption …..Save India

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