orientation disturbances

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INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION

DISORDERS OF ORIENTATIONS:

DISORDERS OF ORIENTATIONS BY: E.KANIMOZHI, BISC. NURSING, VII SEMESTER, MTPG&RIHS.

ORIENTATION:

ORIENTATION IT IS A FUNCTION OF THE MIND INVOLVING AWARENESS OF THREE DIMENSIONS. TIME PLACE PERSON

CLASSIFICATION:

CLASSIFICATION ORIENTATION MAY BE CLASSIFIED INTO; TIME PLACE PERSON

ASSESSMENT:

ASSESSMENT TIME: WHAT IS THE DAY TODAY? WHAT IS THE DATE TODAY? WHAT IS THE MONTH? WHAT IS THE YEAR? WHAT IS THE TIME NOW?

PLACE:

PLACE WHICH COUNTRY YOU ARE IN? WHICH DISTRICT? WHICH AREA YOU ARE IN? WHICH FLOOR YOU ARE IN? WHICH CLASS?

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PERSON: WHAT IS YOUR NAME? WHERE ARE YOU FROM? WHER DO YOU CURRENLY LIVE? WHAT KIND OF ACTIVITIES DO YOU ENGAGE IN DURING FREE TIME?

DISORIENTATION:

DISORIENTATION IT IS DEFINED AS THE DISTURBANCE IN ORIENTATION OF TIME, PLACE AND PERSON. IT IS A DISTURBED MENTAL STATE CHARECTERISED BY CONFUSION REGARDING ONE’S RELATIONSHIP TO PHYSICAL SURROUNDINGS TIME OR PERSON. IT MAY BE A SIGN OF UNDERLYING ILLNESS, INJURY OR STRESSFUL SITUATION NOT SEPARATE DISEASE STATE.

CAUSES OF DISORIENTATION:

CAUSES OF DISORIENTATION HYPO GLYCEMIA: DECREASED BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL .

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INSULIN SHOCK: IT IS THE PSYCHIATRIC TREATMENT IN WHICH PATIENTS WERE REPEATLY INJECTED WITH LARGE DOSES OF INSULIN INORDER TO PRODUCE COMAS OVER SEVERAL WEEKS.

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SEIZURE: ABNORMAL ELECTRICAL DISCHARGE FROM THE CEREBRAL CORTEX.

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PANIC ATTACK: EXTREME ANXIETY THAT INVOLVES THE DISORGANIZATION OF PERSONALITY.

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HIGH ANXIETY LEVEL:

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PSYCHOTIC DISORDER:

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STROKE: SUDDEN LOSS OF BRAIN FUNCTION.

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TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK: REVERSIBLE ISCHEMIC NEUROLOGIC DYSFUNCTIONS.

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ANAEMIA:

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CERTAIN MEDICATION:

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MEMORY LOSS:

PROBLEMS OF DISORIENTATION::

PROBLEMS OF DISORIENTATION: DEMENTIA: IT IS A LOSS OF COGNITIVE EXECUTIVE AND MEMORY FUNCTIONS IN A STATE OF ALERTNESS. DEMENTIA LEADS TO THE ORIENTATION IMPAIRMENT, MEMORY IMPAIRMENT.

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DELIRIUM: DISTURBANCE OF COGNITION WHICH IS MANIFESTED BY CONFUSION EXCITEMENT DISORIENTATION, CLOUDING OF CONSCIOUSNESS, HALLUCINATION AND ILLUSION WILL BE PRESENT

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ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE: IT IS A CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE DEGENERATIVE DISORDER OF THE BRAIN CHARACTERISED BY GLOBAL/IMPAIRMENT OF COGNITIVE FUNCTION. DIFFICULT CONCENTRATION MEMORY LOSS DISORIENTATION

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THANK YOU ……

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