Review of Literature

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Review of Literature:

Review of Literature Prof. M.K.Ghadoliya , Director, Jaipur National University, Jaipur

REVIEW of Literature why and How?:

Many Research students are instructed, as part of their research, to perform a literature review , without understanding what it is. Read more:  http://www.experiment-resources.com/what-is-a-literature-review.html#ixzz1QGfAxinx REVIEW of Literature why and How?

Sources essential for Literature Review::

Two types of Sources: Primary: Primary sources are “materials that you are directly writing about, on the basis of the raw materials of your own research.” Secondary: Secondary sources are “books and articles in which other researchers work results of their research based on (their) primary data or sources.” Sources essential for Literature Review:

What is Literature Review?:

A review of literature is an account of what has been published on a topic by other scholars and researchers. A separate Chapter in M.Phil/Ph.D. thesis should highlight your review. It should not be in a mechanical way. A researcher should comment on the review and clearly write his opinion. What is Literature Review?

What is the purpose of Literature Review?:

Purpose is to convey what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are. As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined by a guiding concept (e.g., our research objective, the problem or issue you are discussing, or your argumentative thesis). It is not just a descriptive list of the material available, or a set of summaries What is the purpose of Literature Review?

What is ‘not’ Literature Review?:

Only chronological arrangement of all of the sources is not the review, but an evaluation of the previous research together is essential, All sides of an argument must be clearly explained, to avoid bias, and areas of agreement and disagreement should be highlighted. good literature review should also have some evaluation of the quality and findings of the research. What is ‘not’ Literature Review?

Why do a Literature Review?:

to identify gaps in the research area to avoid repeatation to carry on from where others have already completed to identify and contact other people working in the same fields to the refresh the of knowledge the debate going on the subject Why do a Literature Review?

Why one needs to do Review?:

to identify other researchers views to put your work into wider perspective to identify methods that could be relevant to your project. to identify seminal works in your area to provide the intellectual context for your own work, enabling you to position your project in relation to other work Why one needs to do Review?

Two important objectives ::

Besides enlarging the knowledge about the topic, writing a review lets you gain and demonstrate skills in two areas: information seeking : the ability to scan the literature efficiently, using manual or computerized methods, to identify a set of useful articles and books critical appraisal : the ability to apply principles of analysis to identify unbiased and valid studies Two important objectives :

A literature review must do these things::

be organized around and related directly to the thesis or research question we are developing synthesize results into a summary of what is and is not known identify areas of controversy in the literature formulate questions that need further research A literature review must do these things:

Ask yourself questions like these::

What is the  specific thesis, problem, or research question  that my literature review helps to define? What  type  of literature review am I conducting? Am I looking at issues of theory? methodology? policy? quantitative research (e.g. on the effectiveness of a new procedure)? qualitative research (e.g., studies )? Ask yourself questions like these:

Ask yourself questions like these::

What is the  scope  of my literature review? What types of publications am I using (e.g., journals, books, government documents, popular media)? What discipline am I working in (e.g., para -Medical, Engineering, Humanities, Pharmacy, Education, Journalism, Management? How good was my  information seeking ? Has my search been wide enough to ensure I've found all the relevant material? Has it been narrow enough to exclude irrelevant material? Is the number of sources I've used appropriate for the length of my paper? Ask yourself questions like these:

Important questions::

Have you  critically analysed  the literature You use? Have you followed through a set of concepts and questions, comparing items to each other in the ways they deal with them? Instead of just listing and summarizing items, do Assess and discuss strengths and weaknesses? Will the reader find my literature review  relevant, appropriate, and useful ? Important questions:

Ask questions about each book or article you include to your self::

Has the author formulated a problem/issue? Is it clearly defined? Is its significance (scope, severity, relevance) clearly established? Could the problem have been approached more effectively from another perspective? What was the author's research orientation (e.g., interpretive, critical, or scientific)? What was the author's theoretical framework (e.g., psychological, developmental, feminist)? Ask questions about each book or article you include to your self:

Ask yourself questions like these about each book or article you include::

Has the author evaluated the literature relevant to the problem/issue? Does the author include literature taking positions she or he does not agree with? In a research study, how good are the basic components of the study design (e.g., population, intervention, outcome)? How accurate and valid are the measurements? Is the analysis of the data accurate and relevant to the research question? Are the conclusions validly based upon the data and analysis? Ask yourself questions like these about each book or article you include:

Ask yourself questions like these about each book or article you include::

How does the author structure the argument? where it breaks down logically (e.g., in establishing cause-effect relationships)? In what ways does this book or article contribute to our understanding of the problem under study, and in what ways is it useful for practice? What are the strengths and limitations? How does this book or article relate to the specific thesis or question I am developing? Ask yourself questions like these about each book or article you include:

References:

References Include references carefully for all the books, articles, web site and give their complete address separately following the standard pattern of you discipline. Do not include review of studies that you have not seen yourself otherwise you will face the problems in Viva voce examination. Follow the pattern of your discipline while giving bibliography

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