The Olympian Zeus

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7 Wonders of the Ancient World : 

7 Wonders of the Ancient World Statue of Zeus at Olympia

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 1.) Even though the Gods and Goddesses were immortal and had superhuman powers, they were not very god-like. They were like average men and women, with human failings, jealousies, and rivalries. This is what made the Greeks so attracted to them.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 2.) Zeus was the mightiest of the Greek Gods because he was the ruler of Mount Olympus and the Pantheon of Gods. He started and ended the war against the Titans. He upheld the law, justice and morals. He was the ruler of all the deities except the Fates

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 3.) The Greek Deities lived on Mount Olympus.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 4.) The main center of worship for the Greeks was the Plain of Olympia. It was located in the Peloponnesus of southern Greece. The Olympic Games took place here every four years. A temple to Zeus was built in the sacred grove of Olympia.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 5.) The Olympic games were held to honor Zeus. They helped to unify the Greek city-states. Sacred truce was declared during the games and wars were stopped.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 6.) The Greeks thought that it was obvious that a new, larger temple, that was worthy of the King of the Gods should be built.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 7.) The architect who designed the Temple of Zeus was Libon of Elis. It was finished in 456 B.C.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 8.) The temple was built on a raised rectangular platform. It had 13 large columns on each side and 6 on each end. There was 34 columns total surrounding the building. Right above the Columns was a sculpture of the twelve labors of Heracles (six on each end). The temple was built with Doric design.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 9.) The statue of Zeus was commissioned for the temple because it was decided that the temple was too simple for the king of the Gods.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 10.) Phidias was chosen to sculpt the statue because he was considered one of the greatest Greek sculptors.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 11.) The statue was located at the western end of the Temple. It was 22 feet wide and no less than 40 feet tall (59 feet).

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 13.) In the right hand of the statue was a sculpture of Nike (the goddess of victory) and in the left hand was a scepter topped with an eagle.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 14.) The throne was made out of gold, ebony, ivory, and inlaid with precious stones. Figures of Greek Gods and mystical animals like the Sphinx were carved into the chair.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 15.) The flesh parts of the statue were made of ivory. The beard, hair, and robe were made of gold.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 16.) The humidity of Olympia was so high that in order to prevent the statue from cracking, they had to lube it up in oil constantly. Phidias’s descendants were responsible for treating the statue constantly with the oil.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 17.) Very little was inside the Temple other than the statue. Greek architects liked their temples to be simple.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 18.) The Lincoln Memorial and the Jefferson Memorial were built in the same style as the Temple of Zeus. They have very much in common.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 19.) Coins with pictures of the temple gave researchers clues to what the statue and temple looked like.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 20.) Phidias‘s fate would be accusation of stealing gold and carving his face into the statue found on the Parthenon. He was thrown in jail to wait for his trail, but he died before his trial took place.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 21.) The Roman emperor Caligula wanted to take the statue to Rome and have the statue’s head replaced with a carving of his own head.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 22.) The statue of Zeus was in the temple until 392 AD. The statue was moved to Constantinople where it was burned in 462 AD.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 23.) In 1829, French explorers found outlines of the temple and fragments of the sculpture showing the labors of Heracles. In 1875, a group of German explorers found more fragments of the temple’s sculpture and they located the remains of the pool in the floor that contained the oil. An excavation in 1950 uncovered the workshop of Phidias underneath a Christian Church. Archaeologists found sculptors tools, a pit for casting Bronze, clay molds, modeling plaster and much more.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia 24.) Little is left in the temple today except for some columns. All of the statue is gone and some of the building’s ruins are there.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia The statue of Zeus is in the video game Zeus: Master of Olympus and God of War. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WvNiDY4W4LU 6:00

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia This is a just a cool picture of Zeus.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia : 

Statue of Zeus at Olympia SOURCES: http://www.unmuseum.org/ztemp.htm http://www.crystalinks.com/statuezeusolympia.html http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&q=statue%20of%20zeus%20at%20olympus&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wi http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&um=1&sa=1&q=Temple+of+Zeus&btnG=Search+Images&aq=f&oq= http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WvNiDY4W4LU

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