Vocabulary

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..VOCABULARY..:

..VOCABULARY.. Submitted by: AATISH, SAURAV, PRASHANT, ANUJ, MAYANK

Definition ::

Definition : person's vocabulary is the set of words within a language that are familiar to that person. A vocabulary usually develops with age, and serves as a useful and fundamental tool for communication and acquiring knowledge. Acquiring an extensive vocabulary is one of the largest challenges in learning a second language.

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Types of vocabulary : We have features for every step of the way 1 Reading vocabulary 2 Listening vocabulary Speaking vocabulary 3

Reading vocabulary..:

Reading vocabulary.. A literate person's reading vocabulary is all the words he or she can recognize when reading. 1

Listening vocabulary..:

2 Listening vocabulary.. person ’ s listening vocabulary is all the words he or she can recognize when listening to speech. This vocabulary is aided in size by context and tone of voice.

Speaking vocabulary..:

3 Speaking vocabulary.. A person's speaking vocabulary is all the words he or she can use in speech.

The importance of a vocabulary ?!:

The importance of a vocabulary ?!

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An extensive vocabulary aids expressions and communication. Vocabulary size has been directly linked to reading comprehension . Linguistic vocabulary is synonymous with thinking vocabulary . A person may be judged by others based on his or her vocabulary.

Native- and foreign-language vocabulary..:

Native- and foreign-language vocabulary..

native-language vocabulary..:

Native speakers' vocabularies vary widely within a language, and are especially dependent on the level of the speaker's education. A 1995 study estimated the vocabulary size of college-educated speakers at about 8000 words and that of first-year college students (high-school educated) at about 5000 . native-language vocabulary..

Foreign-language vocabulary.. :

Foreign-language vocabulary.. learning vocabulary is one of the first steps of learning a second language, yet a learner never finishes vocabulary acquisition. Whether in one’s native language or a second language, the acquisition of new vocabulary is a continual process. Many methods can help one acquire new vocabulary.

Memorization :

Memorization Although memorization can be seen as tedious or boring, associating one word in the native language with the corresponding word in the second language until memorized is considered one of the best methods of vocabulary acquisition. By the time students reach adulthood, they generally have gathered a number of personalized memorization methods. Although many argue that memorization does not typically require the complex cognitive processing that increases retention.

The Keyword Method:

The Keyword Method One useful method to build vocabulary in a second language is the keyword method. When additional time is available or one wants to emphasize a few key words, one can create mnemonic devices or word associations. Although these strategies tend to take longer to implement and may take longer in recollection, they create new or unusual connections that can increase retention. The keyword method requires deeper cognitive processing, thus increasing the likelihood of retention

Controlled vocabulary:

Controlled vocabulary Several word lists have been developed to provide people with a limited vocabulary either quick language proficiency or an effective means of communication Basic English (850 ) , Special English (1500 words) and Oxford 3000. The knowledge of 3000 English words provides a comprehension of most of the English language, enough to render one literate.

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What’s Your Message? Thank you for your listening ..

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