Rural and Urban Livelihood

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PowerPoint Presentation:

Rural and Urban Livelihood

Rural Livelihood:

Where the people are engaged in primary industry in the sense that they produce things directly for the first time in cooperation with nature. Rural areas are also known as ‘Countryside’ or ‘Village’ in India. Rural Livelihood

PowerPoint Presentation:

About 71% of India's population is rural and 29% is under the national poverty line. 46% of rural children under five, 40% of adult women and 38% of adult men are underweight. Most of the rural population depends on primary activities like fishing, farming, herding and mining.

Main Features Of Villages:

Main Features Of Villages Community Religion Agriculture


Community They have a sense of unity and a feeling of belongingness towards each other.


Religion F aith in religion and universal power is found in the life of the villages.

Agriculture :

Agriculture Main occupation is agriculture which involves dependence on nature. Nature gives the livelihood to them. Farmers worship forces of nature.

Life of rural people:

Life of rural people Lifestyles in rural areas are different than those in urban areas, mainly because limited services are available. Governmental services like law enforcement, schools, fire departments, and libraries may be distant, limited in scope, or unavailable. Utilities like water, sewer, street lighting, and garbage collection may not be present. Public transport is sometimes absent or very limited, people use their own vehicles, walk or ride an animal.

Rural Development:

Rural Development Rural Development is all about bringing change among rural community from the traditional way of living to progressive way of living. It is also expressed as movement for progress.

Development in Rural Areas can bring:

Development in Rural Areas can bring

Objectives of Rural Development:

To develop farm, home, public service and village community. To bring improvement in producing of cropland animals living condition. To improve health and education condition etc. improvement of the rural people. To improve villagers with their own efforts. To improve village communication. Objectives of Rural Development

Problems in Rural Development:

Problems in Rural Development People related Agricultural related problems Infrastructure related problems Economic problems Social and Cultural problems Leadership related problems Administrative problem

Urban Livelihood:

Urban Livelihood Urbanization in India was mainly caused after independence, due to adoption of mixed system of economy by the country which gave rise to the development of private sector. Urbanization is taking place at a faster rate in India.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Urban Population 286 Million Urban Population 28% No of Urban Agglomerations/Towns 5,161 towns No of Metropolitan Cities 35 cities Metropolitan Population Share 38% Share of Cities with Population > 50000 74% Urban Contribution to GDP 60%

Causes of urbanization :

Causes of urbanization Expansion in government services, as a result of Second World War Migration of people from Pakistan after partition of India The Industrial Revolution. Eleventh five year plan that aimed at urbanization for the economic development of India. Economic opportunities are just one reason people move into cities. Infrastructure facilities in the urban areas. Growth of private sector after 1990 .

Consequences of Urbanization :

Consequences of Urbanization Rapid rise in urban population, in India, is leading to many problems like increasing slums, decrease in standard of living in urban areas, also causing environmental damage. The Industrial Revolution in the 18th century caused countries like United States and England to become superpower nations but the present condition is worsening. India's urban growth rate is 2.07% which seems to be significant compared to Rwanda with 7.6%.

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T h a n k Y o u

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