Slide 1: Frigid Zone The Earth’s climate can be divided into general climate zones according to average temperatures.
Scientist classify localized climates as microclimates.
The three major climate zones on the Earth are the polar, temperate, and tropical zones. Slide 2: The axial tilt of the Earth has a major effect on climate of the polar regions. Since the polar regions are the farthest from the equator, they receive the least amount of sunlight and are therefore frigid. Slide 3: Earth's polar regions are the areas of the globe surrounding the poles also known as frigid zones. The North Pole and South Pole being the centers, these regions are dominated by the polar ice caps, resting respectively on the Arctic Ocean and the continent of Antarctica. Slide 4: In each hemisphere, the polar zone extends from the pole to about 60 degrees latitude. In polar zones, the average yearly temperature is below freezing. There are some areas in the polar zones, such as the northern coasts of Canada and Alaska and the southern tip of South America, where the snow melts during the warmest part of the year. Polar Zones Slide 5: HIGHLAND CLIMATEMOUNTAIN AREAS WHERE THE HIGHER IN ALTITUDE THE COOLER THE AIR TEMPERATURE Sea Level 1,000 ft 3,300 ft 6,600 ft 9,900 ft 13,200 ft 16,500 ft 19,800 ft 81°F 77°F 70°F 57°F 49°F 34°F 21°F 9°F *Guayaquil *Quito Hot Zone Temperate Zone Cold Zone Tundra Snow cap Slide 6: TUNDRA CLIMATELONG BITTERY COLD WINTERS WITH VERY SHORT COOL SUMMERS. SUMMERS GET CONSTANT LIGHT BUT LITTLE HEAT FROM THE SUN. Slide 7: POLAR ICE CAP CLIMATEALWAYS COVERED WITH SNOW AND ICE. BITTERLY COLD ALL YEAR AROUND WITH LITTLE TO NO PRECIPITATION. Slide 10: Animals of Polar Region The tundra includes the following animals: caribou, arctic fox, musk ox, reindeer, polar bears, brown bears, lemmings, snow owls, and puffins