characterization of biofield energy treated 3chloronitrobenzene

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Research Article Open Access Trivedi et al. Int J Waste Resources 2015 5:4 http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2252-5211.1000183 Research Article Open Access International Journal of Waste Resources Volume 5 • Issue 4 • 1000183 Int J Waste Resources ISSN: 2252-5211 IJWR an open access journal Keywords: Biofeld energy treatment 3-Chloronitrobenzene X-ray difraction study Termogravimetric analysis Diferential scanning calorimetry UV-Visible spectroscopy Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy Abbreviations: 3-CNB: 3-Chloronitrobenzene NCCAM: National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine NIH: National Institute of Health XRD: X-ray difraction TGA: Termogravimetric analysis DTG: Derivative thermogravimetry FT-IR: Fourier transform infrared Introduction Chlorobenzene is an aromatic colourless and fammable organic compound present in the form of liquid that is widely used as intermediate for the manufacturing of other chemicals. Te chlorination of benzene results in the production of monochlorobenzene that has been used for the synthesis of diphenyl oxide chloronitrobenzenes CNBs and sulfone polymers. Apart from that it is also used in the manufacturing of phenol pigment intermediate and dioctyl phenol 12. CNBs that are an important end product of monochlorobenzenes possess three isomeric forms i.e. 2- CNB 3- CNB and 4- CNB. Tese isomers structurally difer from each other in terms of the position of the nitro group in the benzene ring with respect to the chloro group however they possess similar chemical pharmacological and toxicological properties 34. Tey are used as intermediates in the manufacturing of substitute phenyl carbamates pharmaceuticals e.g. acetaminophen pesticides e.g. parathion and carbofuran and rubber- processing chemicals 5-7. Moreover 3-chloronitrobenzene 3-CNB a yellow crystalline solid plays a very important role as precursor due to the presence of two reactive sites. It can be chlorinated for producing pentachloronitrobenzene that is used as a fungicide and in the manufacturing of various agrochemicals. 3-chloroaniline Orange GC Base a dye intermediate is produced from 3-CNB via hydrogenation process 8. Due to their wide application in the chemical industry the CNBs are directly released into the environment. Teir presence has been mainly found in water and fshes 9. 3-CNB has the ability to enter in the environment through the chlorination of drinking water. Moreover Rivera et al. found 3- CNB as a main pollutant during their research in Spain 10. All these circumstances create a need for some alternative strategy which could be helpful for these chemicals to improve the yield efciency and reducing the environmental hazards. Biofeld energy treatment recently came in focus due to its ability to make alterations in various living organisms and non-living objects. It is a type of energy healing therapies that are also recommended by National Institute of Health NIH/National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine NCCAM 11. Te term ‘biofeld’ is related to the biological energy feld central to the life and thought to be produced from the physical processes emotions and thoughts of the human being 12. It may interact with the environmental processes and the emissions of other individuals. Te frequency of these radiations depends on the physiological mental emotional and spiritual state of the person 13. Te non-living objects also possess the energy aura in the form of electromagnetic radiations due to their atomic and molecular Corresponding author: Snehasis Jana Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd. Hall-A Chinar Mega Mall Chinar Fortune City Hoshangabad Rd. Bhopal- 462026 Madhya Pradesh India Tel: 91-755-6660006 E-mail: publication trivedieffect.com Received September 19th 2015 Accepted October 01 2015 Published October 08 2015 Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Singh R et al. 2015 Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated 3-Chloronitrobenzene: Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Studies. J Waste Resources 5: 183. doi: 10.4172/2252-5211.1000183 Copyright: © 2015 Trivedi MK et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are credited. Abstract The chloronitrobenzenes are widely used as the intermediates in the production of pharmaceuticals pesticides and rubber processing chemicals. However due to their wide applications they are frequently released into the environment thereby creating hazards. The objective of the study was to use an alternative strategy i.e. biofeld energy treatment and analysed its impact on the physical thermal and spectral properties of 3-chloronitrobenzene 3-CNB. For the study the 3-CNB sample was taken and divided into two groups named as control and treated. The analytical techniques used were X-ray diffraction XRD thermogravimetric analysis TGA differential scanning calorimetry DSC UV-Visible UV-Vis and Fourier transform infrared FT-IR spectroscopy. The treated group was subjected to the biofeld energy treatment and analysed using these techniques against the control sample. The XRD data showed an alteration in relative intensity of the peak along with 30 decrease in the crystallite size of the treated sample as compared to the control. The TGA studies revealed the decrease in onset temperature of degradation from 140ºC control to 120°C while maximum thermal degradation temperature was changed from 157.61ºC control to 150.37ºC in the treated sample as compared to the control. Moreover the DSC studies revealed the decrease in the melting temperature from 51°C control →47°C in the treated sample. Besides the UV-Vis and FT-IR spectra of the treated sample did not show any signifcant alteration in terms of wavelength and frequencies of the peaks respectively from the control sample. The overall study results showed the impact of biofeld energy treatment on the physical and thermal properties of 3-CNB that can further affect its use as a chemical intermediate and its fate in the environment. Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated 3-Chloronitrobenzene: Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Studies Mahendra Kumar Trivedi 1 Alice Branton 1 Dahryn Trivedi 1 Gopal Nayak 1 Ragini Singh 2 and Snehasis Jana 2 1 Trivedi Global Inc. 10624 S Eastern Avenue Suite A-969 Henderson NV 89052 USA 2 Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd. Hall-A Chinar Mega Mall Chinar Fortune City Hoshangabad Rd. Bhopal- 462026 Madhya Pradesh India

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Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Singh R et al. 2015 Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated 3-Chloronitrobenzene: Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Studies . J Waste Resources 5: 183. doi: 10.4172/2252-5211.1000183 Page 2 of 6 Volume 5 • Issue 4 • 1000183 Int J Waste Resources ISSN: 2252-5211 IJWR an open access journal of 5ºC/min under air atmosphere. From TGA/DTG curve the onset temperature T onset temperature at which sample start losing weight and T max maximum thermal degradation temperature were recorded. Diferential scanning calorimetry DSC study: DSC analysis of control and treated sample was done to analyse the melting behaviour of sample and it was carried out using Perkin Elmer/Pyris-1. Each sample was accurately weighed and hermetically sealed in aluminium pans and heated at a rate of 10°C/min under air atmosphere 5 mL/ min. Te thermogram was collected over the temperature range of 45°C to 250°C. An empty pan sealed with cover pan was used as a reference sample. UV-Vis spectroscopic analysis: For UV-Vis spectroscopic analysis the treated sample was divided into two groups served as T1 and T2. Te analysis was measured using Shimadzu UV-2400 PC series spectrophotometer. Te spectrum was recorded with 1 cm quartz cell having a slit width of 2.0 nm over a wavelength range of 200-400 nm. In this method the wavelength of light absorbed by the sample depends on the structure of the sample. With UV-Vis spectroscopy it is possible to investigate electron transfer between orbitals or bands of atoms ions and molecules from the ground state to the frst excited state 22. Fourier transform-infrared FT-IR spectroscopic characterization: For FT-IR characterization the treated sample was divided into two groups named T1 and T2. Te samples were crushed into fne powder for analysis and followed by mixing in the spectroscopic grade KBr in an agate mortar. Ten the sample was pressing into pellets with a hydraulic press. FT-IR spectra were recorded on Shimadzu’s Fourier transform infrared spectrometer Japan. FT-IR spectra are generated by the absorption of electromagnetic radiation in the frequency range 4000-400 cm -1 . With the help of FT-IR analysis the impact of biofeld treatment on bond strength rigidity and stability of 3-CNB compound can be analysed 23. Results and Discussion XRD study Te XRD difractograms of control and treated 3-CNB are presented in Figure 1. Te XRD difractogram of control 3-NCB showed the occurrence of intense crystalline peaks at 2θ equal to 15.62º 15.81º 17.35º 17.47º and 25.29º. However the treated sample showed XRD peak at 2θ equal to 25.20º. Te sharp peaks on the difractograms of the control and treated samples confrm the crystalline nature of 3-CNB 24. Moreover a single sharp peak observed in the treated sample as compared to multiple peaks in the control. It is possible that the crystalline planes may reoriented in the same direction afer biofeld treatment and that might be the probable cause for the emergence of single difraction peak in the treated sample. In addition the relative intensity of the difracted peak in the treated sample was higher as comparison to the control. It is reported that the alteration in relative intensities of the peaks may occur due to change in the crystal morphology 25. Tus it is assumed that the energy was transferred through the biofeld treatment and it probably altered the morphology of the 3-CNB molecules. Besides the average crystallite size was found as 121.67 nm in the control and 84.8 nm in the treated sample of 3-CNB. Te percentage reduction in crystallite size was 30.30. It is assumed that there is presence of severe internal strain due to biofeld energy treatment that might be a reason for fracturing the grains into sub grains that lead to decrease in crystallite size of the treated sample 19. It was reported that decrease in crystallite size might fasten the rate kinetics in the chemical reactions 26. 3-CNB is used as a vibrations. Te non-living objects cannot change this energy parameter by more than 2 whereas the human being can change it drastically by the natural exchange process from the environment 1415. Tus the human has the ability to harness the energy from the environment or universe and can transmit it to any living or non-living objects around the Globe. Te objects always receive the energy and responding to the useful way. Tis process is known as biofeld energy treatment. Mr. Trivedi is well known to possess a unique biofeld energy treatment Te Trivedi Efect ® that has been reported for causing alterations in various research feld viz. microbiology 16 agriculture 17 and biotechnology 18. Besides that the impact of biofeld treatment was also reported on physical thermal and spectral properties of various metals and organic compounds 19-21. Hence the current study was conceptualized to evaluate the impact of Mr. Trivedi’s biofeld energy treatment on the physical thermal and spectral properties of 3-CNB using various analytical methods. Materials and Methods 3-chloronitrobenzene 3-CNB was procured from Loba Chemie Pvt. Ltd. India. Te sample was divided into two parts the frst one was kept as a control while another was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofeld energy treatment and coded as treated sample. Te treated group was handed over to Mr. Trivedi in sealed pack for biofeld treatment under standard laboratory condition. Mr. Trivedi provided the treatment to the treated group without touching the sample through his energy transmission process. Te biofeld treated sample was further characterized using the standard protocols of X-ray difraction thermogravimetric analysis diferential scanning calorimetry UV-Vis and FT-IR spectroscopic characterization. Characterization X-ray difraction XRD study: X-ray powder difractogram were obtained on Phillips Holland PW 1710 X-ray difractometer system. Te X-ray generator was equipped with a copper anode with nickel flter operating at 35kV and 20 mA. Te wavelength of radiation used by the XRD system was 1.54056 Å. Te data were collected in the 2θ range of 10°-99.99°. Te step size was 0.02° and the counting time was kept at 0.5 seconds per step. Te data obtained from the XRD analysis was in the form of a chart of 2θ vs. intensity. It data showed a detailed table that contains peak intensity counts d value Å peak width θ ° and relative intensity . Te crystallite size G was calculated from the Scherrer equation with the method based on the width of the difraction patterns obtained in the X-ray difracted in the crystalline region. G kλ/bCosθ Where k is the equipment constant 0.94 λ is the X-ray wavelength 0.154 nm b in radians is the full-width at half of the peak and θ the corresponding Bragg angle. However percent change in crystallite size was calculated using the following equation: Percent change in crystallite size G t -G c /G c ×100 Where G c and G t are crystallite size of control and treated powder sample respectively. Termogravimetric analysis/ Derivative Termogravimetry TGA/DTG: It showed the efect of temperature on the stability of the control and treated samples of 3-CNB. Te samples were analysed using Mettler Toledo simultaneous thermogravimetric analyser TGA/ DTG and heated from room temperature to 350ºC with a heating rate

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Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Singh R et al. 2015 Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated 3-Chloronitrobenzene: Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Studies . J Waste Resources 5: 183. doi: 10.4172/2252-5211.1000183 Page 3 of 6 Volume 5 • Issue 4 • 1000183 Int J Waste Resources ISSN: 2252-5211 IJWR an open access journal precursor and intermediate in various chemical reactions. Hence the decrease in crystallite size might enhance the percentage yield of end products by fastening the rate of chemical reaction. Besides the smaller crystallite size exposed a higher crystallite edge surface that might help in increased rate of degradation 27. Hence the decreased crystallite size in biofeld energy treated 3-CNB sample may fasten the rate of degradation of 3-CNB molecules from environment either through the process of volatilization or vaporization 2829. TGA studies Te TGA thermogram of the control and treated 3-CNB are shown in Figure 2 and data is reported in Table 1. Te control 3-CNB showed the occurrence of one step thermal degradation pattern. Te thermal degradation commenced at 140ºC and completed at 182ºC. During this process the sample showed major weight loss 52.13 that might be due to vaporization of the 3-CNB molecules. Te temperature at which maximum vaporization occurred in the control sample Tmax was observed at 157.61ºC as shown by the DTG thermogram. Te TGA thermogram of the treated 3-CNB showed single step thermal degradation between 120ºC-179ºC. During this thermal event the treated sample showed rapid vaporization and weight loss 78.23. Te DTG thermogram of treated 3-CNB showed a decrease in Tmax and it was observed at 150.37ºC. Moreover the thermal stability was reported to be directly related to the crystallite size 30. Hence it was assumed that the decrease in crystallite size due to biofeld energy treatment might be responsible for the decrease in thermal stability of the treated sample as compared to the control. Moreover it was previously reported Control Treated Figure 1: XRD diffractograms of control and treated samples of 3-chloronitrobenzene. Control Treated Figure 2: TGA/DTG thermograms of control and treated samples of 3-chloronitrobenzene. Parameter Control Treated Percent change Onset temperature ºC 140 120 -14.29 Endset temperature ºC 182 179 -1.65 T max ºC 157.61 150.37 -4.59 Percent weight loss 52.13 78.23 46.23 Melting point ºC 51 47 -7.84 Table 1: Thermal analysis of control and treated samples of 3-chloronitrobenzene. T max : temperature at which maximum vaporization occur that the rate of reaction was afected by the state of reactant and gases reacts faster than solids and liquids. On the other hand the decreased vaporization temperature indicates that the molecules of 3-CNB may change their phase at low temperature 31. Also the percent weight loss was more in the treated sample 78.23 than the control sample 52.13 which also supports the fast vaporization of the treated sample. Hence it was assumed that the decrease in vaporization temperature and increased vaporization process in biofeld treated sample might fasten the reaction kinetics. Besides the environmental fate of 3-CNB from the aquatic surface and the moist soil surface is expected through the volatilization and vaporization process 2829. Trough this process the 3-CNB molecules reached in the atmosphere in vapour phase and degrade there by reacting with photochemically

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Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Singh R et al. 2015 Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated 3-Chloronitrobenzene: Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Studies . J Waste Resources 5: 183. doi: 10.4172/2252-5211.1000183 Page 4 of 6 Volume 5 • Issue 4 • 1000183 Int J Waste Resources ISSN: 2252-5211 IJWR an open access journal produced hydroxyl radicals 32. Hence due to the decrease in vaporization temperature the biofeld treated 3-CNB molecule may get easily vaporised from the water and soil surface. Tis process may help the fast degradation of 3-CNB from the environment by decreasing the volatilization and vaporization half-life. DSC analysis Te result of DSC analysis was reported in Table 1. Te control sample exhibited a sharp endothermic peak at 51°C whereas the treated sample showed a sharp peak at 47°C. Te peaks were due to the melting of control and treated samples respectively of 3-CNB. Te result showed about 8 decrease in melting temperature of the treated sample as compared to the control. It was reported that the melting points of the samples increased due to an increase in crystallite size and vice versa 33. It might be a possible reason for the decrease in melting temperature of the treated sample as it was evident from XRD studies that crystallite size was reduced in treated sample as compared to the control. Te decrease in melting temperature might be advantageous for 3-CNB to be used as a chemical intermediate as it helps in accelerating the reaction rate. UV-Vis spectroscopic analysis Te UV spectra of control and treated samples of 3-CNB are shown in Figure 3. Te UV spectrum of control sample showed characteristic absorption peaks at 209 and 257 nm. Te spectrum was well supported by the literature 3435. Te treated sample also showed absorption of light at the similar wavelength. Te peaks were appeared at 208 and 256 nm in T1 while in T2 sample at 209 and 257 nm. It suggested that biofeld treatment may not cause any change in structure or position of the functional group as well as the energy that is responsible for electronic transitions between highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital. FT-IR analysis Te FT-IR spectra of the control and treated samples are shown in Figure 4. Te spectra showed characteristic vibrational frequencies as follows: Nitrogen- oxygen vibrations: In the present study the NO 2 asymmetric stretching vibration was observed at 1523 cm -1 in all three samples i.e. control T1 and T2. Similarly the NO 2 symmetric stretching vibration was observed at 1348 cm -1 in the control and 1346 cm -1 in the treated T1 and T2 samples. Te peak responsible for NO 2 deformation was observed at 538 cm -1 in control and T1 sample and 540 cm -1 in T2 sample. Moreover the NO 2 rocking vibration peak was appeared at 499 cm -1 in all three samples i.e. control and T1 and T2. Carbon- hydrogen vibrations: Te peak of aromatic C-H stretching was observed at 3101 cm -1 in the control sample similarly in T1 sample the peak was observed at 3101 cm -1 and in T2 3101 cm -1 . Moreover the peaks due to C-H out of plane bending were appeared at 748 and 732 cm -1 in the control sample. Tese peaks were observed at 743 and 732 cm -1 in T1 sample and 748 and 731 cm -1 in T2 sample. Ring vibration: Several bands from overtone and combination were appeared in the range of 1992-1732 cm -1 due to meta di- substituted benzene in the control sample. Te similar bands were observed in T1 and T2 samples in the range of 1992-1782 cm -1 and 1990-1782 cm -1 respectively. Moreover the peak due to CC aromatic stretching was Control T1 T2 Figure 3: UV-Vis spectra of control and treated samples of 3-chloronitrobenzene. Control T1 T2 Figure 4: FT-IR spectra of control and treated samples of 3-chloronitrobenzene.

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Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Singh R et al. 2015 Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated 3-Chloronitrobenzene: Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Studies . J Waste Resources 5: 183. doi: 10.4172/2252-5211.1000183 Page 5 of 6 Volume 5 • Issue 4 • 1000183 Int J Waste Resources ISSN: 2252-5211 IJWR an open access journal observed at 1602 cm -1 in all three samples i.e. control and T1 and T2. Similarly the peak due to ring stretching was observed at 1577 cm -1 in all three samples i.e. control and T1 and T2. C-Cl vibration: A prominent peak due to C-Cl stretching was observed at 810 cm -1 in all three samples i.e. control T1 and T2. Te overall FT-IR analysis was supported by the literature data 3637 and showed that there was no signifcant diference between observed frequencies of control and treated samples. Hence it suggested that biofeld energy treatment might not induce any signifcant change at bonding level. Conclusion From the overall study it was observed that the crystallite size of the treated sample was reduced by 30 that suggests the probable increase in internal strain may be due to the impact of biofeld energy treatment. Te decreased crystallite size might help in fastening the reaction kinetics when used as intermediate as well as the enhanced rate of degradation of 3-CNB molecules. Te XRD results were also supported by thermal analysis data. Te TGA analysis revealed an increase in vaporization temperature and decrease in thermal stability of treated sample as compared to the control. It may occur due to the decrease in crystallite size of the treated sample and it may help in the fast degradation of 3-CNB from the environment. Te DSC analysis showed a decrease in melting temperature of the treated sample as compared to the control that might further relate with the decreased crystallite size of the treated sample. It also might advantageous for 3-CNB to be used as chemical intermediate as it helps in fastening the reaction rate. Te study concluded the impact of Mr. Trivedi’s biofeld energy treatment on the physical and thermal properties of the 3-CNB sample that probably help in increasing the reaction kinetics of sample along with possible enhancement in its rate of degradation from the environment. Acknowledgement The authors would like to acknowledge the whole team from the Sophisticated Analytical Instrument Facility SAIF Nagpur and MGV Pharmacy College Nashik for providing the instrumental facility. Authors are very grateful for the support of Trivedi Science Trivedi Master Wellness and Trivedi Testimonials in this research work. References 1. Popp P Bruggemann L Keil P Thuss U Weiss H 2000 Chlorobenzenes and hexachlorocyclohexanes HCHs in the atmosphere of Bitterfeld and Leipzig Germany. Chemosphere 41: 849-855. 2. Kellersohn T 2003 Ullmanns encyclopedia of industrial chemistry. 6 th edn Wiley-VCH Verlag Weinheim Germany. 3. Cralley LJ Cralley LV Bus JS 1982 Patty’s industrial hygiene and toxicology. 3 rd edn John Wiley and Sons New York. 4. Davydova SG 1967 A comparison of the properties of nitrochlorobenzene isomers for the determination of their permissible concentrations in water bodies. Hyg Sanit 32: 161-166. 5. Surrey AR Hammer HF 1946 Some 7-substituted 4-aminoquinoline derivatives. J Am Chem Soc 68: 113-116. 6. Pilaniappan S 2000 Chemical copolymerization of aniline with o-chloroaniline: Thermal stability by spectral studies. Polym Int 49: 659-662. 7. Ding Y Padias AB Hall Jr. HK 1999 Chemical trapping experiments support a cation-radical mechanism for the oxidative polymerization of aniline. J Polym Sci A Polym Chem 37: 2569-2579. 8. Booth G 2000 Nitro compounds aromatic. Ullmanns Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Wiley-VCH Weinheim. 9. 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Hunger M Weitkamp J 2001 In situ IR NMR EPR and UV/Vis spectroscopy: Tools for new insight into the mechanisms of heterogeneous catalysis. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 40: 2954-2971. 23. Coates J 2000 Interpretation of infrared spectra a practical approach. Encyclopedia of analytical chemistry. John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Chichester. 24. Rudrangi SR Bhomia R Trivedi V Vine GJ Mitchell JC et al. 2015 Infuence of the preparation method on the physicochemical properties of indomethacin and methyl-β-cyclodextrin complexes. Int J Pharm 479: 381-390. 25. Inoue M Hirasawa I 2013 The relationship between crystal morphology and XRD peak intensity on CaSO 4 •2H 2 O. J Cryst Growth 380: 169-175. 26. Chaudhary AL Sheppard DA Paskevicius M Pistidda C Dornheim M et al. 2015 Reaction kinetic behaviour with relation to crystallite/grain size dependency in the Mg–Si–H system. Acta Mater 95: 244-253. 27. 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Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Singh R et al. 2015 Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated 3-Chloronitrobenzene: Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Studies . J Waste Resources 5: 183. doi: 10.4172/2252-5211.1000183 Page 6 of 6 Volume 5 • Issue 4 • 1000183 Int J Waste Resources ISSN: 2252-5211 IJWR an open access journal Polymer 4: 191-197. 34. Ungnade HE 1954 Near ultraviolet absorption spectra of halogenated nitrobenzenes. J Am Chem Soc 76: 1601-1603. 35. Weast RC 1979 Handbook of chemistry and physics. 60 th edn CRC Press Inc. Boca Raton Florida. 36. Linstrom PJ Mallard WG Evaluated infrared reference spectra. NIST chemistry webbook National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg MD. 37. Lambert JB 1987 Introduction to organic spectroscopy. Macmillan New York USA. Submit your next manuscript and get advantages of OMICS Group submissions Unique features: • User friendly/feasible website-translation of your paper to 50 world’s leading languages • Audio Version of published paper • Digital articles to share and explore Special features: • 350 Open Access Journals • 30000 editorial team • 21 days rapid review process • Quality and quick editorial review and publication processing • Indexing at PubMed partial Scopus EBSCO Index Copernicus and Google Scholar etc • Sharing Option: Social Networking Enabled • Authors Reviewers and Editors rewarded with online Scientifc Credits • Better discount for your subsequent articles Submit your manuscript at: http://www .editorialmanag er .com/envir onsci/default.aspx Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Singh R et al. 2015 Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated 3-Chloronitrobenzene: Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Studies . J Waste Resources 5: 183. doi: 10.4172/2252-5211.1000183

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