FRENCH PERIOD OF FURNITURE STYLE

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FRENCH PERIOD OF FURNITURE STYLE :

FRENCH PERIOD OF FURNITURE STYLE THE DIRECTOIRE PERIOD 1789-1804

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The Directoire Period 1789-1804 Monarch: Fill the gap between the periods of Louis XVI and Neoclassic . (Witten) History: this period was the governmental body that ruled France for a short time after the French Revolution. the political upheaval disrupted the production of furniture. these pieces that were built retained the graceful lines and proportions of the Neoclassic style associated with Louis XVI.

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however, symbols reminiscent of the French monarchy were rejected. (kick lighter) the directoire period produced the transitional forms of arts. (Witten) Features: some craftsman maintain there sense of tradition and good proportion. searched for art forms and details of ornaments that were not associated with the old aristocracy. delicacy of the forms and some refinement of details of Louis XVI period were continued.

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new ornamental motifs were introduced to reflect the grouping power of the agricultural classes. Such as; arrows, spear, drums, stars, and wheat

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motives like:- plough, flail, seythe , and sheaves of wheat .

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Furniture: began to show structural forms borrowed from ancient Greece.

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include:- Greek curves wherever possible, slight backwards rool at the top of chair, klismos chair back, out word curve given on chair.

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Chairs:- front legs carved forward and rear legs curved

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Case furniture:- slight out word flair occurred in short supports , straight turned legs began to be used by the Persian cabinet makers.

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Other structural ornamental forms:- Egyptians or Grecian head used to top of square legs; tappered and slightly reduced in section at bottom and ended with two human feet.

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Head board of beds:- were crested with a low pitched pediment forms or the up right of head boards were given a slight curve out word at the top.

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Chair backs:- that rolled back

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Sofa arms:- curved out were borrowed from Greek style furniture of this period is seen as a transition between the Neoclassic and Empire period.

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Materials: bent wrought iron and bronze furniture with tripod supports designed in a Greek manner, become popular.

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furniture woods were mainly native fruit wood, walnut, and oak wood.

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