17TH CENTURY FRANCE (1) (1)

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17TH CENTURY FRANCE REGENCY PERIOD :

17 TH CENTURY FRANCE REGENCY PERIOD 1700-1730

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17 TH CENTURY FRANCE (REGENCY PERIOD) Regency style :( 1700-1730), Regency: 1715-1723. Beginnings of economy in architecture and decoration.

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The Regency is the period in French history , governed by a Duke of Maine , son of Louis XIV . Large scale of room continues, but free curved forms are introduced. It is a transitional style between Baroque and early Rococo.

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HISTORY OF REGENCY PERIOD STYLE:- During the Regency there was the Polysindo which was the system of government in use in France between 1715 and 1718 and in which each minister (secretary of state) was replaced by a council.

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1 September 1715: Death of Louis XIV at Versailles; reading of Louis XIV's will . By order of Louis XIV, till the time that the young Duke of Anjou reaches his majority, the kingdom would be governed by the Duke of Maine. ( illegitimate son of Louis XIV Madame de Monte span who was the favorite son of the late king and had much influence.) The nephew of the late King, Duke of Orleans would hold the honorific title of " President of the Regency council"

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CHARACTEISTICS OF REGENCY PERIOD:- Regency style maintains the scale and richness of the Louis XIV treatments, yet it begins to show some of the grace full and curvilinear elements that qualify the style named for his successor.

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This transitional form applied both to the wall, and the furniture. The regency overlapped a blended with the two styles from which it drew ’ s its forms, so that a clear division was imperceptible.

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CHARACTERISTICS OF REGENCY FURNITURE:- It was a period of classical furniture. It was then the fashion to copy actual furniture of classic Romans and Greek times.

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Walnut and ebony to be replaced by lighter woods. If they were not identically copied, they were made as close as possible to the classical decoration forms. Wringed griffins, lions head, animal leg, roman god anything that was popular in ancient Rome, Egypt and Greece.

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EBONY WOOD WALNUT WOOD Winged griffin Lion’s head Animal leg

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Furniture had move from natural evolution to return to classical forms. The settee returned to a couch with scrolled end supported by sphinx head on lion’s legs SETTEE SOFA

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SPHINX HAED

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FEATURES OF REGENCY FURNITURE Regency Chairs Chairs with a low back, rolled-over uprights, saber or concave front legs were especially fashionable, and usually made of rosewood or mahogany. backward sweep of the top rail forming a continuous curve with the rear legs archaeological ornaments drawn from the Egyptian, Greek and Roman civilizations broad and flat concave crest rail carving .

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LOUIS XIV CHAIR: Louis XIV chair of the French period is large and comfortable, being usually upholstered, back and seat, with tapestry, brocade of large pattern, or with ruby velvet enriched with gold. During the first half of the reign of Louis XIV the legs of chairs were straight, and turned or carved in a squares’ effect. They were furnished with decorative under framing, and were sometimes ornamented with acanthus carving.

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Sofas and couches The antique classic couch inspired the characteristic design for Regency style sofas and couches. The sofa of cornucopia-shaped legs . It is generally accepted that the Regency designers derived their inspiration for these sofas and couches from the designers of the French Empire. Sofas had become increasingly fashionable as an article of furniture. Some of the sofas were of very large size and they usually had a bolster at each end and several loose cushions placed against the back. In the more ambitious examples, couches and sofas were sometimes made with animal supports.

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bolster

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Stools The designs for stools and window seats essentially followed the designs for chairs and sofas. Some stools were designed with hocked animal legs (horse) for supports. Stools of X-form were also fashionable.

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Beds In addition to the popular tester bed a new variety of mahogany bed was introduced by the Regency designers who borrowed the model from the fashionable French Empire. They usually covered with canopy with printed curtains Most beds were applied with bronze or carved and gilded decoration.

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TABLE -Round dining tables, which were extensively employed in France at the time of the French Empire. -During the Regency style the sideboard table designed with a frieze and without drawers was regarded as most fashionable. -The archaeological character of Regency furniture was plainly declared in some examples of pier tables , circular tables and stands. -The sofa table was a popular and satisfactory piece of Regency style furniture and was often finely made. ROUND TABLE SIDE TABLES OR WRITING TABLE

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Pier table Sofa table

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Low Bookcases Especially fashionable were the low bookcases of elbow height which revealed considerable variety in their design. Sometimes they were entirely open. Gilt columns and applied metal ornament were characteristic forms of decoration for these low bookcases. They contain all the books required in a sitting room without reference to the library. One of the principal advantages of the low bookcase was the space afforded above for hanging paintings.

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Chests of Drawers The chest of drawers was often designed with a bow-shaped front and had the characteristic outset rounded front corners, with the drawers flanked by three-quarter round columns continuing to form the short round tapered legs. The drawers were often made with either bronze knob or lion mask loose-ring handles. During the later Regency style the chest of drawers became increasingly ponderous.

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Mirrors The characteristic and popular wall mirror was the gilded circular convex mirror The swinging dressing mirror on a box stand was usually made of mahogany, rosewood or satinwood.

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Accessories The what-not, a small open shelf stand introduced during the Regency style, was designed with slender uprights supporting two or more shelves. The term teapot is given to a small tray-top table. It was used in the drawing room to prevent the company rising from their seats when taking refreshment. The flower stand was a fashionable decorative accessory, and made in either wood or metal. FLOWER POT WHAT-NOT SHELF TEA POT TEA CADDY

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Types of wood:- During the Regency style, woods of dark color, such as mahogany , either solid or veneered, were most frequently used. Rosewood became a very fashionable wood for cabinetwork after 1800 and many Regency pieces were made entirely of it. Satinwood was still used, especially during the early phase of the Regency style. The practice of graining wood ,(painting technique) in which a more expensive wood is simulated, was extensively used. Mahogany Rose wood Satin wood ~THANK YOU~