greek origin of man and evil

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A PowerPoint presentation for a unit on Greek mythology about the Greek origin stories and the origin of evil (Pandora).

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Greek Origin of Man and Evil:

Greek Origin of Man and Evil

Three Creation Stories:

Three Creation Stories Prometheus and Epimetheus Five Ages of Man and Pandora’s Box Deucalion and Pyrrha

Prometheus and Epimetheus:

Prometheus and Epimetheus Two brothers who were Titans Prometheus means “forethought,” Epimetheus means “afterthought” Put in charge of creation

Prometheus and Epimetheus:

Prometheus and Epimetheus Before making man, Epimetheus gave all the best gifts to the animals “…strength and swiftness and courage and shrewd cunning, fur and feathers and wings and shells and the like—until no good was left for men, no protective covering and no quality to make them a match for the beasts” (Hamilton 71). He regretted his decision and asked for his brother’s help.

Prometheus and Epimetheus:

Prometheus and Epimetheus Prometheus took over the job. “He fashioned [men] in a nobler shape than the animals, upright like the gods; and then he went to heaven, to the sun, where he lit a torch and brought down fire, a protection to men far better than anything else, whether fur or feathers or strength or swiftness” (Hamilton 71).

The Five Ages of Man:

The Five Ages of Man In this story, the gods themselves made humankind. They made humans out of varying kinds of metals. The idea of gold medals representing first place, silver medals representing second place, and bronze medals representing third place comes from this story.

The Five Ages of Man:

The Five Ages of Man The first race was golden “lived like gods without sorrow…far from toil and pain” (Hamilton 72). Second race was silver “They had so little intelligence that they could not keep from injuring each other” (72). Third race was brass “…terrible men, immensely strong, and such lovers of war and violence that they were completely destroyed by their own hands” (72).

The Five Ages of Man:

The Five Ages of Man The fourth race’s metal is not identified “[the brass people] were followed by a splendid race of godlike heroes who fought glorious wars and went on great adventures” (Hamilton 72). The fifth race is iron The people that are now on earth “They live in evil times… As generations pass, they grow worse…A time will come when they have grown so wicked that…Zeus will destroy them too” (72). “Something might be done, if only the common people would arise and put down rulers that oppress them” (72).

Pandora’s Box:

Pandora’s Box During the Golden Age, only men were on the earth Zeus created women because he was mad at Prometheus for caring so much about mortal people. Prometheus stole fire for them, and he tricked Zeus into letting humans keep the good part of animal sacrifices to the gods.

Pandora’s Box:

Pandora’s Box Zeus made Pandora very beautiful All the gods and goddesses gave her gifts Silver robes, an embroidered veil, garlands of flowers, a golden crown Pandora means “the gift of all” According to the Greeks, women are “an evil to men, with a nature to do evil” (Hamilton 74).

Pandora’s Box:

Pandora’s Box The gods put many “gifts” in a box which they told her NEVER to open They knew she would open it because she was so curious. Zeus gave Pandora to Epimetheus as a gift Prometheus warned Epimetheus not to take Pandora in, but he did anyway One day, she opened the box, and “out flew plagues innumerable, sorrow and mischief for mankind. In terror Pandora clapped the lid down, but too late. One good thing, however, was there—hope… It remains to this day mankind’s sole comfort in misfortune” (Hamilton 74).

Prometheus’ Punishment:

Prometheus’ Punishment After Zeus punished men with Pandora, he turned his attention to Prometheus He had his servants, Force and Violence, seize Prometheus and bind him to a rock Prometheus had a secret that Zeus wanted. Unless Prometheus told Zeus the identity of the mother of the son who would defeat him, he could never be free. Prometheus wouldn’t tell, so an eagle came and ate his liver every day. Heracles eventually freed Prometheus.

Deucalion and Pyrrha:

Deucalion and Pyrrha The world was so wicked that Zeus decided to destroy it with a flood Deucalion was the son of Prometheus and Pyrrha was the daughter of Epimetheus and Pandora Prometheus warned them of the flood and told them to build a large chest and store food in it, and float in it until the waters subsided. They landed on top of a mountain.

Deucalion and Pyrrha:

Deucalion and Pyrrha Zeus was not angry with Deucalion and Pyrrha because they were faithful to the gods. He saw them and felt sorry for them and made the waters recede. He told them that in order to create more people, “veil your heads and cast behind you the bones of your mother” (Hamilton 77). They were confused at first, but Deucalion figured out that it was a riddle: -Their “mother” is Earth, and the “bones” of the earth are stones, or rocks. They walked and threw stones behind them, and as they did the stones took human shape and became the “Stone People.”