CROP PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT CLASS 8

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Slide 1:

CROP PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT

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\\ The term crop is used to describe plants of the same kind that are grown in quantities .

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\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ Plants that are planted during the rainy season are called kharif crops. Crops that grow during the winter season are called rabi crops.

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\\\\ Many activities are performed before cultivating a crop, which are termed as agricultural practices.

Slide 5:

Soil preparation Means loosening the soil or turning it.

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Earthworms decompose plant and animal waste, and thereby benefit the soil by increasing the humus and nutrient level in it.

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Ploughs have been in use since ancient times for tilling soil, adding manure and fertilisers , and for scraping of soil.

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Depending upon the animals available on a farm, Cows , buffalo's ,horses and camels used to pull ploughs .

Slide 9:

A plank is used to break the crumbs into fine soil. The next step is to level the soil with the help of a leveller.

Slide 10:

Ploughs were made from wood . Nowadays , iron ploughs have become more popular . Earlier, a hoe was used for tilling, but these days we use it only to remove weeds.

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Healthy seeds contain more nutrients.

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Seed selection is done by soaking the seeds in a beaker containing water.

Slide 13:

Modern seed drills sow seeds at a proper depth and distance, and cover them with a layer of soil, keeping them well out of a bird’s reach.

Slide 14:

The traditional seed drill contains a funnel-shaped container, from where the seeds pass and get placed into the soil.