Slide 1: CROP PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT \\: \\ The term crop is used to describe plants of the same kind that are grown in quantities . \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\: \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ Plants that are planted during the rainy season are called kharif crops. Crops that grow during the winter season are called rabi crops. \\\\: \\\\ Many activities are performed before cultivating a crop, which are termed as agricultural practices. Slide 5: Soil preparation Means loosening the soil or turning it. Slide 6: Earthworms decompose plant and animal waste, and thereby benefit the soil by increasing the humus and nutrient level in it. Slide 7: Ploughs have been in use since ancient times for tilling soil, adding manure and fertilisers , and for scraping of soil. Slide 8: Depending upon the animals available on a farm, Cows , buffalo's ,horses and camels used to pull ploughs . Slide 9: A plank is used to break the crumbs into fine soil. The next step is to level the soil with the help of a leveller. Slide 10: Ploughs were made from wood . Nowadays , iron ploughs have become more popular . Earlier, a hoe was used for tilling, but these days we use it only to remove weeds. Slide 11: Healthy seeds contain more nutrients. Slide 12: Seed selection is done by soaking the seeds in a beaker containing water. Slide 13: Modern seed drills sow seeds at a proper depth and distance, and cover them with a layer of soil, keeping them well out of a bird’s reach. Slide 14: The traditional seed drill contains a funnel-shaped container, from where the seeds pass and get placed into the soil.