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Premium member Presentation Transcript Military Leadership : Military Leadership RYAN R MEJILLANO TSG (RES) PA Resource Lecturer Citizen’s Army Training Ateneo de Davao University High School Department Matina, Davao City April 9, 2010 Slide 2: The best example of leadership, is leadership by example. - Jerry McClain of Seattle, WA Command & Control : Command & Control There are four basic functions used within all organizations for achieving their visions and goals: Command, Control, Leadership, and Management: 1. Command: forming and imparting visions: Well formed visions Clear goals and objectives for achieving the visions QUALITY, low volume communications throughout the organization Involvement to ensure results 2. Leadership: achieving visions through people: Standard Bearer Developing Integrating Command & Control : Command & Control 3. Management: implementing processes for achieving the visions Planning Organizing Budgeting 4. Control: ensuring resources went were they were supposed to go ROUTINE, high volume communications Coordination between activities Structure to reduce uncertainty Slide 5: With Control and Management the ultimate goal is "efficiency" -- addressing how well the process was accomplished (form); while with Command and Leadership the ultimate goal is "effectiveness" -- achieving goals and mission (results). Generally, to achieve "form," one must conceptualize "processes"; while to achieve "results," one must conceptualize "tasks." Thus, command and leadership decide what the organization should be doing, while control and management ensure that the resources used to achieve the results are used efficiently (without waste). Frameworks of Command & Control : Frameworks of Command & Control Command and Leadership uses the following framework: a. Creating - creating a vision or task to achieve results. b. Planning - how will you achieve the result. c. Implementing - putting the plan into action. d. Follow-up - ensuring that it gets done. Slide 7: Managers are people who do things right, while leaders are people who do the right thing. - Warren Bennis, Ph.D. On Becoming a Leader Building Excellence : Building Excellence Leaders do not command excellence, they build excellence. Excellence is "being all you can be" within the bounds of doing what is right for your organization. To reach excellence you must first be a leader of good character. (14) Leadership Traits : (14) Leadership Traits Traits (acronym - JJ did tie buckle) Justice Judgment Dependability Initiative Decisiveness Tact Integrity Enthusiasm Bearing Unselfishness Courage Knowledge Loyalty Endurance (11)Principles of Good Leadership : (11)Principles of Good Leadership To help you be, know, and do; (U.S. Army, 1973) follow these eleven principles of leadership 1. Know yourself and seek self-improvement - Seeking self-improvement means continually strengthening your attributes. This can be accomplished through self-study, formal classes, reflection, and interacting with others. 2. Be technically proficient - As a leader, you must know your job and have a solid familiarity with your employees' tasks. 3. Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions - Search for ways to guide your organization to new heights. And when things go wrong, they always do sooner or later -- do not blame others. Analyze the situation, take corrective action, and move on to the next challenge. 4. Make sound and timely decisions - Use good problem solving, decision making, and planning tools. Principles of Good Leadership : Principles of Good Leadership 5. Set the example - Be a good role model for your employees. They must not only hear what they are expected to do, but also see. We must become the change we want to see - Mahatma Gandhi 6. Know your people and look out for their well-being - Know human nature and the importance of sincerely caring for your workers. 7. Keep your workers informed - Know how to communicate with not only them, but also seniors and other key people. 8. Develop a sense of responsibility in your workers - Help to develop good character traits that will help them carry out their professional responsibilities. Principles of Good Leadership : Principles of Good Leadership 9. Ensure that tasks are understood, supervised, and accomplished - Communication is the key to this responsibility. 10. Train as a team - Although many so called leaders call their organization, department, section, etc. a team; they are not really teams...they are just a group of people doing their jobs. 11. Use the full capabilities of your organization - By developing a team spirit, you will be able to employ your organization, department, section, etc. to its fullest capabilities. Factors of leadershipThere are four major factors in leadership: : Factors of leadershipThere are four major factors in leadership: (4) Factors of leadership : (4) Factors of leadership FollowerDifferent people require different styles of leadership. For example, a new hire requires more supervision than an experienced employee. A person who lacks motivation requires a different approach than one with a high degree of motivation. You must know your people! The fundamental starting point is having a good understanding of human nature, such as needs, emotions, and motivation. You must come to know your employees' be, know, and do attributes. LeaderYou must have a honest understanding of who you are, what you know, and what you can do. Also, note that it is the followers, not the leader who determines if a leader is successful. If they do not trust or lack confidence in their leader, then they will be uninspired. To be successful you have to convince your followers, not yourself or your superiors, that you are worthy of being followed. Factors of leadership : Factors of leadership CommunicationYou lead through two-way communication. Much of it is nonverbal. For instance, when you "set the example," that communicates to your people that you would not ask them to perform anything that you would not be willing to do. What and how you communicate either builds or harms the relationship between you and your employees. SituationAll are different. What you do in one situation will not always work in another. You must use your judgment to decide the best course of action and the leadership style needed for each situation. For example, you may need to confront an employee for inappropriate behavior, but if the confrontation is too late or too early, too harsh or too weak, then the results may prove ineffective. Attributes/ Leadership Framework : Attributes/ Leadership Framework If you are a leader who can be trusted, then those around you will grow to respect you. To be such a leader, there is a Leadership Framework to guide you: BE KNOW DO BE a professional. Examples: Be loyal to the organization, perform selfless service, take personal responsibility. BE a professional who possess good character traits. Examples: Honesty, competence, candor, commitment, integrity, courage, straightforwardness, imagination. KNOW the four factors of leadership - follower, leader, communication, situation. KNOW yourself. Examples: strengths and weakness of your character, knowledge, and skills. Attributes/ Leadership Framework : Attributes/ Leadership Framework KNOW human nature. Examples: Human needs, emotions, and how people respond to stress. KNOW your job. Examples: be proficient and be able to train others in their tasks. KNOW your organization. Examples: where to go for help, its climate and culture, who the unofficial leaders are. DO provide direction. Examples: goal setting, problem solving, decision making, planning. DO implement. Examples: communicating, coordinating, supervising, evaluating. DO motivate. Examples: develop moral and esprit in the organization, train, coach, counsel. The Process of Great Leadership (5) : The Process of Great Leadership (5) The road to great leadership (Kouzes & Posner, 1987) that is common to successful leaders: 1. Challenge the process - First, find a process that you believe needs to be improved the most. 2. Inspire a shared vision - Next, share you vision in words that can be understood by your followers. The Process of Great Leadership : The Process of Great Leadership 3. Enable others to act - Give them the tools and methods to solve the problem. 4. Model the way - When the process gets tough, get your hands dirty. A boss tells others what to do...a leader shows that it can be done. 5. Encourage the heart - Share the glory with your followers' heart, while keeping the pains within your own. (4) Leadership Indicators : (4) Leadership Indicators Morale Discipline Esprit-de-corps Proficiency (5) Roles of Military Leader : (5) Roles of Military Leader As a model soldier and commander As a personnel technician As a counselor As an instructor As a custodian of men’s welfare References : References Bass, Bernard (1989). Stogdill's Handbook of Leadership: A Survey of Theory and Research. New York: Free Press. Bass, Bernard (1990). From transactional to transformational leadership: learning to share the vision. Organizational Dynamics, Vol. 18, Issue 3, Winter, 1990, 19-31. Blake, Robert R. and Mouton, Janse S. (1985). The Managerial Grid III: The Key to Leadership Excellence. Houston: Gulf Publishing Co. Bolman, L. and Deal, T. (1991). Reframing Organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Kouzes, James M. & Posner, Barry Z. (1987). The Leadership Challenge. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. U.S. Army Handbook (1973). Military Leadership. Slide 23: Thank you You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.