EXPANDING HEADLINES

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ENGLISH GRAMMAR: CBSE STANDARD 9 AND STANDARD 10

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GROUP III:

1 GROUP III LPD

EXPANDING NEWS HEADLINES:

2 EXPANDING NEWS HEADLINES Can you see the major headline below ?

ASSOCIATIONS:

3 ASSOCIATIONS What do you associate headlines with? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

ASSOCIATIONS:

4 ASSOCIATIONS What do you associate headlines with? 1.Newspapers-dailies 2.News magazines-weekly,fortnightly,etc. 3.Radio News 4.Television News 5.Web site news portals of TV channels

The difficulty:

5 The difficulty Newspaper headlines are often difficult to understand. They are, most often, made of incomplete sentences.

The attraction:

6 The attraction It goes without saying, that headlines aim to capture the attention of the newspaper reader in the most unique way.

NEWS HEADLINES-SAMPLES:

7 NEWS HEADLINES-SAMPLES Difficult times ahead Under pressure from boss Mustang referral customer complaint Norms simplified for cement sale New look mountain train leaves passengers thrilled

PowerPoint Presentation:

8 UNDERSTANDING NEWSPAPER HEADLINES AND RECONSTRUCTING THEM INTO GRAMMATICALLY ACCURATE SENTENCES {BY FILLING IN THE GAPS} !

ACTIVITY:

9 ACTIVITY Expanding headlines can be very interesting. It would be of immense help in improving grammatical accuracy

LET’S EXAMINE THE FOLLOWING HEADLINES:

10 LET’S EXAMINE THE FOLLOWING HEADLINES 1.Difficult times ahead 2.Forgotten brother appears 3.James Wood to visit Portland 4.Man killed in accident 5.Mayor to open shopping mall 6.Overwhelming response of voters 7.Passerby sees woman jump

LET’S EXAMINE THE FOLLOWING HEAD LINES:

11 LET’S EXAMINE THE FOLLOWING HEAD LINES 8.President declares celebration 9.Professors protest pay cuts 10.Tommy the dog named hero

Let’s expand the headlines:

12 Let’s expand the headlines 1.Difficult times ahead Ans-The finance Minister has predicted difficult times for the Indian Economy in the years ahead. 2.Forgotten brother appears Ans-A forgotten brother has appeared after a long period of time. 3.James Wood to visit Portland Ans-James Woods is going to visit Portland next week. 4.Man killed in accident Ans-A man has been killed in an accident on the express free way in Pune.

EXPANDING HEADLINES:

13 EXPANDING HEADLINES 5.Mayor to open shopping mall Ans-The Mayor of Chennai will declare open a shopping mall at Nungambakkam in Chennai tomorrow. 6.Overwhelming response of voters Ans-The overwhelming response of the voters to the recently conducted Assembly elections in Pawal Pradesh has surprised many analysts. 7.Passerby sees woman jump Ans-A passerby saw a woman jump out of the 80 th floor of a skyscraper

LET’S EXAMINE THE FOLLOWING HEAD LINES:

14 LET’S EXAMINE THE FOLLOWING HEAD LINES 8.President declares celebration Ans-The honourable President of India declared open the Gandhi Week Celebration in the capital today. 9.Professors protest pay cuts Ans-Professors from the institutes of higher learning in Bhutan have protested against the recent pay cuts introduced by the Government of Bhutan. 10.Tommy the dog named hero Ans-Tommy ,the popular Dog from Brisbane was declared the Hero at the Canine meet.

COMMON FEATURES OF HEADLINES:

15 COMMON FEATURES OF HEADLINES NOUN PHRASES NOUN STRINGS SIMPLE PRESENT INSTEAD OF CONTINUOUS OR PERFECT AUXILLIARY VERBS DROPPED IN THE PASSIVE FORM ARTICLES DROPPED INFINITIVES TO INDICATE FUTURE

NOUN STRINGS-MORE DETAILS:

16 NOUN STRINGS-MORE DETAILS English even allows a whole group of nouns to be strung together, but the longer the string, the longer it takes a reader unfamiliar with the term to figure it out. Noun strings are often found in newspaper headlines where space is at a premium ("Car Insurance Firm Secret Sale Shock Probe") and technical manuals ("put the wing sprocket flange grommet over the side frame angle bracket lever"). Noun strings are a major component of jargon: "computer systems analyst," "human resource development project newsletter deadline," "health information science" (until you know what it is about, it is unclear whether it deals with "the health of information-science" or "the science of health-information"). The simple way to avoid noun strings is to separate the nouns by appropriate prepositions. Noun Strings Another common headline form is a string of three, four or more nouns together (i.e. Country Leader Question Time ). These can be difficult because the words don't appear related by verbs or adjectives. Here are some more examples: Widow Pension Pay Committee Landscaping Company Disturbance Regulations Mustang Referral Customer Complaint In the case of noun strings, it's helpful to try to connect the ideas by reading backward. For example: Mustang Referral Customer Complaint By reading backwards, I can guess that: There is a complaint made by a customer about a referral program for Mustang cars. Of course, you need to use your imagination for this

context:

17 context A LANGUAGE TEXT WITHOUT A CONTEXT WOULD BE PRETEXT. A THOROUGH KNOWLEDGE ABOUT CURRENT AFFAIRS AND GENERAL KNOWLEDGE WOULD BE AN INVALUABLE ASSET IN THE PROPER UNDERSTANDING OF THE CONTEXT OF THE HEADLINES. IT MAY BE A GOOD IDEA TO READ NEWSPAPERS.

PRIORITIES:

18 PRIORITIES UNDERSTAND THE FEATURES OF HEADLINES TO GET AT WHAT THEY ARE TRYING TO COMMUNICATE AND COMPLETE THE EXPANSION OF HEADLINES INTO NORMAL SENTENCES

LET’S EXAMINE THE FOLLOWING HEADLINES:

19 LET’S EXAMINE THE FOLLOWING HEADLINES 1.Difficult times ahead 2.Forgotten brother appears 3.James Wood to visit Portland 4.Man killed in accident 5.Mayor to open shopping mall 6.Overwhelming response of voters 7.Passerby sees woman jump

LET’S EXAMINE THE FOLLOWING HEAD LINES:

20 LET’S EXAMINE THE FOLLOWING HEAD LINES 8.President declares celebration 9.Professors protest pay cuts 10.Tommy the dog named hero

READ THE FOLLOWING HEADLINES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES GIVE BELOW:

21 READ THE FOLLOWING HEADLINES AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES GIVE BELOW [a] 37 LAKH INDIANS TO PERFORM HAJ The Government ,on Monday, informed that the number of Indians __________ risen to 37 lakhs. [b] FROGS MARRIED OFF IN HOPE OF RAIN A pair of golden frogs __________ in West Bengal,in the hope of rains.

MORE PRACTICE:

22 MORE PRACTICE OVER 300 POLITICAL PARTY WORKERS ARRESTED ANS-Over 300 political party workers _____ on the charges of instigating violence ,in the disturbed areas of Sambai. City. SECURITY ALERT IN BHOPAL ANS- _____________ in the city of Bhopal after the receipt of two anonymous calls.

Courtesy:L.PRAVEEN.D, GROUP III {TGT IN-SERVICE,K.V.ERK}:

23 Courtesy:L.PRAVEEN.D, GROUP III {TGT IN-SERVICE,K.V.ERK} GROUP III: Mrs Manjula Neelamegam,CR,kvannanagar. Mr L.Praveen.D,kv1pondy. Mrs Thenmozhi,kvkaraikudi. MrsD.Bharathi,kvvijanarayanam. Mrs Cellina Blossom,kvpallipuram. Mrs P.Janaki,kvpalakkad. 21FEB08-23FEB08

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