ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM

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Presentation Transcript

Slide 1: 

JParkinson © 1 THE ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM

Slide 2: 

JParkinson © 2 ALL ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES TRAVEL AT THE SPEED OF LIGHT c = 300 000 000 m/s 300 000 000 m / s

Slide 3: 

JParkinson © 3 WAVELENGTH The Electromagnetic Spectrum OUR EYES CAN ONLY SEE A SMALL FRACTION IN THE MIDDLE OF THE WHOLE SPECTRUM LONG WAVELENGTH SHORT WAVELENGTH Which colour has the longer wavelength, red light or blue light? Which colour has the greater frequency, red light or blue light?

Slide 4: 

JParkinson © 4 THE FREQUENCY OF A WAVE IS THE NUMBER OF WAVES EMITTED PER SECOND Frequency, f, is measured in HERTZ Hz

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JParkinson © 5 The speed at which the crests move along, c, the frequency of the waves and their wavelength are related by the formula: c = f ? velocity = frequency times wavelength = c f x ?

Slide 6: 

JParkinson © 6 The Electromagnetic Spectrum WAVELENGTH INCREASING FREQUENCY INCREASING HIGH FREQUENCY RADIATIONS TEND TO BE MORE PENETRATING ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION COMES IN BURST CALLED PHOTONS

Slide 7: 

JParkinson © 7 Gamma Ray photon; wavelength 10-11 – 10-13 metres, i.e. about a million millionth of a metre APPLICATIONS: sterilizing medical equipment in hospitals pasteurizing certain foods to prolong shelf life treatment of cancer gauge the thickness of metal in steel mills radiography – patient ingests radioactive source, whereabouts in the body is then located with a gamma camera

Slide 8: 

JParkinson © 8 X Ray photon; wavelength 10-9 – 10-11 metres, i.e. about a billionth of a metre… about the size of an atom APPLICATIONS: radiography treatment of cancer cells airport security checks studying atomic and molecular structure ….. X-Ray crystallography

Slide 9: 

JParkinson © 9 Ultra Violet light wavelength 10-7 – 10-8 metres, i.e. about a ten millionth of a metre… the size of a virus APPLICATIONS: criminology…. some stains [e.g. blood] fluoresce under uv light security marking detection and destruction of bacteria phototherapy treatment of skin complaints, e.g. psoriasis

Slide 10: 

JParkinson © 10 VISIBLE LIGHT wavelength about 0.5 micrometres [µm] or half a millionth of a metre Protazoa size

Slide 11: 

JParkinson © 11 wavelength about 1mm to 1µm INFRA RED APPLICATIONS: night-time surveillance medical: CO2 laser surgery & thermal imaging weather forecasting remote controls heat seeking missiles

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JParkinson © 12 Wavelength: a few centimetres microwaves & radar APPLICATIONS: radar inc. weather forecasting cooking telecommunications inc. mobile phones

Slide 13: 

JParkinson © 13 TV & RADIO APPLICATIONS & WAVELENGTHS: Ultra High Frequency - UHF for TELEVISION …… about 10 cm Very High Frequency - VHF for FM RADIO ……. about 1 metre Short Wave – SW … AM Radio …… 10m & 50m bands Medium Wave – MW … AM Radio …… 200 to 600m Long Wave – LW … AM Radio …… 1000 to 2000m