Physical Features of Pakistan

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Physical Features of Pakistan:

Physical Features of Pakistan

Satellite view of South Asia:

Satellite view of South Asia

Political Map of Pakistan:

Political Map of Pakistan

Neighbors of Pakistan:

Neighbors of Pakistan Coordinates: Latitude: 24° N - 37 °N Longitude: 61 °E - 75.5 ° E Total Area: 796,096 sq km Altitude: Highest point: K-2 (8611m) Deepest point: Dasu patan (6500m) Lowest point: Sea level 0 (feet)

Immediate Neighbor Countries:

Immediate Neighbor Countries Countries Direction Length of border (Km) China North 592 India East 1600 Arabian Sea South 1000 Iran South West 850 Afghanistan West 2250

Physical Map of Pakistan:

Physical Map of Pakistan

Physical Division of Pakistan:

Physical Division of Pakistan Generally We can classify the Pakistan into Four Major Physical provinces which are: Mountains Plains Plateaus Deserts

Mountains:

Mountains There are three distinct Mountain ranges Northern Mountains Karakoram Ranges Himalaya Ranges Greater Himalayas Lesser Himalayas Siwaliks North Western Mountains Hindukush Western Mountains Safed Koh Ranges Waziristan Hills Suleman and Kirthar Range

Northern Mountains:

Northern Mountains Sub Himalayas Height: 600-1200 meter Great Himalayas Height: more than 4600 meter Lesser Himalayas Height: 1800-4600 meter Himalayas:

Northern Mountains:

Northern Mountains Karakorum: Average height is about 6100 meter Goodwin Austin (K-2) 2 nd highest peak

North Western Mountains:

North Western Mountains Hindu Kush Mountains: Originates from Pamir plateau. highest peaks are Noshaq (7369 m) and Tirch mir (7690 m) lies in the west of Himalaya and karakorum

Western Highlands:

Western Highlands Western highland comprises of the following three mountain ranges. The koh -e- sofaid ranges: Average height is about 3600 m Highest peak is Sikaram (4700 m) Located in East-West Direction Kurram and Kohat valley lies in this range.

Western Highlands:

Western Highlands Waziristan hills: Located between Gomal and Kurram river. Its Height ranges from 1500 - 3000 meter. These range forms the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan Famous Khyber pass lies in this Range.

Western Highlands:

Western Highlands The Suleman and Kirthar Ranges: Starts from South of Gomal River Lies between the Baluchistan plateau and the Indus river. Average height is about 600 m. Takht -e- Suleman is the highest point (3487 m) In south The Suleman joins the kirthar range. And Kirthar merges into the kohistan area of Sindh .

The Suleman and Kirthar Ranges::

The Suleman and Kirthar Ranges: Here We can see the Releif of Suleman and Kirthar range

The Indus Plains:

The Indus Plains

The Indus Plains:

The Indus Plains The Whole Indus plain comprises the 20% of the Pakistan. We can divide it into three parts; 1. Upper Indus Plain 2. Lower Indus Plain 3. Deltaic Plain

The Indus Plains:

The Indus Plains The Upper Indus Plains: Extends from Attock to Mithan kot . Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej are the Eastern tributaries of river Indus. The area between the two tributaries is called Doab . All the tributaries meet at the point called Panjnad . Name of Doab Name of Rivers Bari Doab River Beas & River Ravi Rachna Doab River Ravi & River Chenab Chaj Doab River Chenab & River Jhelum Sindh Sagar Doab River Jhelum & River Indus

The Indus Plains:

The Indus Plains

The Indus Plains:

The Indus Plains The Lower Indus Plains: It extends from Mithan kot to Thatta . This is the old stage of river Indus. Due to the very less gradient speed of Indus is very slow.

The Indus Plains:

The Indus Plains The Deltaic Plain: Total length is 1000 km While 700 Km lies in Baluchistan And about 300 km lies in Sind. Thatta and Badin districts in Sind.\ Mangrove forests are the significant feature of the Sind Deltaic plain. The coastal area lies in Baluchistan is called makran coastal plain.

Deserts of Pakistan:

Deserts of Pakistan Deserts in Pakistan Thar Thal Cholistan Kharan

Deserts of Pakistan:

Deserts of Pakistan Thar Desert: This desert lies in the South east of Pakistan. This desert is the extension of Rajasthan desert of India. The Section of this desert situated in the Bahawalpur division is called Cholistan .

Deserts of Pakistan:

Deserts of Pakistan Thal Desert: Thal desert lies between the River Indus and Jhelum. Kharan Desert: The Kharan desert located in the North west Baluchistan. The average rainfall is less than 100 mm.

The Plateaus of Pakistan:

The Plateaus of Pakistan Plateaus of Pakistan Baluchistan Plateau Potowar Plateau and Salt Range

The Plateaus of Pakistan:

The Plateaus of Pakistan The Baluchistan Plateau: Located in Southwest of Pakistan. Average height is about 300 – 600 meters. Very rich in mineral resources. Scanty Rain fall. Inland drainage.

The Plateaus of Pakistan:

The Plateaus of Pakistan The Potwar Plateau & The Salt Range: Located between River Indus & River Jhelum Height 300 to 600 meters from sea level. Soan River is main river. It forms gullies and large alluvial plains, mainly used for agriculture. Rich in minerals like rock salt, gypsum, lime stone, coal, marble, clays, dolomite & soapstone and oil. While average height of Salt range is 750 to 900m. Sakesar Peak is the highest point in the Salt Range at a height of 1527m.

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Thank You Created By: SYED ZAIN ALI

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