forest and wildlife

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PRESENTATION ON forest and wildlife:

PRESENTATION ON forest and wildlife

CONTENTS:

CONTENTS Introduction Flora and Fauna Causes of depletion of flora and fauna Conservation of forest and wildlife in India Biodiversity of India Wildlife conservation Causes of wildlife destruction

CONTENTS:

CONTENTS Natural wealth of India Wildlife of India Government’s role in conserving wildlife Conclusion

A PROJECT BY:

A PROJECT BY J.Lokesh kumar K.Jagannath A.Aravinda Krishanan N.Sekar E.Bhuvanesh

Introduction :

Introduction Forests play a key role in the ecological system as these are also the primary producers on which all other living beings depend.

Flora and fauna:

Flora and fauna India is one of the world’s richest countries in terms of its vast array of biological diversity, and has nearly 8 per cent of the total number of species in the world. These diverse flora and fauna are so well integrated in our daily life that we take these for granted. At least 10 per cent of India's recorded wild flora and fauna threatened list.

Causes of depletion of flora and fauna:

Causes of depletion of flora and fauna 1951-1980 forest area converted into agricultural land all over India. 1951 over 5000 sq km of forest cleared for river valley projects. Mining another factor behind deforestation. Grazing and fuel-wood collection are degrading factors.

Conservation of forest and wildlife in India:

Conservation of forest and wildlife in India Conservation preserves the ecological diversity and our life support systems-water, air and soil. 1960s and 1970s conservationists demanded a national wildlife protection programme. Central government also announced several projects for protecting specific animals including tiger, three types of crocodiles These projects focusing on biodiversity rather than on a few of its components.

Bio Diversity of India :

Bio Diversity of India Wildlife of India is a mix of species of diverse origins. India is home to a number of rare and threatened animal species. Home to about 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of avian, 6.2% of reptilian, and 6.0% of flowering plant species. Tropical rainforest of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and Northeast India, coniferous forest of the Himalaya.  dry deciduous forest of central and southern India.

WILDLIFE CONSERVATION :

WILDLIFE CONSERVATION DEFINED Wildlife protection act started in 1972 Wildlife conservation is the protection of species and habitats of animals . The banning of hunting seasons for endangered or threatened species.

CAUSES OF WILDLIFE DESTRUCTION:

CAUSES OF WILDLIFE DESTRUCTION Human Nature

PowerPoint Presentation:

Source : Wildlife protection society of India

Habitat Loss :

Habitat Loss S econd most critical factor in species extinction. There now 20% less forest cover than existed 300 years ago

Poaching and hunting :

Poaching and hunting Another major cause of animal species extinction. Poaching and illegal trade in animals are US$2 billion to $3 billion

Habitat Loss and Fragmentation :

Habitat Loss and Fragmentation Extensive human demand resulted into Habitat Loss. Rainforests are the main habitats Tropical rainforests are cleared for wood / timber resources development of petroleum resources mineral resources for cash-crop plantations and subsistence farming

National and International Wildlife Trade:

National and International Wildlife Trade Pet Trade Fur Trade Body Parts Trade

The natural wealth of the India:

The natural wealth of the India Unique, mysterious and fascinating for nature lovers. In Indian philosophy, life in any form is deemed pure and it is advocated that compassion for all living creatures is essential. The tree has held a vital place in religious tradition, symbolizing the myth of creation. The Agni Purana reveals that the conservation rite becomes a soul-saving deed and that trees are objects of respect. The rich and fascinating variety of India's wildlife can be seen in the 80 national parks, 440 sanctuaries and 23 tiger reserves established by the Government of India.

The natural wealth of the India:

The natural wealth of the India India harbors 60% of the world's wild tiger population, 50% of Asian elephants, 80% of the one-horned rhinoceros and the entire remaining population of the Asiatic lion.

Wildlife of India (past):

Wildlife of India (past) There were More than 500 species of mammals 1,220 species of birds 1, 600 species of reptiles and amphibians 57,000 species of insects

WILDLIFE OF INDIA (TODAY):

WILDLIFE OF INDIA (TODAY) The flora and fauna of wild species today is declining rapidly in India Possible extinction is a possibility for over 77 mammals, 72 bird species, 17 reptile species, 3 amphibian species Large amount of butterflies and beetles which are considered to be endangered. Rapid growth in industrialization has hampered the ecosystem and had badly affected the wild animals Wildlife of India is on the mercy of human beings as the mortality rate of animals is increasing due to hunting and poaching.

ENDANGERED SPECIES OF animals:

ENDANGERED SPECIES OF animals MAJESTIC ELEPHANTS THE INDIAN BISON HISPID HARE SNOW LEOPARD SWAMP DEER BLUE WHALE DESERT CAT LEAF MONKEY

ENDANGERED SPECIES OF plants:

ENDANGERED SPECIES OF plants PTEROCARPUS SANTALINUS CYCAS BEDDOMEI RED SANDALWOOD BAOBAB BERBERIS DECALEPIS HAMILTONII

Govt role in conservation of wildlife:

Govt role in conservation of wildlife Wildlife protection act 1972 Project tiger 1972-73 Forest protection act 1980-88 Anti poaching agencies State wildlife dept State forest dept Ministry of environment and forest Army (IF APPLICABLE) Police Border security force Coast guards Wildlife conservation society

conclusion:

conclusion Forests and wildlife are the renewable natural resource and if all the planned programmes are effectively executed, in a few decades the flora and the fauna will start flourishing Where is my mamma

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