Ecosystems

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Ecosystems:

Ecosystems ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill

What is a system?:

What is a system? ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill A system is a group of things that work together for a common purpose.

What is an ecosystem?:

What is an ecosystem? ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Eco means Earth. An ecosystem is all living and nonliving things in an environment and how they interact with each other.

Parts of an Ecosystem:

Parts of an Ecosystem ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Living vs. Nonliving Animals Plants Bacteria Soil Weather Air Sun A habitat is a collection of related ecosystems.

Let’s Start Off Small:

Let’s Start Off Small ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill An organism… i s a single living thing in an environment; Ricky Raccoon, an orca whale, a rattlesnake.

Think a Little Bigger:

Think a Little B igger ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill A population… i s a group of the same kind of living thing; a family of raccoons, a pod of whales, a gaggle of geese.

And Even Bigger:

And Even Bigger ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill A community… i s several groups of living things living in the same area at the same time

What is an Ecosystem? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Gm9zJS10-E :

What is an Ecosystem? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Gm9zJS10-E ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill

PowerPoint Presentation:

©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Community Organism Population Ecosystem

Relate it to what you already know…:

Relate it to what you already know… ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Organism Population Community Ecosystem

Relate it to what you already know…:

Relate it to what you already know… ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Organism Population Community Ecosystem

Relate it to what you already know…:

Relate it to what you already know… ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Ecosystem Community Population Organism

Ecosystem Song http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GUY_-LK_lOc :

Ecosystem Song http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GUY_-LK_lOc ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill

Vocabulary Splat:

Vocabulary Splat ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Population Ecosystem Organism Community Listen to the clue carefully. Think about which word matches. When I say “splat”, slap the correct word. A group of the same kind of animals. A single living thing. The way living & nonliving things interact. Several groups of different kinds of animals. A lion is a… A pride of lions is a … The animals that live near the watering hole are a… A rainforest is an … A herd of cattle is a …

Types of Ecosystems:

Types of Ecosystems ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill 1. Desert 2 . Grassland 3. Saltwater 4 . Freshwater 5. Deciduous Forest 6 . Coniferous Forest 7. Tropical Rainforest 8. Tundra

Desert:

Desert ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Deserts are very dry ecosystems. Desert plants and animals can survive with very little water. Deserts get very hot during the day and can get very cold at night.

Desert:

Desert ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Desert plants, such as cactus, have thick stems that store water. The roots of a cactus lie just below the soil and spread far from the plant.

Grasslands:

Grasslands ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Grasslands are dry, often flat areas of land that are hot in the summer and cold in the winter. They get more rain and snow than deserts but less that most other ecosystems.

Grasslands:

Grasslands ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill The main plant in a grassland ecosystem is grass. There are not many bushes in the grassland. Trees are found only by rivers and streams.

Saltwater:

Saltwater ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Saltwater ecosystems are oceans. Oceans cover about three –fourths of Earth ’ s surface, so there are more saltwater ecosystems than any other.

Freshwater:

Freshwater ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Rivers, ponds, lakes and streams have fresh water. Lakes and rivers are closely tied. Some lakes are the source for some rivers. Important rivers, most often, originate from lakes. Some rivers end in lakes. Since both rivers and lakes are freshwater and flow in and out of each other, they share similar characteristics and many species reside in both habitats.

Tropical Rainforest:

Tropical Rainforest ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill A tropical rain forest grows where it is hot and wet all year long. It rains for most of the year. The trees and plants grow so thick that sometimes the sun does not reach the ground through the canopy of plants. Animals such as jaguars, toucans, and monkeys live there.

Deciduous Forest:

Deciduous Forest ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill The word "deciduous" means exactly what the leaves on these trees do: change color in autumn, fall off in the winter, and grow back again in the spring. This adaptation helps trees in the forest survive winter. O ne of the most interesting features of the temperate deciduous forest is its changing seasons . Deciduous forests are full of animals and plants, like oak and maple trees, bushes, bears, deer, rabbits, skunks…

Coniferous Forest:

Coniferous Forest ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Coniferous forests are made up mainly of cone-bearing or coniferous trees, such as spruces, hemlocks, pines and firs. The leaves of these trees are either small and needle-like or scale-like and most stay green all year around (evergreen ). Most of the trees do not lose their leaves during the winter. There are short summers and long winters. Many of the same animals live here as the deciduous forest.

Tundra:

Tundra ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill The tundra/artic is situated near the poles of the earth. It is by far the coldest of all biomes. The winters are extremely cold with temperatures typically below -34° C. The summers last only about two months and the temperatures are still very cold ranging from 3° to 12° C. It does not get a lot of rain because of the temperatures. Polar bears, penguins, seals, walruses, and caribou are some of the animals that thrive on the tundra.

Vocabulary Splat:

Vocabulary Splat ©2014 Tricks of the Trade: Elizabeth Hill Tundra Listen to the clue carefully. Think about which word matches. When I say “splat”, slap the correct word. An ecosystem full of trees with deer, bear, rabbits… Desert Rainforest Saltwater Freshwater Grassland Forest The ocean Flat land abundant in grass. Ponds, rivers, streams, and swamps The coldest ecosystem The home of a cactus and a camel A wet ecosystem with thick trees and plants This ecosystem has kelp, seaweed, and coral reefs Toucans, jaguars, monkeys, and gorillas can be found in the Alligators, frogs, lily pads, bass, and moccasin snakes live in the _______ ecosystem.

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