WHAT IS MARXISM?

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DEVELOPMENTAL THEORIES:MARXISM

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Presentation Transcript

MARXISM : 

MARXISM KARL MARX

Marxist Interpretation of Politics : 

Marxist Interpretation of Politics Two levels of analysis Interpretation of human progress through history (stages of development toward communism) Analysis of politics and the influence of economics (material basis of political and social relations) Both are empirical and normative

Marxist Analysis of Society & History : 

Marxist Analysis of Society & History History is evolutionary. “The economic situation is the basis, but the various elements of the superstructure — political forms of the class struggle and its results also exercise their influence upon the course of the historical struggles and in many cases preponderate in determining their form.” [Engels] Dialectic Process

Stages in Human Development : 

Stages in Human Development History as the Unfolding of Man’s Increasing Productive Abilities (and Socio-Political By-Products) Stages Primitive Communism State Slavery Feudalism Capitalism Socialism Communism

The Inevitable Revolution : 

The Inevitable Revolution Historical evolution is constant and unstoppable Each economic system contains the seeds of its own destruction and success of the next stage Capitalism heightened exploitation Capitalism creates possibility for consciousness - thus revolution

COMMUNISM AS UTOPIA:Marx’s Vision of the Future : 

COMMUNISM AS UTOPIA:Marx’s Vision of the Future Communism as fully productive Humans capable of full emancipation and realization of complete potential Communism as non-exploitative Withering away of state and repression

Marxist “Static” Analysis:Explaining the Politics : 

Marxist “Static” Analysis:Explaining the Politics Interests are material Economics creates classes State upholds property rights; instrument of exploitation Politics as manifestation of class struggle

“We make our history ourselves, but, in the first place, under very definite assumptions and conditions. Among these, the economic ones are ultimately decisive.” : 

“We make our history ourselves, but, in the first place, under very definite assumptions and conditions. Among these, the economic ones are ultimately decisive.” What do you think?