MARXISM : MARXISM KARL MARX Marxist Interpretation of Politics : Marxist Interpretation of Politics Two levels of analysis
Interpretation of human progress through history (stages of development toward communism)
Analysis of politics and the influence of economics (material basis of political and social relations)
Both are empirical and normative Marxist Analysis of Society & History : Marxist Analysis of Society & History History is evolutionary.
“The economic situation is the basis, but the various elements of the superstructure — political forms of the class struggle and its results also exercise their influence upon the course of the historical struggles and in many cases preponderate in determining their form.” [Engels]
Dialectic Process Stages in Human Development : Stages in Human Development History as the Unfolding of Man’s Increasing Productive Abilities (and Socio-Political By-Products)
Communism The Inevitable Revolution : The Inevitable Revolution Historical evolution is constant and unstoppable
Each economic system contains the seeds of its own destruction and success of the next stage
Capitalism heightened exploitation
Capitalism creates possibility for consciousness - thus revolution COMMUNISM AS UTOPIA:Marx’s Vision of the Future : COMMUNISM AS UTOPIA:Marx’s Vision of the Future Communism as fully productive
Humans capable of full emancipation and realization of complete potential
Communism as non-exploitative
Withering away of state and repression Marxist “Static” Analysis:Explaining the Politics : Marxist “Static” Analysis:Explaining the Politics Interests are material
Economics creates classes
State upholds property rights; instrument of exploitation
Politics as manifestation of class struggle “We make our history ourselves, but, in the first place, under very definite assumptions and conditions. Among these, the economic ones are ultimately decisive.” : “We make our history ourselves, but, in the first place, under very definite assumptions and conditions. Among these, the economic ones are ultimately decisive.” What do you think?