Category: Education

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Lev Vygotsky 1896 -1934


Outline: Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory of Development Importance of Language Development in learning Zone of Proximal Development Curriculum Methods of teaching The role of the teacher

Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory of Development :

Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory of Development Cognition is inseparable from social and cultural environment.

Importance of Language Development in learning:

Importance of Language Development in learning The main way to pass on society’s experience from one generation to another The primary tool to communicate The principle tool of cognitive functioning The way of regulating children’s own activities

Zone of Proximal Development :

Zone of Proximal Development The difference of what can be done alone and with assistance. Learning occurs in this zone

Curriculum :

Curriculum Ease child’s transition from drawing things to drawing speech Master tools and technologies (computers, resource books and graphs) Challenge and stretch learner’s competence Provide many opportunities to apply previous skills, knowledge, and experiences, with authentic activities Emphasize interaction between learners and learning tasks Have assisted problem solving learning

Methods of teaching :

Methods of teaching Interactive methods (hands on and group work) Challenges to increase problem solving abilities High level of language Scaffolding to increase students’ cognitive abilities Learning styles

The Role of The Teacher:

The Role of The Teacher Build interest and engage learner Simplify the task by breaking it into smaller subtasks Clarify expectations and incorporate assessment and feedback Keep the learner focused Keep the learner from becoming frustrated Model possible ways of completing tasks


Note: The teacher doesn’t control the class with rules and structure; rather, she collaborates with the students and provides support and direction.

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