Category: Education

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The effect of corporal punishment on students


Introduction Children need discipline. Without any rules, boundaries and consequences, children would not learn how to fit within society. Many times discipline is considered only as corporal and humiliating punishment. Despite the prohibition by law, corporal punishment of children remains a widespread phenomenon .


Introduction Not only are children physically and psychologically affected by corporal punishment . Corporal punishment is a form of violence against children . The phenomenon of corporal punishment clearly reflects and manifests children’s lack of power and their low social status within society and the family as well as in the classroom. .

Introduction : 

Introduction The teacher is considered a figure of authority. . Children learn more through co-operation and rewards than through conflict and punishment .

Definition Of Corporal Punishment: 

Definition Of Corporal Punishment Corporal punishment refers to intentional application of physical pain as a method of changing behavior. It includes a wide variety of methods . Using object's Kicking . Shaking. Throwing. Pinching. Pulling their hair . Uncomfortable position. Physical exercise. Scaring.

Reasons of corporal punishment: 

Reasons of corporal punishment Not doing school homework. Misbehaviour. Not obeying orders of teachers or school staff.

The effects of corporal punishment: 

The effects of corporal punishment On children: 1) Children learn fear and compliance. 2) Development of children’s initiative and problem solving capabilities is stifled. 3) Fear of being punished hinders children’s risk taking and the development of their creativity and intelligence. 4) Children’s autonomy and elaboration of their own moral rules and criteria is prevented .

The effects of corporal punishment: 

The effects of corporal punishment on children : 5 ) Attention from teachers is focused on infringement of rules rather than positive interactions. 6) Violence is taught as a valid way to solve conflicts. 7) Development of values of peace, democracy, cooperation, equality, tolerance, participation and justice is hindered.

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on children : 8) The lesson that use physical punishment teaches that it is acceptable : To resolve conflict and difference with violence. To express frustration, anger and helplessness through violence. To hit someone who is smaller than or less powerful than you are. To resort to violence when you don’t have time or energy to think of another solution.

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on children : 9) Emotional punishment is also experienced. 10) Child’s self-esteem is decreased. 11) Feelings of disapproval, solitude, sadness, rejection, anger and the desire to escape from school are experienced. 12) Negative view of society and individuals is spread, making social integration difficult .

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on children : 13 ) Communication between teachers and students is hindered, affecting emotional bonds . 14) Cooperation with authorities is made difficult . 15) Children are exposed to accidents . 16) Greater punishment of boys than girls in order to “become men” leads to greater vulnerability to future use of drugs and alcohol.

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On society: 1 ) Victimized children and adolescents tend to reproduce the practice of punishment in adult life. 2) Stimulates new generations to use punishment as a way to solve conflicts . 3) Leads to the belief that there are two kinds of citizens.

Corporal punishment prevention: 

Corporal punishment prevention 1. Governments should create national laws against all forms of physical and humiliating punishment and make systems to implement and properly moni­tor. 2. Governments should ensure that laws are widely known by everybody. 3. Adults (parents, teachers, law enforcement professionals etc., should behave lovingly and affectionately towards children by practicing positive discipline and not physical and humiliating punishment. 4. Teachers should be given proper teacher’s training and training on alternatives to corporal punishment. 5. All children are to be informed through campaigns and publicity drives that they have a right to speak against corporal punishment and bring it to the notice of the authorities . They must be given confidence to make complaints and not accept punishment as a ‘normal’ activity of the school .

Corporal punishment prevention: 

Corporal punishment prevention 6. There should be mechanisms in school and out of school where children can complain about unfair punishments . 7. Further a box where children can drop their complaints, even if anonymous has to be provided for in each school . 8. Parents as well as children are to be empowered to speak out against corporal punishment without any fear that it would have adverse effect on children’s participation in schools . 9. The education department at all levels should establish procedures for reviewing the responses to the complaints of children and monitoring the action taken on the same .

Conclusion & Recommendation: 

Conclusion & Recommendation Corporal punishment is an ineffective method of discipline. Corporal punishment should be eliminated. Schools should be a safe place. ALL WHAT WE WANT TO SAY IS :