On the Status and Evolution of Cartography

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On the Status and Evolution of Cartography in Russia:

On the Status and Evolution of Cartography in Russia Vladimir A. Seredovich , Dmitry V. Lisitsky Siberian State Academy of Geodesy, Russian Federation

The population of Russia on 2012 was 143,3 mln people, total area – 17,09 246 sq. km. Russia is the first by its territory and the ninth by the population. :

The population of Russia on 2012 was 143,3 mln people, total area – 17,09 246 sq. km. Russia is the first by its territory and the ninth by the population .

The cartographic activity is regulated by the legal framework.:

The cartographic activity is regulated by the legal framework.

The mail issues of mapping are::

The mail issues of mapping are: Supplying educational institutions and population by cartographic products, engineering surveys and cartographic coverage for delineation and demarcation, and control of state bourder line.

Today national topographic maps covering the whole territory of Russia are produced in the following scales::

Today national topographic maps covering the whole territory of Russia are produced in the following scales: 1:1 000 000 1:500 000 1:200 000 1:100 000 1:50 000 1:25 000

There are maps in scale 1:10,000 covering all industrial and agricultural territories with a total area 4,5 mln sq. km. Topographic maps in scales 1:10,000, 1:25,000 were produced for continental shelf and inland water bodies with total area 350,000 sq. km.:

There are maps in scale 1:10,000 covering all industrial and agricultural territories with a total area 4,5 mln sq. km. Topographic maps in scales 1:10,000, 1:25,000 were produced for continental shelf and inland water bodies with total area 350,000 sq. km.

The total volume of base topographic maps at scales 1:10,000. 1:1,000,000 includes 517,202 map sheets.:

The total volume of base topographic maps at scales 1:10,000. 1:1,000,000 includes 517 , 202 map sheets.

A great volume of surveying works are carried out for the land cadastre.:

A great volume of surveying works are carried out for the land cadastre.

Plans in scales 1:2,000, 1:5,000 were created for all the cities, settlements and industrial areas.:

Plans in scales 1:2,000, 1:5,000 were created for all the cities, settlements and industrial areas.

National topographic maps are updated. For these purposes are used advanced and effective technologies, and created digital cartographic data bases.:

National topographic maps are updated. For these purposes are used advanced and effective technologies, and created digital cartographic data bases.

The unified national system of coordinates of 1995 (СК-95) was adopted and by the decision № 568 of the RF Government in 28 July 2002 and introduced in 01 July 2002.:

The unified national system of coordinates of 1995 ( СК -95) was adopted and by the decision № 568 of the RF Government in 28 July 2002 and introduced in 01 July 2002.

The new system of coordinate (СК-95) was agreed upon the national geodetic reference system.:

The new system of coordinate (СК-95) was agreed upon the national geodetic reference system .

1990s laid down a new stage in the development of geodesy and cartography and related to adoption of online GPS positioning and digital cartographic procedures based on remote sensing data.:

1990s laid down a new stage in the development of geodesy and cartography and related to adoption of online GPS positioning and digital cartographic procedures based on remote sensing data.

The design of high precision national geodetic network (from 1999) is the main part of new highly efficient national system of geodetic coverage of RF territories based on satellite geodesy methods and global navigation satellite systems GLONASS and GPS.:

The design of high precision national geodetic network (from 1999) is the main part of new highly efficient national system of geodetic coverage of RF territories based on satellite geodesy methods and global navigation satellite systems GLONASS and GPS.

Topographical surveys of continental shelves and lakes are carried out by the national topographic and geodetic survey covering area about 279,300 sq. km. There were created maps for large water reservoirs and lakes located on the European part of Russia.:

Topographical surveys of continental shelves and lakes are carried out by the national topographic and geodetic survey covering area about 279,300 sq. km. There were created maps for large water reservoirs and lakes located on the European part of Russia.

The national catalogue of RF geographic names is created.:

The national catalogue of RF geographic names is created.

Geographic and thematic mapping is aimed at the needs of various users who would like to know much about the nature, resources and national development of country regions.:

Geographic and thematic mapping is aimed at the needs of various users who would like to know much about the nature, resources and national development of country regions.

Thematic mapping for this period is marked by rapid development and diversity.:

Thematic mapping for this period is marked by rapid development and diversity.

Geographic, scientifically-based and reference, thematic and tutorial, tourist and aggregate maps and atlases, relief maps and globes are produced. :

Geographic, scientifically-based and reference, thematic and tutorial, tourist and aggregate maps and atlases, relief maps and globes are produced.

The national atlas of Russia including four volumes has been created.:

The national atlas of Russia including four volumes has been created.

During last decade national surveying companies issued a lot of fundamental cartographic items.:

During last decade national surveying companies issued a lot of fundamental cartographic items.

By today geographic maps of RF territories and its regions, federal districts, etc. in different scales were published. :

By today geographic maps of RF territories and its regions, federal districts, etc. in different scales were published.

In 1993-2004 the national cartographic and geodetic survey published the following maps and atlases: :

In 1993-2004 the national cartographic and geodetic survey published the following maps and atlases: topographic map of Russia, constituent entities of the Russian Federation, geographical atlases of Russia, road atlases, etc.

Aggregate maps and atlases are contained to be produced for different regions of Russia::

Aggregate maps and atlases are contained to be produced for different regions of Russia: Lake Baikal, Krasnoyarsk Region, Republic of Khakassia , Sakhalin Region, Moscow, Yakutsk, Novosibirsk, Vladivostok and others.

Cartographic tutorials are developed and published for higher educational institutions and colleges. :

Cartographic tutorials are developed and published for higher educational institutions and colleges.

In 1997 the electronic atlas “Our Earth” was published This atlas was developed by the Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of sciences together with US Institute of Environmental Investigations. Along with it other atlases were produced. :

In 1997 the electronic atlas “Our Earth” was published This atlas was developed by the Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of sciences together with US Institute of Environmental Investigations. Along with it other atlases were produced.

The Russian Federal Service of Land Cadaster issued a series of maps “Using of Russia’s lands” and Atlas of Russian lands.:

The Russian Federal Service of Land Cadaster issued a series of maps “Using of Russia’s lands” and Atlas of Russian lands.

Types of mapping (thematical mapping)::

Types of mapping ( thematical mapping) : Road mapping Archeological mapping Aerial and navigation mapping Mapping of bio-variety Virtual mapping Military mapping Geographical mapping Geoinformational mapping Geological mapping Geomorphologic mapping Geo-ecological mapping Hydrographic mapping urban mapping Railway mapping Land resources mapping Historical mapping Classical mapping Heritage mapping Mapping of forests Mapping of oceans and seas Large-scale mapping Small-scale mapping Landscape mapping Multimedia mapping National economy mapping Mapping of soils Protected natural object mapping Environmental mapping Emergency situations mapping Vegetation mapping Radioactive pollution mapping Special mapping Satellite mapping Statistical mapping Tourist mapping Physical mapping Digital mapping Electronic mapping Ecological mapping Economic mapping Ethnic mapping

Dear colleagues! Now you can realize that Russia is the largest country in the world and actively involved in the mapping of its territory.   Thank you much for your attention!:

Dear colleagues! Now you can realize that Russia is the largest country in the world and actively involved in the mapping of its territory. Thank you much for your attention!

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