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Premium member Presentation Transcript 14 Eating Disorders and Facts You Never Knew About Them: 14 Eating Disorders and Facts You Never Knew About Them And 13 insane diets guaranteed to make you starve, sleepy, vomit or bored 13 Most Commonly Known EDs: 3 Most Commonly Known EDs Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa Binge Eating (there’s no nervosa on the end of that one 2 Watch RealityHistorical Roots of Anorexia: Historical Roots of Anorexia 3 Anorexia – History Anorexic habits began awaaay back in history with reports of this behaviour around the early – mid Middle Ages Fasting, as it was called, was typical of nuns and women associated with religious orders. Women had no political rights during the MA and Renaissance and fasting was a means of protest. AN wasn’t labelled as such until the 16 th – 17 th centuries. Watch hunger point part 1Anorexia Nervosa: Anorexia Nervosa 4 Watch The Face of Anorexia – CBS News This woman is now deceased.Side Effects of Anorexia: Side Effects of Anorexia 5 Watch anorexia and rewardBulimia History: Bulimia History 6 We have ancient history to thank for the origins of this illness. Ancient Romans practiced bulimia except it was socially acceptable . When upper class Romans attended large banquets provided by affluent families they ate beyond fullness. However they wanted to eat more of the sumptuous food so they entered a `` purging chamber `` and used a stick or their finger to vomit. With their stomachs emptied they returned to the feast. Gross. Watch hunger point 2 Watch 1000 ways to die gorgeous gorgeBulimia Nervosa (that means nervous): Bulimia Nervosa (that means nervous) Nervosa was added to anorexia and bulimia erroneously awaaay back in history when a doctor described a princess (seriously) as having a nervous condition noted by a lack of eating…..it’s not nerves…..good guess though. BN is eating massive amounts of food then purging. 7 Watch How to recognize signs and symptoms of bulimiaSide Effects of Bulimia: Side Effects of Bulimia 8 Watch 1000 ways to die gag reflexBinge Eating Disorder: Binge Eating Disorder 9 Binge Eating Eating massive amounts of dreadfully unhealthy food at one sitting No purging afterward Results in morbid obesity Self-loathing/shame – they don’t binge eat in front of others Sometimes co-morbid with anorexia nervosa (I didn’t know that – but I guess it makes sense) The most common ED – see you never knew that did you? Watch how to stop overeating part 2 Watch 1000 ways to die gut bunchedSlide 10: 10 Purging Disorder No binging – just purging Purging isn’t just vomiting – it’s excessive exercise; using laxatives and enemas Obsessed with thinness A form of Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified PDs are at normal or near-normal weight (you know how some days you “feel fat”…well PDs do something about it Watch thin part 1Compulsive Overeating: Compulsive Overeating 11 Also called food addiction…an obsessive compulsiveness about food. Compulsive overeaters eat when they are not hungry (and??). They spend excessive amounts of time thinking about food. Some COs grazefood . In their case it results in eating a large amount of calories even if the quantities eaten are small ….rip off! Watch A missing piece to overeating: why diets failRumination Syndrome: Rumination Syndrome 12 This one has something in common with a weird way of eating called Mastication (stop that, you). It’s rather disgusting. Ruminating is regurgitation of food after eating, but its not vomiting. After its regurgitated some people re-swallow it . Yech . Side effects are tummy aches, constipation, bloating and bad teeth. Imagine a dinner date with a ruminator? Me neither.Diabulimia: Diabulimia 13 This one is truly scary. A person with Type I diabetes deliberately gives themselves less insulin. How crazy is that? Not putting insulin in the bod makes the person go into starvation mode, causing breakdown of muscle and fat. And the body can’t process sugars so the sugars are voided in urine rather than being used by the body as stored fat. I mean seriously how badly does a person want to be thin???Food Maintenance: Food Maintenance 14 This one is sad . Foster kids learn this one…aberrant eating behaviours from the stress and maltreatment of foster care. K ids eat excessive amounts of food and display food acquisition (they hide their food) without having obesity. It often occurs with Hyperphagic Short Stature syndrome (HSS ), brought on by high stress. Cruel foster parents should be jailed for life . When foster kids are removed from foster “care” they improve over time. Foster kids need more than food and roofEating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified: Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified 15 EDNOS is describe as " disorders of eating that do not meet the criteria for any specific eating disorder ". It describes eating habits that show some but not all of the symptoms of anorexia and bulimia nervosa. For example an almost bulimic person may binge and purge but not often enough to warrant a diagnosis of bulimia. Some people fit all the symptoms for both anorexia and bulimia . Ouch. Watch eating disorders not otherwise specifiedOrthorexia Nervosa: Orthorexia Nervosa ON is a fixation with healthy or righteous eating and has been referred to as a mental disorder. This fixation can become so extreme that it can lead to severe malnutrition or even death. ON is linked with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder…oh, you think? 16 Watch orthorexia nervosalycorexia: 17 Lycorexia is one of the Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified . Lycorexics eat large amounts of food but do not vomit or take laxatives. They over-exercise or they fast. They repeat the cycle over and over. lycorexia Watch 1000 ways to die eaten alivePica : Pica 18 Watch OCD death & pica an appetite for non-food substances Watch 1000 ways to die chew bomber Watch 1000 ways to die midnight chokerGeophagia: 19 Another form of Pica except geophagics e at clay or dirt . It is also classified under Eating Disorders Otherwise Not Specified. A woman in a Central American country began eating the walls of her hut. She was treated at a clinic and it was discovered she was missing calcium in her diet. She began eating foods with calcium and eventually weaned herself off of eating her house. Geophagia Watch is eating dirt bad for you? Watch 1000 ways to die dirt eaterTrichotillophagia: Trichotillophagia 20 A totally bizarre condition that is responsible for hair loss in most children. Trichotillophagia is a psychiatric condition, considered to be an OCD symptom. It is often co-morbid with borderline personality disorder and addictive disorders. It causes significant hair loss to the point where people wear wigs and scarves. Some pull out their eyebrow and eyelash hair. Some trichotillophagics eat their hair . It is a very embarrassing condition leading to social isolation. Watch trichotillomania – stop pulling your hair out Watch 1000 ways to die rug munchedNight Eating Syndrome: Night E ating S yndrome 21 NES is described as no appetite for breakfast, eating more than 50% of calories after an evening meal, waking up at least once a night to consume high calorie snacks. Foods eaten during the night time binge are often high caloric in content and unhealthy. Night-eating syndrome is different from binge eating and bulimia because relatively small snacks are eaten at night but far more often than BEs or bulimics. Watch night eating syndrome stop over eating at nightMental Disorders ….. Not?: Mental Disorders ….. Not? 22 Several of the mentioned disorders, such as diabulimia , food maintenance syndrome and orthorexia nervosa, are not considered to be mental disorders in any of the medical manuals, such as the ICD-10 or the DSM-IV-TR .Causes : Causes 23 One theory states "Genetics loads the gun, environment pulls the trigger." This means some people are born with a predisposition for EDs, and these can be triggered by the environment. Some theorists make a big deal out of Mendelian inheritance , meaning people inherit ED genetics from their folks…..one more thing to blame on Mom and Dad. Watch eating disorders: it starts in the genesBiological Causes - I: Biological Causes - I 24 g enetics – that mendelian thing s erotonin - neurotransmitter n orepinephrine - neurotransmitter l eptin – regulatory hormone g hrelin – appetite hormone i mmune system OCD Watch seeing hungry Watch leptin rewiringBiological Causes - II: Biological Causes - II 25 o bstetric c omplications p oor p renatal c are tumours lesions b rain calcification b ody dysmorphia e pigenetics – environment alters DNA Watch anorexia clinic rhodes farm – 2/5Psychological Causes: Psychological Causes 26 Media Environment Foster Care Child Abuse Body Dysmorphia Social Isolation Unstable Family Parental Influence Peer Pressure Culture Mental Illness PersonalityTraits Personality Disorders Watch bare bones – a look at eating disordersBody Dysmorphia: Body Dysmorphia 27 BD is a bizarre psycho-neurological syndrome where people see themselves as extremely deformed and monstrous in appearance although there is no basis for it. Sometimes BDs seek out plastic surgery and when rejected BDs attempt their own surgery on themselves with disastrous results. Body Dysmorphia – Part I Dr Phil Watch 1000 ways to die fill er up Watch 1000 ways to die fatty splattyChild Abuse: Child Abuse Sexual abuse often leads to anorexia, bulimia, or binge eating. Anorexics self-starve so they can “disappear”; bulimics and BEs become obese so males won’t find them attractive. 28 Watch eating disorders and abuseUnstable Family: Unstable Family 29 Families where parents keep separating then re-uniting, or families who fight constantly lead to youth who develop eating disorders. Others react with EDs out of guilt, believing they caused the family’s problems. And you thought you had problems? Watch parents can unwittingly foster eating disorders in their childrenParental Influence: Parental Influence 30 Also known as learned behaviour….when Mommy has an eating disorder her daughters often imitate her behaviour. Some parents encourage daughters to develop EDs by telling their daughters they are overweight and unattractive. Nice. Watch father shackles girl for over eating Watch mother and daughter body imagesSocial Isolation: 31 SI has an enormous impact on children and youth. Often it leads to bullying and in extreme cases, suicide. Culture, belief systems, a lack of social skills can all lead to SI. SI is so harmful to human development that many incarcerated prisoners experienced SI during childhood. Watch causes of anorexia nervosa Social IsolationMental Illness: Mental Illness 32 Eating Disorders are especially difficult to treat when they manifest as a symptom of mental illness. Sometimes the mentally ill person views themselves in a distorted manner; sometimes it is a known symptom of an illness such as schizophrenia.Personality Disorders: Personality Disorders 33 Co-morbidity with personality disorders results in a significant percentage of eating disorders. For instance, paranoid personalities may express EDs since they don’t believe reassurances that their weight is normal. “ They’re just saying that to be nice ” or “ They’re trying to fool me ” is the kind of thinking a PP exhibits.Personality Traits: Personality Traits Personality traits differ from disorders in that the traits people express generally don’t interfere with daily functioning . For instance an extremely paranoid person may not leave the house for weeks. Personality traits express how a single individual reacts to stress: one child in foster care may develop food maintenance disorder while another may not. 34The Media: 35 The Media You know when criminals say that porn or movies made them kill someone or do something else nasty….well that`s mostly nonsense. There may be truth to it if a child is regularly exposed to horrible media. The media has a HUGE impact on females and body image. Don`t trick yourself into saying ` well now I know all these causes and it`s genetics and biochemistry `. Those things are the loaded gun but don`t forget the environment is the trigger. The Mirror in My Mind: Body Image & Self-EsteemBody Changes: Body Changes 36 All girls go through significant body changes as they grow. At times they may look a little `pudgy``, but they usually outgrow this stage. Isabelle Caro’s (famous anorexia model) mother measured her height and weight fanatically Her mother wouldn’t let Caro her go outside to get fresh air in case it made her grow.. Caro died in 2010 from complications due to anorexia…her mother committed suicide. Parents must love and accept their daughters as they are and be alert for EDs.Treatment: 37 There is no cure for eating disorders (sucks). However there are treatments that include : Medications Support group therapy Interpersonal Psyhotherapy Family counselling In-patient care Out-patient care Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Behavioural Therapy Music Therapy Art Therapy Recreation Therapy TreatmentTreatment: Treatment 38 Watch Recovering from Eating DisordersEating Disorders Around the Globe – part I: Eating Disorders Around the Globe – part I 39 In parts of Africa ( Maritania for instance) and India obese women are very desirable. It is much easier for an obese African or Indian woman to get married than a slim woman since obesity is a sign of wealth. Starting around age 7, girls are force fed on fat farms but not many families practice this tradition anymore. W omen who gorge themselves eat cattle feed because it is cheap and easy to obtain. On the farm girls are forced to eat constantly, as they scream and cry in protest. Where I’m from this is known as child abuse .Eating Disorders Around the Globe - Part II: Eating Disorders Around the Globe - Part II 40 Read eating disorders around the globe Eating disorders are prevalent in many countries worldwide. Most foreign women suffer from anorexia nervosa. AN affects people of both genders, and any age , race, class, and sexual preference. ED clinics are on the rise in Iran , Korea, Turkey, Japan, Hong Kong, Thailand and Africa In Japan EDs are part of the mother-daughter relationship: mothers exert control over their daughters and out of frustration the daughters develop ED.Changing Theologies: Changing Theologies 41 O besity as attractive was disappearing for a time. Young men wanted thinner women but obesity made a significant comeback. A woman who runs a fat farm (cult) in Mauritania brags she saw a 10-year-old give birth because her obesity had netted her a husband: “ Once they are fat and beautiful they can serve their men well.” Watch africa uncovered – Mauritania: fat or fictiona sample of countries with eating disorders: a sample of countries with eating disorders 42 china japan thailand malaysia singapore n orth korea australia u nited states canada mexico brazil columbia chile peru india mauritania russia italy france u nited kingdom tanzania s outh africa romania ukraineWhat`s your beautiful?: What`s your beautiful? 43 ethnicity individuality heredity culture u nique body h ealthy eating f amily and friendsCrazy diet 1 / Masticulation: Crazy diet 1 / Masticulation 44 Technically masticulation is not a diet….it’s a weird way of eating that goes well with rumination….except you don’t spit up your food again. Masticulation means to chew….and every bite you take is supposed to be 32 chews . Yep. 32. Good luck with that. See your dentist. Watch how the body works chewing and bitingFruitarian : Fruitarian 45 You are what you eat. A fruitarian diet is 90% fruit and 10% nuts and seeds. It’s not a diet – it’s a lifestyle. Ugh. Watch how to become a fruitarianPaleo (caveman) diet: 46 This one isn’t as gross as it sounds, really. These people are into lean cuts of red meat all day long….but it’s balanced with veggies. No fruit. No processed foods. No fun. Welcome to the paleolithic period in earth’s history. Paleo (caveman) diet Watch the stone age diet Watch the paleo dietBreatharians: Breatharians 47 Just what it sounds like…these people don’t eat food or drink liquids. They claim they just need to breathe and believe in some kind of spiritual light. They follow the teachings of this total phony named Jasmuheen . They’re all dead now…just kidding. Watch say no to food – message from breathariansSleeping Beauty: Sleeping Beauty 48 These cracked pots take sleeping pills and snore for 2 – 3 days so they don’t feel the need to eat. When they wake up they swear they are a little thinner…of course they’re starving by then so they have to gorge themselves. Elvis Presley was a fan of this diet and look how he turned out. Watch 1000 ways to die chunka chunka burning loveLiquid Diet: Liquid Diet 49 No, no. Not that kind of liquid. This is all about water, juice, plant-based broth, smoothies , milk, anything liquid. But not booze. You’ll be the life of the party. Watch healthy food choices for the liquid diets Watch 1000 ways to die blend deadalcohol diet: 50 Blame William the Conqueror for this one. If the Liquid Diet doesn’t do it for you why not make the leap to the AD. Okay so you’ll lose your job, licence, spouse and friends. The point is you won’t have to worry about food anymore. a lcohol diet Watch are you drunkorexic Watch 1000 ways to die bird brain Watch 1000 ways to die toilet rolledTapeworm Diet: Tapeworm Diet 51 The “dieter” swallows a cyst that settles in the stomach or intestinal tract . A tapeworm is a parasite that eats the host’s calories but it lays eggs and its young can eat through the intestines. Watch 1000 ways to die die-it Watch cocky tapeworm diet expert Watch The tapeworm diet part I You’ll fit that size 6 dress in time for your funeral . Some tapeworms slip through the intestines and crawl down the leg like a caterpillar Tapeworms can access the brain and cause seizures or psychosis .Microlivestock (Insect) Diet: Microlivestock (Insect) Diet 52 Not the same as the tapeworm diet…these things are dead and cooked. They are an excellent source of protein and cheap to buy. Third world countries often live on the insect diet. They’re cheaper to raise than cattle and they use less space and soil. They’re much cleaner than most animals….they just live and dine on dirt…go figure. Watch see to believe: insect store Watch 1000 ways to die snail baitgraham diet: g raham diet 53 Yawwwwwn . The GD is all about eating food like graham crackers – you know, banal, boring, blah. The idea is to turn you off food so much you eat until you’re full and then you can’t wait to stop eating again. Um…the jury’s out.Cookie Diet: 54 Cookie D iet That’s right. Fill up on cookies then finish with a light evening meal. Never mind nutrition or food that appeals to the palate. Give Cookie Monster a run for his money (and his cookies). Watch the real deal on the cookie dietMono Diet : Mono Diet Good heavens no…not that kind of mono. Whenever you eat breakfast or lunch you can only have one food, for instance a bowl of oranges or a plate of carrots. However for dinner some monos will have a mixed salad. I have no idea what they do for dessert. Are you still on the MD if you eat only hot fundge sundaes for a meal? 55 Watch eating a mono diet for internal cleansingInstinctive Eating: Instinctive Eating 56 Just what it sounds like…IEs allow their instincts to guide them as to what they should eat. Of course the choices are pre-planned and laid out for them….a typical spread includes veggies, fruits, grains, nuts and seeds, no dairy and no cooked or processed foods. An instincto eats until they hit a “stop” - when the food doesn’t taste good anymore or they’ve had enough.. They’re all instincto -d out. Sheesh . Watch diet tips: why you’re not going to lose weightwhat have we learned?: w hat have we learned? 57 Not to eat those weird diets….I threw them in there for comic relief. 2. Societies value women for their bodies & servitude….prove them wrong. 3. There is help for every male or female who suffers from an eating disorder. 4 . The journey of 1,000 miles begins with a single step. Watch dove evolution commercialEvery-body is beautiful: 58 Watch designing my plus size clothing line Watch dressing your body type – the strawberry Watch dressing your body type – the tall athletic type Watch dressing your body type – the petite pear Watch Dressing your body type – the hourglass Every-body is beautiful You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.