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Think of improving something. tODAY … wHAT? : m n RAJU wHAT? generation of new ideas or concepts new associations between existing ideas or concepts simply the act of making something new KNOWTHATIDEAS EXIST : m n RAJU KNOWTHATIDEAS EXIST hOW mANY iDEAS? : m n RAJU hOW mANY iDEAS? Innumerable Filmy tunes Recipe books Lions Peace Poster Contest 1500 patents for barbed wire When I first started teaching my students, I told them every problem has a solution, an answer, an idea. : m n RAJU When I first started teaching my students, I told them every problem has a solution, an answer, an idea. I now know that there are hundreds of solutions, hundreds of ideas, hundreds of answers. Maybe thousands. Maybe infinite…. I was wrong! nOT dONE yET! : m n RAJU The greatest picture is not yet painted! The greatest play is not yet written! The greatest poem is not yet sung! There isn’t in the world a perfect railroad, a perfect government, nor a sound law! Physics, mathematics, and the most advanced and the exact of the sciences are being fundamentally revised! Psychology, economics and sociology are waiting for a Darwin! nOT dONE yET! wHO iS cREATIVE? : m n RAJU Whoever thinks creates Ordinary people get good ideas everyday Everyone creates, invents and discovers We figure out ways of resolving problems - making things easier, better or cheaper Thought is the original source of all great discoveries and inventions. wHO iS cREATIVE? cAN wE dEVELOP iT? : m n RAJU cAN wE dEVELOP iT? yes Slide 10: m n RAJU Children ask . . . Why is the sky blue? Why do we have toes? Why don’t refrigerators have drawers? Why don’t all taps have foot pedals? Why don’t cars have fuel caps on both sides? What is the birthday of the world? As they grow older, they hardly ever ask . . . “Children enter school as question marks and leave as periods.” Neil Postman Become a question mark again aSK wHY . . . : m n RAJU Why do you do the same thing the same time the same way in the same order every day? Why go to work the same way? Why read the same parts of the newspaper? Why watch the same channel? Why buy the same things? Why eat, dress, live and even think the same way? aSK wHY . . . Slide 12: m n RAJU Read one book about a subject in which you have no interest. Watch an unknown TV channel. Order a new dish in a restaurant without knowing what it is. See a movie you think you will dislike. Touch the bark of a few trees. Have lunch with someone different. Listen intently to music you don’t like. Visit a place you have never visited before. Study a new language. Paint a picture. You need not do all these. Do something. Something different, something to get out of your rut. wHY aSK . . . : m n RAJU ‘It is better to know some of the questions than all of the answers.’ – James Thurber wHY aSK . . . a h r n o m t o : m n RAJU a h r n o m t o Ask, ask, ask, ask, ask, ask, ask, ask. Be possessed with an idea. You’ll find information all around you. Information is the springboard to your ideas. G T E I F R A I N hOW? : m n RAJU Play ‘What if?’ What if we turned the product into a person? What kind? An animal? What kind? What if we made the product smaller, larger, colorful, colorless, cheaper, costlier, stronger, lighter, more friendly, more efficient? What could we add, subtract, change or improve? hOW? hOW? : m n RAJU Exercise: in the next ten minutes, find 50 uses for the …... hOW? hOW? : m n RAJU You stand outside a room. There are three switches in front of you. Only one of these turns the light on inside the room. You may make as many attempts as you want with the switches, but you may enter the room only once to check your guess. Discover which is the correct switch. hOW? hOW? : m n RAJU Provocative Operation (Po) hOW? hOW? : m n RAJU Define the problem Open mind & apply creative techique Identify the best solution Transform hOW? hOW? : m n RAJU ‘What would a fool say?’ (to control petrol prices) Name this decade. If I had ten fingers on each palm! A new motto for your organization. Reverse your point of view (POV) on proverbs. Design a calendar. hOW? hOW tO kILL iT? : m n RAJU hOW tO kILL iT? Rewards Evaluation Surveillance Over control Competition Restricting choice Pressure Watch TV Slide 22: m n RAJU Using literature, ask your students to create a new ending to a story, change a character or situation within a story, or create a new beginning for the story that would result in the same ending. - afresh- unique - different- laterally- outside the box : m n RAJU - afresh- unique - different- laterally- outside the box THINK HOW DO WE INNOVATE? Alter your Attitudestoalter your lives : m n RAJU Alter your Attitudestoalter your lives ‘IMPOSSIBILITY’ is a word found only in the dictionary of fools. - Napolean LATERAL THINKING : m n RAJU LATERAL THINKING Reformulate the problem (Edward de Bono, Management guru) A poor farmer’s daughter & a moneylender Why are students not joining our college? How can I get more money? ‘THREE DAYS TO SEE’ – Helen Keller’ Speech : m n RAJU ‘THREE DAYS TO SEE’ – Helen Keller’ Speech LEARN HOW TO White car Game Heads down – and answer questions - discover the magic of seeing BE COURAGEOUS : m n RAJU BE COURAGEOUS Fear of rejection shuts down the idea factory “EVERY IDEA HAS TO PASS THROUGH THREE STAGES: - RIDICULE- OPPOSITION- ACCEPTANCE.”- Swamy Vivekananda Edison – ‘I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work.’ FAILURES? STEPPING STONES! : m n RAJU FAILURES? STEPPING STONES! Every rejection is an opportunity Ray Bradbury – Weekly stories for ten years before the smash hit Kepler – Nine years of work before finding the elliptical paths of planets Galileo Jesus NO IDEA IS A BAD IDEA! : m n RAJU NO IDEA IS A BAD IDEA! Madam Curie – Radium Roentgen – X-rays Fleming – Penicillin Somebody – Potato chips Columbus – America Moral? Never cry over spilled milk. Find a use for it!! LEARN HOW TO COMBINE : m n RAJU LEARN HOW TO COMBINE Find Analogues Break the Rules Play ‘what if?’ Look to Other Fields Take Chances LOOK FOR ANALOGUES : m n RAJU LOOK FOR ANALOGUES What is it similar to? What is it dissimilar to? BREAK THE RULES : m n RAJU BREAK THE RULES Rules are a great way to get ideas - All you have to do is to break them! Picasso Freud Pasteur G M Hopkins e e cummins Six drinking glasses stand in a row, with the first three full of water and the next three empty. : m n RAJU Six drinking glasses stand in a row, with the first three full of water and the next three empty. By handling and moving only one glass how can you arrange the six glasses so that no full glass stands next to another empty one ? : m n RAJU By handling and moving only one glass how can you arrange the six glasses so that no full glass stands next to another empty one ? SEARCH FOR THE IDEA : m n RAJU SEARCH FOR THE IDEA Think of TWENTY uses for the paperclip in TWO minutes LOOK TO OTHER FIELDS : m n RAJU LOOK TO OTHER FIELDS Allow cross fertilization of ideas See how English has grown! Exploding world of informationall around,if we care to look. : m n RAJU Exploding world of informationall around,if we care to look. GET OUT OF YOUR RUT! RETHINK YOUR THINKING : m n RAJU RETHINK YOUR THINKING Visualize, instead of Verbalizing Think laterally vs logically Don’t assume boundaries that aren’t there (plant four trees so that each tree is exactly the same distance from each of the other three trees.) Nine dots, four lines problem Paper airplanes What assumptions am I making that I don’t have to make? PUT YOUR IDEA INTO ACTION : m n RAJU PUT YOUR IDEA INTO ACTION Start right now! Commitment creates action! Give yourself a deadline! Premature declaration List things to do Burn your boats Stay at it (used car sales) PERSISTENCE AND DETERMINATIONALONE ARE OMNIPOTENT : m n RAJU PERSISTENCE AND DETERMINATIONALONE ARE OMNIPOTENT MORE OFTEN THAN NOT, PEOPLE DON’T FAIL,THEY STOP TRYING ‘Many of life’s failures are people who didn’t realize how close they were to success when they gave up.’ - Edison Dialogue from Sai Slide 41: m n RAJU Talent doesn’t– look at the unsuccessful people with talentWealth doesn’t– look at the born-rich who die poorGenius doesn’t– look at the unrewarded geniusEducation doesn’t– look at the educated derelictsLuck doesn’t– look at the toppled kings : m n RAJU Talent doesn’t– look at the unsuccessful people with talentWealth doesn’t– look at the born-rich who die poorGenius doesn’t– look at the unrewarded geniusEducation doesn’t– look at the educated derelictsLuck doesn’t– look at the toppled kings Nothing in the worldtakes the place of PERSISTENCE You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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