English Vocabulary

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a slideshow specially designed for non-english teachers in engineering colleges to help them improve their vocabulary and to help them learn certain vocabulary learning and teaching techniques.


Presentation Transcript

Learning & Teaching Vocabulary: 

Learning & Teaching Vocabulary m n R A J U “Words are one of our chief means of adjusting to all the situations of life.” - Bergen Evans

PowerPoint Presentation: 

mnRAJU Choose Four active appreciative awesome bright brilliant broadminded careful caring cheerful clear-eyed committed compelling competitive cooperative creative critical determined earnest energetic engaging enthusiastic forgiving friendly generous goal-minded helpful humble influential innovative inspiring jovial kind knowledgeable laughing learned loyal motivating nurturing optimistic painstaking patient pleasant positive professional quick-witted resourceful sociable sincere skilful supportive suspicious sympathetic t alented tolerant trusting unbiased visionary wise youthful zealous

PowerPoint Presentation: 

mnRAJU Name Game Think of an adjective beginning with the first letter of your name to describe yourself. Introduce yourself to others using that adjective. (e.g., I am R aju. I am R ational.) Remember the adjectives others use to describe themselves. Introduce two or three colleagues to class.

PowerPoint Presentation: 

? mnRAJU What Do You Expect to Learn? Ambition Disposition Schema Limit Aspiration Mark Desire Intent Purpose Scheme Intention Target Destination Design Goal End Aim Blueprint Wish Object Plan Objective

You will learn . . .: 

mnRAJU You will learn . . . What is a word? Why learn more words? How many words does one need? Which words to learn? What does ‘knowing a word’ mean? Vocabulary learning strategies Vocabulary Games/Activities/Tips Technical words

What is a WORD?: 

mnRAJU What is a WORD? “A unit of language, consisting of one or more spoken sounds or their written representation, that functions as a principal carrier of meaning.” one or more morphemes/phonemes smallest unit for independent use separated by spaces in writing

Why learn more words?: 

mnRAJU Why learn more words? to meet our needs to communicate effectively to build thoughts to understand ideas to contribute to human knowledge “The more words you know, the more clearly and powerfully you will think and the more ideas you will invite into your mind.” - Wilfred Funk

How many words to learn?: 

mnRAJU How many words to learn? Lexemic frequency dictionaries 80% of occurrences by only 20% of words 1,000 words for a basic conversation 2,000 words to survive through the day 8,000 words to converse with a European 15,000 word families for university studies

Which Words to Learn?: 

mnRAJU Which Words to Learn? N ew Known I mportant Not-so-important P roductive can recall & use in speech & writing Receptive can only comprehend while reading & listening

NIP Words: 

mnRAJU NIP Words

Knowing a Word means. . . : 

mnRAJU Knowing a Word means. . .


mnRAJU Spelling Spell these words right? anamolous , asbestas , boyancy , celcius , dessicant , equalibrium , farenheat , ossilation , sextent , saizmic , viscoscity , mathmatics , umblical card, sacreligious anomalous, asbestos, buoyancy, Celsius, desiccant, equilibrium, Fahrenheit, oscillation, sextant, seismic, viscosity, mathematics, umbilical cord, sacrilegious

Is Spelling Important?: 

mnRAJU Is Spelling Important?

Is Spelling Important?: 

mnRAJU Is Spelling Important? Olny srmat poelpe can raed tihs! cdnuolt blveiee taht I cluod aulaclty uesdnatnrd waht I was rdanieg. The phaonmneal pweor of the hmuan mnid, aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it deosn’t mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoatnt tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteers be in the rghit pclae. The rset can be a taotl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit a porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe. Amzanig, huh? Yaeh and I awlyas tghuhot slpeling was ipmorantt!

Is Spelling Important?: 

mnRAJU Is Spelling Important? The amount of grammer and usege arrow’s today is shaking. Not to menshun speling. If I was a teecher, I’d feel badly that less and less students seam to undestand the baysic principals of good righting. Niether the oldest high school students nor the youngest kindergartner know prepare usege. A stewdent offen thinks they can depend on word procesing programs to corect they’re errors. Know way! We should tale are childrun to study hard like we did at they’re edge and to watch less TV then there glassmates.

Tips to Learn Spelling: 

mnRAJU Tips to Learn Spelling Make the effort Look closely/photo memory Memorize Write/type the words List your difficult words Use mnemonics Keep a notebook


mnRAJU Pronunciation Say these words right? adhesion, clothes, language, development, espresso, forte, parentheses, suite, vehicle, knowledge engineer, jewelry, asterisk, routine, adjective, genuine / ædhiʒən /, / kloʊðz /, / læŋgwɪdʒ /, / dɪvɛləpmənt /, / ɛsprɛsoʊ /, / fɔrteɪ /, / pərɛn θ əsɪz /, / swit /, / viɪkəl /, / nɒlɪdʒ /, / ɛndʒənɪər /, / dʒuəlri /, / æstərɪsk /, / rutin /, / ædʒɪktɪv /, / dʒɛnyuɪn /

Tips to Learn Pronunciation: 

mnRAJU Tips to Learn Pronunciation Distinguish Drill Drill Drill Drill


mnRAJU Grammar Identify the action verbs in this passage? My cell phone rang almost immediately after I walked into the class and started the lesson. I had forgotten to switch it off. Let me silence it now. Will you also please put your phones in silent mode? rang, walked, started, had forgotten, switch off, silence, will put

Teaching words - Techniques: 

mnRAJU Teaching words - Techniques Definition Translation Examples Context Meaning Relation Mime Pictures Realia Pictogram


mnRAJU Definition


mnRAJU Translation


mnRAJU Examples/Context

Meaning Relation: 

mnRAJU Meaning Relation

Word Learning Strategies-1: 

mnRAJU Love words Increased exposure to English Intentional/incidental learning Guess from contextual clues Use the dictionary/thesaurus Ask someone Word Learning Strategies-1 Discover Words

Contextual Clues: 

mnRAJU Contextual Clues Rather than be involved in clandestine meetings, they did everything quite openly. The girl who used to be very vociferous doesn't talk much anymore. Pedagogical institutions, including high schools, kindergartens, and colleges, require community support to function efficiently. He was so parsimonious that he refused to give his own sons the few pennies they needed to buy pencils for school. It truly hurt him to part with his money.

Use a Dictionary: 

mnRAJU Use a Dictionary Explore a word that comes to your mind

Use a Thesaurus: 

mnRAJU Use a Thesaurus Two trucks loaded with thousands of copies of Roget's Thesaurus collided as they left a New York publishing house last Thursday, according to the Associated Press. Witnesses were aghast, amazed, astonished, astounded, bemused, benumbed, bewildered, confounded, confused, dazed, dazzled, disconcerted, disoriented, dumbstruck, electrified, flabbergasted, horrified, immobilized, incredulous, nonplussed, overwhelmed, paralyzed, perplexed, scared, shocked, startled, stunned, stupified, surprised, taken aback, traumatized, upset. . . .

Learn to Ask?: 

mnRAJU Learn to Ask? “What’s the English word for ___?” “How do you say____ in English?” “What does ____ mean in Hindi?” “Is it a kind of _____ ?” “Is it like a _____ ?”

Word Learning Strategies-2: 

mnRAJU Use imagery Use meaning relations Use word parts Mnemonics Word Learning Strategies-2 Remember Words

Pictograms & Word Pictures: 

mnRAJU Pictograms & Word Pictures

Synonyms & Antonyms: 

mnRAJU Synonyms & Antonyms Write S for Synonyms; A for Antonyms & U for Unrelated: 1 abridge - curtail 2 satiated - reverse 3 surfeit - paucity 4 clemency - mercy 5 tacit - explicit 6 zenith - rain 7 archive - format 8 random - hungry 9 ennui - boredom 10 fuse - mingle 11 random - precise 12 finite - rigid


mnRAJU Homonyms Distinguish the following pairs of words: Affect - Effect Desert - Dessert Elicit - Illicit Farther – Further Hoard – Horde Its – It’s Industrial -Industrious Loose - Lose Rise – Raise Sensitive - Sensible Tortuous - Torturous Waver - Waiver


mnRAJU Homophones Find homophones for each of these words: Allowed Birth Ceiling Dear Earn Four Grown Heard Idle Jewel Know Loan Mail Nose One Peace Quarts Red Steel Tale Veil Waste What Yolk

More Word Relations: 

mnRAJU More Word Relations Acronym Aptronym Contranym Autonym Bacronym capitonym Hypernym Hyponym Pseudonym Tautonym Metonym Meronym


mnRAJU Collocation Which words go with which verb? things, sure, difference, nothing, sense, decision, mistakes, well, homework, job, something, money, whatever, judgments, gardening, work, mistake, copies, effort, anything Make Do sure a difference sense a decision mistakes money judgments mistake copies effort things nothing well homework a job something whatever gardening work anything Make Do

Root Words: 

mnRAJU Root Words Match the root words with their meanings: Root Meaning anthrop year bell short arthro color chrom war vit believe cred joint brev life ann human http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_and_Latin_roots_in_English


mnRAJU Mnemonics The manners of articulation: S top F ooling A round N ow, L earn G ood V oicing Stop, Fricative, Affricate, Nasal, Liquid, Glide, Vowel Argument or arguement? Argument loses an ‘e’. Color Combinations B etter G et R eady W hen Y our M istress C omes B ack Primary colors - Blue, Green, Red = White Secondary colors - Yellow, Magenta, Cyan = Black Planets in order of distance from sun M y v ery e asy m ethod: j ust s et u p n ine p lanets.

Word Learning Strategies-3: 

mnRAJU Word Learning Strategies-3 Written repetition Spoken repetition Word lists Vocabulary notebooks Create meaningful sentences Link to personal experience Practise Words

Word Association: 

mnRAJU Word Association Nine Swap Cell Ring Lust Plugs Lamp Apple Table Sway Army Bank Fire Hold Worm Clock Horse Color Baby Sword Desk Hold Find Bird Rock Remember as many as you can

Word Association: 

mnRAJU Word Association Remember as many as you can Horse Cat Dog Fish Bird Orange Yellow Blue Green Black Table Chair Desk Stool Bed In Out With On Of Apple Melon Banana Grape Mango

Word Learning Strategies-4: 

mnRAJU Set word learning goals Make conscious effort Test yourself Review repeatedly Devote specific time Word Learning Strategies-4 Master Words

Word Games - Crossword: 

mnRAJU Word Games - Crossword

Word Games - Anagrams: 

mnRAJU Word Games - Anagrams monday ytrmgoee accioust adegnr Unscramble these words: rdecaa rusiv yribna hammcnsei

PowerPoint Presentation: 

mnRAJU Send your comments to lionnagaraju@in.com This slideshow is available at www.authorstream.com/tag/lionnagaraju www.slideshare.net/lionnagaraju Thank you

PowerPoint Presentation: 

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