English Vocabulary

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a slideshow specially designed for non-english teachers in engineering colleges to help them improve their vocabulary and to help them learn certain vocabulary learning and teaching techniques.

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Vocabulary :

words words words words words words words words words words words words words words w words words words words words words words words words words words words words words wor words words words words words words words words words words words words words words word words words words words words words words words words words words words words words word words words words words words words words words words words words words words words word words words words words words words words words words words words words words words wor words words words words words words words words words words words words words words w Vocabulary m n RAJU “Words are one of our chief means of adjusting to all the situations of life.” - Bergen Evans

Slide 2:

m n RAJU Name Game Think of an adjective beginning with the first letter of your name to describe yourself. Introduce yourself to others using that adjective. (e.g., I am Raju . I am rational.) Remember the adjectives others use to describe themselves. Introduce two or three others to class.

Slide 3:

m n RAJU What do you think you will learn today? ?

You will learn . . .:

You will learn . . . What is a word? Why learn more words? How many words does one need? Which words to learn? What does ‘knowing a word’ mean? Vocabulary learning strategies Games/Activities/Tips to learn words Technical words m n RAJU

What is a word?:

What is a word? “A unit of language, consisting of one or more spoken sounds or their written representation, that functions as a principal carrier of meaning.” one or more morphemes/phonemes smallest unit for independent use separated by spaces in writing distinguished phonologically m n RAJU

Why learn more words?:

Why learn more words? Words help us meet our needs Words are building blocks to thought Words are means to understand ideas Words are tools to communicate effectively Words are milestones to human knowledge m n RAJU “The more words you know, the more clearly and powerfully you will think and the more ideas you will invite into your mind.” - Wilfred Funk

How many words do we need?:

How many words do we need? Lexemic frequency dictionaries 80% of occurrences by only 20% of words 1,000 words for a basic conversation 2,000 words to survive through the day 8,000 words to converse with a European 15,000 word families for university studies m n RAJU

Which words to learn?:

Which words to learn? m n RAJU

NIE words:

NIE words New vs Known Important vs Not-so-important Expressive vs Receptive Expressive Vocabulary can recall & use in speech & writing Receptive Vocabulary can only recognize & comprehend while reading & listening m n RAJU

Knowing a Word means . . . :

Knowing a Word means . . . m n RAJU

Spelling:

Spelling Spell these words right? anamolous , asbestas , boyancy , celcius , dessicant , equalibrium , farenheat , ossilation , pregnency , saizmic , viscoscity , mathmatics , umblical card, sacreligious m n RAJU anomalous, asbestos, buoyancy, Celsius, desiccant, equilibrium, Fahrenheit, oscillation, pregnancy, seismic, viscosity, mathematics, umbilical cord, sacrilegious

Pronunciation:

Pronunciation Say these words right? adhesion, clothes, language, development, espresso, forte, parentheses, suite, vehicle, knowledge engineer, jewelry, asterisk, routine, adjective, genuine m n RAJU / ædhiʒən /, / kloʊðz /, / læŋgwɪdʒ /, / dɪvɛləpmənt /, / ɛsprɛsoʊ /, / fɔrteɪ /, / pərɛn θ əsɪz /, / swit /, / viɪkəl /, / nɒlɪdʒ /, / ɛndʒənɪər /, / dʒuəlri /, / æstərɪsk /, / rutin /, / ædʒɪktɪv /, / dʒɛnyuɪn /

Grammar:

Grammar Identify the action verbs in this passage? My cell phone rang almost immediately after I walked into the class and started the lesson. I had forgotten to switch it off. Let me silence it now. Will you also please put your phones in silent mode? m n RAJU rang, walked, started, had forgotten , switch off, silence, will put

Collocation:

Collocation Which words go with which verb? things, sure, difference, nothing, sense, decision, mistakes, well, homework, job, something, money, whatever, judgments, gardening, work, mistake, copies, effort, anything m n RAJU Make Do sure a difference sense a decision mistakes money judgments mistake copies effort things nothing well homework a job something whatever gardening work anything Make Do

Synonyms & Antonyms:

Synonyms & Antonyms Write S for Synonyms; A for Antonyms & U for Unrelated: m n RAJU 1 abridge - curtail 2 satiated - reverse 3 surfeit - paucity 4 clemency - mercy 5 tacit - explicit 6 zenith - rain 7 archive - predict 8 random - hungry 9 ennui - boredom 10 fuse - mingle 11 random - precise 12 finite - limited 1- S; 2 – U; 3 – A; 4 – S; 5 – A; 6 – U; 7 – U; 8 – U; 9 – S; 10 – S; 11 - U; 12 - S

Homophones:

Homophones Find homopones for each of these words: m n RAJU Allowed Birth Ceiling Dear Earn Four Grown Heard Idle guest Know Loan Mail Nose One Peace Quarts Red Steel Tale Veil Waste What Yolk Aloud, berth, sealing, deer, urn, fore, groan, herd, idol, guessed, no, lone, male, knows, won, piece, quartz, read, steal, tail, vale, waist, watt, yoke

Homonyms:

Homonyms Distinguish the following pairs of words: m n RAJU Affect - Effect Desert - Dessert Elicit - Illicit Farther – Further Hoard – Horde Its – It’s Industrial -Industrious Loose - Lose Rise – Raise Sensitive - Sensible Tortuous - Torturous Waver - Waiver

How to teach words?:

How to teach words? Definition Translation Examples Context Meaning Relation m n RAJU Mime Pictures Realia Pictogram

How to teach words?:

How to teach words? Teach students classroom English: “What’s the word for ___ in English?” “How do you say____?” “What does ____ mean?” “It’s a kind of _____ .” “It’s like a _____ .” m n RAJU

Pictograms & Word Pictures:

Pictograms & Word Pictures m n RAJU

How to learn words?:

How to learn words? Discovery Strategies Increased exposure to English Intentional/incidental learning Guess from contextual clues Use the dictionary/thesaurus Ask someone m n RAJU

Contextual Clues:

Contextual Clues Rather than be involved in clandestine meetings, they did everything quite openly. The girl who used to be very vociferous doesn't talk much anymore. Pedagogical institutions, including high schools, kindergartens, and colleges, require community support to function efficiently. He was so parsimonious that he refused to give his own sons the few pennies they needed to buy pencils for school. It truly hurt him to part with his money. m n RAJU

Use a Thesaurus:

Use a Thesaurus m n RAJU Two trucks loaded with thousands of copies of Roget's Thesaurus collided as they left a New York publishing house last Thursday, according to the Associated Press. Witnesses were aghast, amazed, astonished, astounded, bemused, benumbed, bewildered, confounded, confused, dazed, dazzled, disconcerted, disoriented, dumbstruck, electrified, flabbergasted, horrified, immobilized, incredulous, nonplussed, overwhelmed, paralyzed, perplexed, scared, shocked, startled, stunned, stupified, surprised, taken aback, traumatized, upset. . . .

How to learn words?:

How to learn words? Memory Strategies Use imagery Use meaning relations Use word parts Paraphrase Create meaningful sentences Link to personal experience Mnemonics m n RAJU

Mnemonics:

Mnemonics The manners of articulation: S top F ooling A round N ow, L earn G ood V oicing Stop, Fricative, Affricate, Nasal, Liquid, Glide, Vowel Argument or arguement? Argument loses an ‘e’. Color Combinations B etter G et R eady W hen Y our M istress C omes B ack Primary colors - Blue, Green, Red = White Secondary colors - Yellow, Magenta, Cyan = Black Planets in order of distance from sun M y v ery e asy m ethod: j ust s et u p n ine p lanets. m n RAJU

How to learn words?:

How to learn words? Cognitive Strategies Written repetition Spoken repetition Post-it note labels Word lists Vocabulary notebooks m n RAJU

Word Lists:

Word Lists Nine Swap Cell Ring Lust Plugs Lamp Apple Table Sway Army Bank Fire Hold Worm Clock Horse Color Baby Sword Desk Hold Find Bird Rock m n RAJU Remember as many as you can

Word Lists:

Word Lists m n RAJU Remember as many as you can Horse Cat Dog Fish Bird Orange Yellow Blue Green Black Table Chair Desk Stool Bed In Out With On Of Apple Melon Banana Grape Mango Why do you remember more words from the second list? How is this memory test useful to you in the class?

Root Words:

Root Words m n RAJU Match the root words on the left with their meanings: Root Meaning anthrop year bell short arthro color chrom war vit believe cred joint brev life ann human http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_and_Latin_roots_in_English

How to learn words?:

How to learn words? Metacognitive Strategies Conscious effort Test yourself Practise with peers Review repeatedly Devote specific time Set learning goals m n RAJU

Vocabulary Games - Crossword:

Vocabulary Games - Crossword m n RAJU

Vocabulary Games - Anagrams:

Vocabulary Games - Anagrams m n RAJU dynamo trdice charm adegnr Unscramble these words: rdecaa rusiv yribna hammcnsei

Slide 33:

m n RAJU Send your comments to lionnagaraju@in.com This slideshow is available at www.slideshare.net/lionnagaraju www.authorstream.com/tag/lionnagaraju Thank you