Subject and Verb Agreement

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Subject and Verb Agreement:

Subject and Verb Agreement Sky’s the limit– Lindsay Franchezca

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1.  Subjects and  verbs  must agree in number. Ex. The  dog  growls  when he is angry. The  dogs  growl  when they are angry. If the subject is singular, the verb is singular (s-form) If the subject is plural, the verb is plural (base form)

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2.  Verb agrees with the subject and not with the predicate words (intervening words) Ex. The  dog , who is chewing on my jeans,  is  usually very good.

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3. Prepositional phrases  between the subject and verb usually do not affect agreement. Ex. The  colors  of th3 rainbow  are  beautiful.

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4. When sentences start with “there” or “here,” the subject will always be placed after the verb Ex. There  is   a problem with the balance sheet. Here  are   the papers you requested.

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5. Subjects don't always come before verbs in questions . Make sure you accurately identify the subject before deciding on the proper verb form to use. Ex. Does  a horse  usually  eat  grass? Where  are  the  pieces  of this puzzle * Verbs are in its base form in questions starting with did, do, does .

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6. If two subjects are joined by  and , they typically require a plural verb form. Ex. The cow and the pig   are jumping   over the moon.

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7. The verb is singular if the two subjects separated by  and  refer to the same person or thing. Ex. My mom and mentor   is  my encourager when there are problems *Separated with and but regarded as a unit or as pair Ex. Bread and butter is my favorite.

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8. If one of the words  each, every, or no  comes before the subject, the verb is singular. *Everybody, everyone, no one, none, one (Singular indefinitepronouns ) Ex. No  smoking or drinking   is  allowed. Every   man and woman   is  required to check in.

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9. If the subjects are connected by the words  neither/nor , either/or ,  the verb agrees with the subject nearer to the verb . Either Jessica or the girls   are  to blame for the accident. Neither the teachers nor the principal is calling for the meeting.

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10. If the subjects are connected by the words  neither/nor , either/or ,  the verb agrees with the subject nearer to the verb . Either Jessica or the girls   are  to blame for the accident. Neither the teachers nor the principal is calling for the meeting.

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11. When noun and pronoun subjects like some, half, none, more, all, etc. are followed by a prepositional phrase, the object  of the preposition determines the form of the verb. All of the  chicken  is gone. All of the  chickens  are gone.

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12. Subjects in fraction or measurement get a singular verb. Ex. One half of the apple is taken by your sister. Four  quarts of oil   was  required to get the car running. *If the object of preposition is plural, the verb also becomes plural. One half of the apples are taken by your sister.

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13. When the subject preceded by pronouns such as few, many, several, both, all, some, the verb is plural Ex. Few   were  left alive after the flood.

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14. If two infinitives are separated by  and  they take the plural form of the verb. Ex. To walk and to chew gum   require  great skill.

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15. If two infinitives are separated by  and  they take the plural form of the verb. Ex. To walk and to chew gum   require  great skill.

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16. When gerunds are used as the subject of a sentence they take the singular verb form of the verb, but when they are linked by  and  they take the plural form. Ex. Standing  in the water  was  a bad idea. Swimming  in the ocean and  playing drums   are  my hobbies.

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17. Verb agrees with the positive subject and not with the negative. Ex. It is Erika who is to blame and not the kids. It is the kids who are to blame and not Erika.

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18. Collective nouns like herd, senate, class, crowd, etc. usually take a singular verb form. Ex. The  herd  is stampeding. We use the plural verb when the collective noun acts individually. The audience are now on their seats.

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19. Titles of books, movies, novels, etc. are treated as singular and take a singular verb. Ex. The Burbs   is  a movie starring Tom Hanks. If separated by and … The Burbs   and Castaway are  a movies starring Tom Hanks.

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20. Final Rule – Remember, only the subject affects the verb!

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