Verb Tenses with Timelines

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Verb Tenses with Timelines and Aspect System for G12 students

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English Verb Tense Review ~ with Tenses Timelines~ :

English Verb Tense Review ~ with Tenses Timelines~ For Grades 7, 11 & 12

Simple Present Tense:

Simple Present Tense Otherwise known as the Timeless Present

Simple Present Tense is used::

Simple Present Tense is used: When you are referring to habitual actions--actions that you always or never do When you are referring to unchanging truths When you are making general statements of fact

Examples:

simple present tense Examples (habit) He always comes late to class. (unchanging truth) The sun rises in the east. (general statement of fact) They are friendly.

Indicators:

simple present tense Indicators

Form:

simple present tense Form

Diagram--time on a line:

simple present tense Diagram--time on a line Past Future X X X X X X X X X X NOW

Simple Past Tense:

Simple Past Tense

The Simple Past Tense is Used::

The Simple Past Tense is Used: When an activity or situation began and ended at a particular time in the past--in other words, when an activity or situation is completed in the past To refer to past habits

Examples:

Simple Past Tense Examples (Completed action in the past) He was late to class yesterday. (Completed action in the past) We arrived three weeks ago. (Past habit) She always wrote a letter to her mother on Sunday night.

Indicators:

Simple Past Tense Indicators

Form:

Simple Past Tense Form

Diagram--time on a line:

Simple Past Tense Diagram--time on a line Past Future NOW X

The Present Perfect:

The Present Perfect A tense very commonly used in English to refer to the past!

The Present Perfect is Used::

The Present Perfect is Used: When an activity happened at an unspecified time in the past (before the present) When an activity has been repeated several times before now When an activity was very recently completed before now When an activity is not completed in the past

Examples:

Present Perfect Tense Examples (unspecified time before now) They have already seen that movie. (repeated activity before now) We have visited New York City many times. (an action has recently been completed before now) I have just eaten. (action not completed in the past) I have studied Spanish for many years.

Indicators:

Present Perfect Tense Indicators

Form 1 have or has + past participle:

Present Perfect Tense Form 1 have or has + past participle

Form 2:

Present Perfect Tense Form 2

Diagram 1--time on a line:

Present Perfect Tense Diagram 1--time on a line Past Future NOW X ?

Diagram 2--time on a line:

Present Perfect Tense Diagram 2--time on a line Past Future NOW X X X X X

The Present Progressive Tense:

The Present Progressive Tense Sometimes called the Present Continuous Tense

The Present Progressive Tense is Used::

The Present Progressive Tense is Used: When an activity is in progress now at the moment of speaking When an activity began before now and continues into the future without stopping. When an activity is temporary. When an activity is developing and changing.

Examples:

Present Progressive Tense Examples I’m explaining something to the class right now. He’s taking 16 credits this semester. She is understanding English more and more because she moved into the dorm.

Indicators:

Present Progressive Tense Indicators

Form:

Present Progressive Tense Form

Diagram--time on a line:

Present Progressive Tense Diagram--time on a line Past Future NOW

Future Tense:

Future Tense The Future Tense is Used: To indicate that an activity or event will take place at a time in the future

Examples:

Future Examples When I’m retired, I’m going to travel. Next week, we will work on punctuation. He is going to get his car fixed tomorrow. Our plane departs at noon next Friday.

Indicators:

Future Indicators

Form 1:

Future Form 1

Form 2:

Future Form 2

Form 3:

Future Tense Form 3

Diagram--Time on a Line:

Future Diagram--Time on a Line Past Future NOW X

Other English Verb Tenses:

Other English Verb Tenses These tenses are combinations of the tenses we have just reviewed

Past Perfect:

Past Perfect This tense is not used a lot. It can often be used interchangeably with the simple past because these tenses do not differ much in meaning. The past perfect tense refers to activities that happened before a specific time in the past. Example, He had visited her many times before she died. Form: had + past participle

Past Progressive:

Past Progressive This tense is used to refer to activities continuously in progress around a time in the past. Example: They were eating when the taxi arrived. Form: was or were + verb ing

Past Perfect Progressive:

Past Perfect Progressive This tense is used when an activity was continuously in progress before a specific time in the past. Example: I had been thinking about her before she called. Form: had + been + verb ing

Present Perfect Progressive:

Present Perfect Progressive This tense is used to describe actions that have been continuously in progress before now. These actions are not completed. Example: I have been waiting here for the last two hours. Form: have or has + been + verb ing

Future Perfect:

Future Perfect The future perfect expresses the idea that an activity will occur before some future time. Example: She will have finished dinner before the game starts. Form: will + have + past participle

Future Progressive Tense:

Future Progressive Tense This tense is used to refer to activities that will be continuously in progress around some future time. Example: We will be flying over New York at noon tomorrow. Form: will + be + verb ing

Future Perfect Progressive:

Future Perfect Progressive This tense is used to refer to activities that will be continuously in progress before a future time. Example: He will have been working for 3 hours before you arrive. Form: will + have + been + verb ing

Overview of the English Verb Tense/Aspect System :

Overview of the English Verb Tense/Aspect System Simple Perfect (HAVE + verb+en ) Progressive (BE + verb+ing ) Perfect Progressive (HAVE + BEEN + verb+ing ) Present * * * Past * Future *

Attention : Grades 11 / 12 :

Attention : Grades 11 / 12 Final Deadline for proofreading of first 3 chapters of your thesis will be on April 23, 2014. Submission of first 3 chapters will be on April 25,2014. ( printed off ) Submission of whole thesis is on with final bibliography on May 12, 2014. Your Final Defense will be on May 19, 2014. * Lindsay Franchezca*

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