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Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript Ancient Greek Science and Mathematics: Ancient Greek Science and Mathematics Libby HuangPhysic: Physic Accomplishments Highly advanced physics and theories On matter, motion, and force Gravity Democritus: Democritus 460-370 BC Founder to atomic physic-atomic theories Ancestor of ChemistryAristotle of Stagira: Aristotle of Stagira 384-322 BC Most important and methodical Founder and pioneer of many fieldsAristotle cont: Aristotle cont Wrong Basic elements Earth = center Gravity Galileo’s experiment on gravity-prove Aristotle wrongAstronomy: Astronomy Accomplishments Motions of earth and the general ideas of universe Astronomy calculationsAristarchus of Samos: Aristarchus of Samos 320-250 BC Copernicus of antiquity Chief exponent of Heliocentric systemAristarchus cont.: Aristarchus cont. Aristarchus’ calculation: distance to moon and sunAutolycus of Pitane: Autolycus of Pitane Fl. 300 BC Wrote the oldest known treatises on astronomy Mathematical astronomyEngineering: Engineering Accomplishments Highly developed instruments General, daily life mechanics Weaponry Philo of Byzantium: Philo of Byzantium 260-180 BC Greatest Alexandrian engineer Embraced almost every aspect of engineering and mechanicsPhilo cont.: Philo cont. Philo’s experiments on pneumaticsHero of Alexandria: Hero of Alexandria 1st century BC Founder of Higher Technical School of Alexandria-Polytechnic “Encyclopaedist”Hero cont.: Hero cont. Mechanical “fountain” Hero’s formula Aeolipile An imitated model of Hero’s aeolipileGeography: Geography Accomplishments Mapping Geographic calculations Forms and dimensions of earth, Biogeography theories to solve geographic problemsAnaximander of Miletus: Anaximander of Miletus 610-543 BC Founder of scientific geography First to draw a complete mapColaeus of Samos: Colaeus of Samos 7th century BC First Greek to sail to Atlantic Ocean “Earth is round”Mathematics: Mathematics Accomplishments Geometry Number theories Mathematic analysisPythagoras: Pythagoras 580-490 BC Pythagorean Theorem First to use the word “Mathematic”Pythagoras cont.: Pythagoras cont. One of the prove for Pythagorean theorem Extension of Pythagorean theoremEuclid: Euclid 330-270 BC Famous work “Elements of Geometry”Euclid cont.: Euclid cont. A copy of the “Elements” published in 9th century. Prove for Pythagorean Theorem in the middleArchimedes of Syracuse: Archimedes of Syracuse 287-212 BC The greatest Mathematician till Newton Genesis of Engineer in Ancient Greece Resolutions to many famous problemsArchimedes cont.: Archimedes cont. Archimedes in bath when he suddenly came out with the method to test the true identity of the crown Archimedes claimed he can pick up earth using leversZosimus of Panopolis-Chemist: Zosimus of Panopolis -Chemist Early 4th century AD First to separate physic and chemistry First to use the word “chemistry”Dioscorides Pedanius-Pharmacologist: Dioscorides Pedanius -Pharmacologist 40-90 AD Founder of Pharmaceutical science Father of PharmacologyDioscorides cont.: Dioscorides cont. A copy of Dioscorides’ book on PharmacologyEffects on Ancient Greece: Effects on Ancient Greece Economy, trading Military technology More advanced and civilized Scientific contributions Core of western science and mathEconomy, trading: Economy, trading Open up more trading opportunities More exchanges with other nations Southwest Europe North Africa Black Sea areaMilitary strength: Military strength Advanced weaponry and machines Alexander the Great Advanced in knowledge: Advanced in knowledge More “civilized” Curiosity Make Greek society more of a society of reality rather than of religionScientific contributions: Scientific contributions Great contributions Massive heritage for future generations Established the foundations The core of western science and math You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.