Ancient Egypt

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By: mgilchrist (141 month(s) ago)

hey libby!!! good work! ha.

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Ancient Egypt: 

Ancient Egypt Libby Huang

Economics: 

Economics Origin People with farming and herding skills moving into Egypt when Sahara and Middle East dried out during 3500BCE.

Slide3: 

Ways to farm Use hands to dig holes and plant 3000BCE invented animal-drawn plow, farming became much easier.

Slide4: 

Food supply Wheat-bread, major meal Barley-beer-important in Egypt Dates-dessert Meat Wheat

Slide5: 

Dates Barley

Slide6: 

Internal trade People became different experts Trade with each other within the village to get the food or goods one cannot produce

Slide7: 

Roles of men and women Both work on the field Men cut grain Women picked and tied them up

Military: 

Military Leaders The pharaoh is always the highest leader Other leaders were first trained as scribes so they can read the orders properly Egyptian helmet

Slide9: 

Military technology Keep evolving from Archaic to New Kingdom From clubs to armors and chariots The most important change throughout Egypt history

Slide10: 

Pre-dynastic flint knife Throwing sticks Arrowhead Dagger

Slide11: 

Composition of soldiers Mostly are professional soldiers Most soldiers were regarded as highly as Nobles Some were hired from other country Two Hittite spies beaten up by Egyptian soldiers

Slide12: 

Egyptian soldier wood model 2040-1780BCE. Painted red hired Nubian soldier wood model 2040-1780BCE. Painted black

Slide13: 

The most notable The composite bowmen They were even remembered by the Romans The bow came from Middle East Composite Bow

Slide14: 

Military strength Were not super strong Became war machines during New Kingdom Empire stretch to Euphrates river Ahmose I defeating the Hyksos and starts the New Kingdom

Government: 

Government Characteristics Monarchy Revolved around the pharaoh Theocracy

Slide16: 

Taxation Most of the taxes were dealing with goods and labors Scribe who assessed taxes

Slide17: 

Changes The ways the government works were quite consistent Has large changes only during invasions or rebellions. A painting discovered during Napoleon’s invasion of Egypt

Law and Court: 

Law and Court Law system Pharaoh-always the head Vizier-often the judge Local councils Great Kenbet Local Kenbet Egyptian court Open court

Slide19: 

Laws No law codes survived Base on common senses View all people essentially equal State took on both prosecutor and judge during major cases

Slide20: 

Punishments Minor cases Fines, beating, exile Major cases Death penalty Could expend to their family

Slide21: 

Religion involvements During New Kingdom some decisions were made by asking deities yes or no question and they would answer through the actions of the priest

Writing: 

Writing Scribes Were first farmer after their training All kinds of jobs Writes in tombs Writes in temples In army In government

Slide23: 

Types of writing Hieroglyphs-the oldest Hieratic-cursive of Hieroglyphs Demotic-the most cursive

Slide24: 

Hieroglyphs Hieroglyphs(inscription)

Slide25: 

Hieratic

Slide26: 

Demotic

Slide27: 

Uses No dominate one Evolved into different and certain uses.

Religion: 

Religion Characteristics Polytheism Believe in afterlife and people will all be judged after all The journey to afterlife

Slide29: 

The weighing of hearts

Slide30: 

Priests Pharaoh are always the highest priest Other priests are considered a high and special level nobles

Slide31: 

Temples Believed to be the houses of the deities Buildings included many other parts other than the throne

Slide32: 

Religious involvements in other categories Ancient Egypt is a religious country Religion got involved in almost every category Akhenaten and Nefertiti being blessed by the Aten rays while holding their children

Art: 

Art Paintings

Slide34: 

Changes in content and style Daily lifehistorical Detailedsloppy Became mixed culture during invasions Egypt-Persian Egypt-Greek Egypt-Roman Coptic Islam Amarna painting

Slide35: 

Inscriptions Inscriptions in a temple

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A part of a noble’s house’s window

Slide37: 

Sculptures

Slide38: 

Pharaoh Mycerinus and his wife A sphinx statue

Architecture: 

Architecture Pyramids

Slide40: 

Temples

Technology: 

Technology General Make and use their own mud brick to build buildings Probably the first people to make yeast-rising bread House in general

Slide42: 

Nature observations Good ways of predict and measure how high the Nile flood would be Kept good records and good calendars Egyptian calendar

Slide43: 

Engineering Math Water moving-irrigations Building pyramids and temples

Slide44: 

Egyptian calculation

Slide45: 

Shadoof for Irrigation

Slide46: 

Pyramid Khufu

Slide47: 

Temple of Abu Simbel

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