ALCOHOL ABUSE Among Australian Teens : ALCOHOL ABUSE Among Australian Teens By: Dean & Lesley What is alcohol ? : What is alcohol ? According to Rural Assist Information Network (2010). Alcoholic drinks are the result of fermentation in which water and yeast act on the sugars of various types of grains, vegetables and fruits. Ethyl alcohol, the active ingredient in alcoholic drinks, is a drug that acts as a depressant.
A standard drink is usually measured by the amount of alcohol it contains
According to Wyn (2009), a standard drink consists of 12.5ml of alcohol Looks refreshing doesn’t it ? : Looks refreshing doesn’t it ? Who drinks ? : Who drinks ? Alcohol is the most widely used psychoactive, or mood-changing, recreational drug in Australia.
84% of the population aged 14 years and over had consumed at least 1 full serve of alcohol in the past 12 months.
9% of Australians drink alcohol on a daily basis.
Proportion of daily drinkers over the past 15 years has remained steady however weekly or less then weekly drinkers have fluctuated.
Professional athletes are more likely to drink to excessive levels in the off season and on holidays compared to general population.
In short mum’s, dad’s, uncles, aunt’s, athletes, career professionals, uni students almost everyone uses alcohol as it is a socially accepted drug. Slide 5: Over a third of 16-19 year olds and nearly half of 20-24 year olds drink at risky or high levels once or more a month. A few too many. : A few too many. What is the problem ??? : What is the problem ??? It is clear the Australia has a drinking problem
Excessive drinking among the young population has reached epidemic proportions
Culture plays a large role
Low educational awareness is also to blame
Glorifying alcohol use is witnessed daily in Australian media
What are we going to do about it ????????? Don’t fall asleep : Don’t fall asleep Group most at risk : Group most at risk Young people between the ages of 14-24 are most at risk due to targeted advertising promoting mixed alcoholic beverages which are usually higher than 1 standard drink.
Low socio economic neighbourhoods are at a higher risk as tobacco and alcohol are situated and promoted near young adult products such as confectionary, magazines and other related materials.
Paul M Dietze et al has found that non-professional elite sports people (university/college) level are at risk of higher/hazardous binge drinking compared to non-sport people of the same cohort. Suit up ! : Suit up ! 1 liners : 1 liners There’s too much blood in my alcohol system
They say alcohol kills slowly. So what? Who’s in a hurry?
I graduated with a 4.0.... Blood alcohol level. How drunk are you ? : How drunk are you ? Risk Factors..... : Risk Factors..... Results of heavy drinking:
Risky sexual behaviour
Lower birth weight
Physical disability: Injury through accident including motor vehicle accidents.
Usually heavy constant alcohol abuse is co morbid, meaning it is linked with psychological factors such as physical, emotional and sexual abuse Drink driving, it’s a crime. : Drink driving, it’s a crime. Risk Factors cont.... : Risk Factors cont.... Drowning
Suicide and self harm
Absence of affectionate relationships. According to Paul M Dietze at al men were 2 times more likely to drink at dangerous levels and take more risks compared to married same age peers.
Wide spread of sexually transmitted diseases such as herpes, Chlamydia, genital warts, HIV/AIDS. Risk factors cont... : Risk factors cont... Excessive drinking leads to cirrhosis of the liver
It has been found that the relationship between age at first alcohol use and risk of developing alcohol dependency is a linear trend Teens drinking up... : Teens drinking up... Think twice : Think twice Socio-cultural factors : Socio-cultural factors Raul Caetano, M.D., Ph. D, et al. found that ethnic minorities are underrepresented in alcohol research
However, there is evidence to show that there is differing alcohol use among ethnic sub-groups Preventative measures : Preventative measures The idea of prevention and early intervention has become a significant policy approach and these terms have come to predominate in almost all areas of young people’s health (Wyn, 2009)
Community strengthening programs aim to increase awareness, wellbeing and economic prosperity among young people Positive reinforcement : Positive reinforcement Preventative measures cont... : Preventative measures cont... Pubs and nightclubs have implemented guidelines to reduce the risk of harm while participating in alcohol consumption such implementations include:
No shots after midnight
Low and non-alcoholic beverages on offer
No service of alcohol half an hour prior to closing Think, Don’t drink : Think, Don’t drink Preventative measures cont... : Preventative measures cont... Education awareness through Responsible Service of Alcohol programs
Increase in security staff
Food availability on premises
Lockouts and early closing times Community strengthening : Community strengthening