Slide 2: Introduction Still in Hongkong, June 1892 : Still in Hongkong, June 1892 RIZAL (writing): to the The decision I’m going to make is a risky one. But I thought about it well. (going back Philippines) Arrival in Manila, noon of June 26, 1892 With his sister
( LUCIA, wife of the late Mariano Herbosa-denied christian burial because of the connection with Rizal ) Slide 4: Meticulous Diarist Date of Arrival ( June 26, 1892), Sunday, At 12 noon
Met by Carabineers headed by a Major
With One captain and one sergeant of Veteran Civil Guard
Inspected at the customhouse –
In the Basa home, among other waste papers, and for that use, she had gathered up five copies of a recent “proclamation,” entitled “Pobres Frailes” (Poor Friars), a small sheet possibly two inches wide and five long. These, crumpled up, were tucked into the case of the pillow which Mrs. Hervosa used on board. Later, rolled up in her blankets and bed mat, or petate, they went to the custom house along with the other baggage, and of course were discovered in the rigorous examination which the officers always made.
How strict Philippine customs searches were, Henry Norman, an English writer of travels, explains Page 183by remarking that Manila was the only port where he had ever had his pockets picked officially
Hotel de Oriente, room no. 22, Facing the church of Binondo Slide 5: 4:00 pm- Malacanang Palace to see the Spanish Governor General
General EULOGIO DESPUJOL Y DUSAY, Conde de Caspe (failed)
7pm, finally he was able to confer with the Governor- agreed to pardon his father only
Told to be back on Wednesday, June 29 Appointments after his arrival After his brief interview with the Governor, he visited his two sisters: Visiting Friends in Central Luzon : Visiting Friends in Central Luzon 6:00 pm, JUNE 27 following day after his visit to his sisters, he boarded a train in Tutuban station
Visited his friends to greet them personally and discuss some issues : (good patriots and supporters of REFORM CRUSADE) from:
San Fernando, Pampanga
5:00 pm,JUNE 28, went back to Manila Tutuban Station ( Phil. Nat’l Railway) He was shadowed by Government spies
The homes that were visited were raided by Guardia Civil which seized some copies of : NOLI, EL FILI and some “ SUBVERSIVE” PAMPHLETS. Other Interviews with Despujol : Other Interviews with Despujol Interviews were vividly recorded in his Diary:
Wednesday, June 29,7:30-9:15,feast of St. Peter and St. Paul, gave him hope about his sisters
Thursday, June 30,7:30- talked about the question of Borneo, General opposed it very much
Sunday, July 3-taleked about sundry things and thanked the General for having lifted the case of his sisters. He was asked if he wanted to go in Hongkong.. He should be back on the coming Wednesday if he says yes. Case secretly filed to Rizal Founding of La liga Filipina : Founding of La liga Filipina “ The Philippine League”
Sunday, July 3, 1892
Meeting of the patriots at the home of the Chinese-filipino Mestizo – DOROTEO ONGJUNCO
Present patriots- Panday Pirra, Felipe leal, Socorro, and others...
Rizal explained the objectives of the La liga filipina, a civic league of Filipinos. Which he desired to establish and its role in socio economic life of the people.
Patriots were favorably impressed and gladly approved the establishment of the Liga. New elected officers: : New elected officers: President: Ambrosio Salvador
Secretary: Deodato Arellano
Treasurer: Bonifacio Arevalo
Fiscal: Agustin de la Rosa Slide 10: Aims: To unite the whole archipelago into one compact and homogenous body.
Mutual protection in every want and necessity.
Defense against all violence and injustice.
Encouragement of education, agriculture and commerce.
Study and application of reforms. Motto: Unus Instar Omnium (one like all) Governing Body- Supreme council -which over the whole country had jurisdiction Provincial Council- every province Popular council- every townEvery member pays- entrance fee of two pesosMonthly due- 10 centavos : Governing Body- Supreme council -which over the whole country had jurisdiction Provincial Council- every province Popular council- every townEvery member pays- entrance fee of two pesosMonthly due- 10 centavos Duties of the members: : Duties of the members: Help recruiting new member
Obey the rules of the Supreme Council
To keep in strictest secrecy the decisions of the Liga authorities
To have symbolic name which he cannot change until he becomes resident of his council.
Report to the fiscal anything that he may hear which affects the la liga
To behave well as befits a good Filipino
To help fellow members in all ways Rizal Arrested and Jailed in Fort Santiago : Rizal Arrested and Jailed in Fort Santiago Wednesday, July 6- Back to Malacanang Palace to resume series of interviews with Despujol
Lucia’s pillow cases
Pobres Frailes ( poor friars) authorship by Fr. Jacinto
Despite his denial and insistent demand for investigation in accordance with the due process of law, he was placed under arrest and escorted to Fort Santiago By Ramon Despujol nephew of Gov. Gen.
Fort santiago-he was kept incomunicado
Gaceta de Manila Arbitrary Deportation To Dapitan : Arbitrary Deportation To Dapitan Dapitan, ZAMBOANGA, Mindanao
Reasons for Rizal’s Deportation:
Rizal had published subversive books and articles
Pobres frailes in Lucia’s pillow cases
El filibusterismo was dedicated to the memory of three traitors..vices...admin...
The end which pursues in his efforts and writings..... Slide 15: July 15 after Midnight of July 14,1892..
Steamer Cebu-sailing for Dapitan
July 15, sailing south, passing Mindoro and Panay
July 17, 7pm, reaching Dapitan.
Captain Ricardo Carnicero, spanish commandant of Dapitan, last until July 31, 1896..4 years.