Mini-cultural Presentation: Calligraphy

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Mini-cultural Presentation: Calligraphy

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Mini-Cultural Presentation - Calligraphy Li-chin (Crystal) Huang

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1. The Legendary Five Rulers: 2852 - 2205 B.C. 2. The Xia Dynasty: 2205 - 1766 B.C The Shang Dynasty: 1766 - 1122 B.C. The Zhou Dynasty: 1122 - 255 B.C. The Qin Dynasty: 255 - 209 B.C. The West Han Dynasty: 206 B.C. – 23 A.D. The East Han Dynasty: 25 - 220 A.D. 8. The Three Kingdoms: 221 – 265 A.D. 9. The Western Jing Dynasty: 265 - 313 A.D. 10. The Eastern Jing Dynasty: 317 - 419 A.D. The Epoch Northern & Southern Dynasties: 420 - 581 A.D. The Sui Dynasty: 589 - 618 A.D. Epoch of the Five Dynasties: 907 -1234 A.D. 14. The Sung Dynasty: 960 - 1126 A.D. 15. The Southern Sung Dynasty:1127-1278 A.D. 16. The Yuan Dynasty: 1206 - 1368 A.D. 17. The Ming Dynasty: 1368 - 1644 A.D. 18. The Qing Dynasty: 1644 - 1908 A.D. 19. The Republic: 1912 to now Summary of Chinese Dynasties

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Painting , calligraphy , poetry and seal are the 4 components of the so called “ High Art ” versus to the “ Popular Art ” and “ Western Art .” To a great traditional Chinese artist, mastering at least 3 (seal can be exceptional) of these disciplines are very important. It takes about 10-15 years to practice to master these art forms. A mature artist eventually will develop his/her own style, depending on his/her own efforts and talents, around 15-20 will reach that goal.

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Calligraphy is not mere handwriting. It must show originality, style, strength and personality. Writing may be neat and even ornate, but that does not necessary make it calligraphy. Development of calligraphy into an art form owes much to use of the Chinese brush and paper. The brush was invented before the 5 th century B.C. It is subtle and responsive. Lines and strokes can be make exactly as one intends. Quickly absorbent paper was invented in the early years of ht Christian ear. It does not distort the forms of the characters while drying. Furthermore, it defies correction. Unsatisfactory lines and strokes cannot be altered once they are on the paper. This is a commandment of the calligraphy art.

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The earliest examples of written Chinese are found on the “Oracle” bones used in ‘divination rites during the Shang dynasty (1500 b.c )

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The Chungshan Dictionary contains about 60,000 characters . The number of words needed for everyday living is about 3,000 , but a working vocabulary adequate for reading newspapers is 7,000 characters.

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The 6 classes of evolution/division of Chinese Characters The 1st stage - simple pictographs representing objects. The 2nd stage -a class of characters whose form indicates the meaning . The3rd stage - a class of characters the construction of which suggests the meanings, e.g. trust from people and speech. The 4th stage - characters , in which the radical gives the idea of the meaning and other part the sound. The 5th stage - characters which are used only for their sound . The 6th stage - characters which have more than one sound , the meaning of which also changes with the sound.

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The Main five styles of Chinese characters: The Seal style The Square/Clerical style The Running/Semi-Cursive style The Cursive/Grass style The Standard style

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The Seal style

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2. The Square/Clerical style

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3. The Running/Semi-Cursive style

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4. The Cursive/Grass style

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5. The Standard style Lio’s style Yen’s style

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The famous painter, calligrapher, poet and writer - Zheng Bang-qiao

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Thank You!

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