U 2 and 3 Summer 2015 RLC

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Bienvenidos Unidad 2 y 3 RLC c on Señora Epting

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¡No te olvidas ! Don’t forget!

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Talking about specific times of day You can’t use a.m. and p.m. in Spanish de la mañana – morning de la tarde – afternoon de la noche – night use “ cuarto ” for “quarter past” when telling time use “media” for the half hour when telling time ** a la for anything 1:00-1:59 ** a las for anything 2:00 – 12:59 Yo tengo la clase de inglés a las ocho de la mañana . Yo tengo la clase de histora a la una y diez de la tarde . Yo tengo la clase de matemáticas a las tres y cuarto de la tarde . (3:15). Yo tengo la clase de coro a las diez y media de la mañana (10:30).

Ordinal Numbers in Spanish:

Ordinal Numbers in Spanish

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Change the ending of the ordinal number if the noun that follows it is feminine.

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CONJUGATING VERBS The verb “to study” in Spanish is Estudiar Simply leaving the verb like this…… estudiar …..is called the infinitive form. That’s a fancy way of saying you haven’t done anything to it yet. You can’t walk around saying “I to study” or “We to study.” It doesn’t make sense! We have to conjugate it. But first we need review the subject pronouns…

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Do you remember what the subject pronouns are? We don’t use “ vosotros ” in this course. Vosotros is like saying “ y a’ll ” and it is used primarily in Spain. Since our course is centered around the Central American country of Costa Rica, you will never use vosotros in your responses. friend adult If you don’t know the subject pronouns, how will you know who you are talking about? If the sentence says a girl’s name like Maria, that would be “ ella ” (she) If the sentence says a boy’s name like Jose, that would be “ él .” (he) If the sentence says “ yo y Jose,” that would be “ nosotros ” (we)

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A Few Differences In Spanish… In English, we say “they” for boys, girls, or a combination of both. Not in Spanish…. If you are talking about one boy use él If you are talking about one girl use ella If you are talking about more then one boy use ellos If you are talking about more than one girl use ellas If you have a group that is mixed use ellos é l with accent = he e l without accent = the (masculine)

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When you conjugate a verb, there are 3 things you need to ask yourself… Does the verb end in “ ar ,” “ er ,” or “ ir ?” What is the subject pronoun that the verb needs to match? ( yo , tú …) Is the verb a regular verb? **How will you know if it is regular? As you learn how different verbs are conjugated, you will see that some follow a simple pattern where as others follow a different pattern. The weird verbs are called “irregular.” Here is the regular verb chart. Copy it, put it next to your computer, MEMORIZE IT! We learn verbs that end in – ar in Unidad 2. We expand to verbs that end in – er and – ir in Unidad 3.

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Estudiar – to study We want to say “I study history in my history class.” Does the verb end in “ ar ,” “ er ,” or “ ir ?” ar What is the subject pronoun that the verb needs to match? ( yo , tú …) yo (I) Is the verb a regular verb ? Yes Take off the last two letters ( ar ) and replace with the ending that matches “ yo .” Yo estudio historia en mi clase de historia . We study math in math class. Nosotros estudiamos matemáticas en la clase de matemáticas .

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Leer = To Read Does the verb end in “ ar ,” “ er ,” or “ ir ?” er What is the subject pronoun that the verb needs to match? ( yo , tú …) Is the verb a regular verb? Yes Take off the last two letters ( er ) and replace with the ending that matches the pronoun. Roberto and Timothy read a book in English class. Roberto y Timothy leen un libro en la clase de inglés . I read some books at my school. Yo leo unos libros a mi escuela . u n = a (masculine) u na = a (feminine) u nos = some plural (masculine) u nas = some plural (feminine)

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Every verb you learn, write it in your notes and conjugate it. Make notecards or do other creative activities to practice conjugating the verbs The more you write them, the more they get in your head! Tener = To Have (irregular verb) What about this one? Hablar = To Speak (regular verb)

In English we only have one way to say the word “the.” In Spanish, we have four. These are the definite articles…:

In English we only have one way to say the word “the.” In Spanish, we have four. These are the definite articles… Remember how nouns are either masculine (el, los) or feminine (la, las ). As you learn new vocabulary, be sure to write the definite article that goes with it. For example la clase el lapiz el cuaderno el libro la computadora la silla la regla la mochila el reloj la ventana When the masculine word is plural, make the definite article plural like this el los When the feminine word is plural, make the definite article plural like this la las

In English we only have one way to say the word “a or an.” In Spanish, we have four. These are the indefinite articles…:

In English we only have one way to say the word “a or an.” In Spanish, we have four. These are the indefinite articles… Remember how nouns are either masculine ( un,unos ) or feminine ( una,unas ). As you learn new vocabulary, be sure to write the in definite article that goes with it. For example u na clase un lapiz un cuaderno un libro una computadora una silla una regla una mochila un reloj una ventana Never use the definite and indefinite article Together – that doesn’t make sense! El Un lapíz or La una computadora . PICK ONE!

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Making Nouns Plural Make the definite article plural too!

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Unidad 3 Irregular Verbs You Need To Know….Write These Down. Use ser for “is” or “are” to tell where you are from or physical description. I am from Raleigh. Soy de Raleigh. He is tall . Él es alto. We use “ ser ” for things that don’t change. Use estar for “is” or “are” to describe location or feelings. I am very happy. Yo estoy muy feliz . My house is in a big city. Mi casa está en una ciudad grande . We use “ estar ” for things that can change.

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Review Directional Words For Unidad 3 e ncima de – on top of/above e nfrente de – in front of a lado de - beside a la derecha – to the right a la izquierda – to the left

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Putting It All Together… El libro está en frente de la computadora . La maestra está a la izquierda de la estudiante . La casa está cerca del supermercado . de + el = del de + la = de la de + las = de las de + los = de los Be sure to use the verb Estar ( está ) when talking about location of something.

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Let’s look at some new describing words… v iejo = old n uevo = new b arato = cheap/inexpensive Everything Must Agree - What Does That Mean?

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You need to ask yourself these questions when creating sentences when you have describing words: Is the subject masculine or feminine? Is the subject singular or plural? Let’s say I want to create the sentence “The school is old.” The subject (school) is feminine (la escuela ) The subject (school) is singular (one school) The word for old is viejo . I am going to use the verb Ser . I need to change the end of the adjective “ viejo ” to “a” to match feminine school ( vieja ). I don’t need to add a letter “s” to the end because it is just one school. So my sentence would be: La escuela es vieja .

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More Practice La escuela es nueva . ( escuelas ) Las escuelas son nuevas . El lápiz es negro. ( lapices ) Los lapices son negros . El estudiante es viejo . ( estudiantes ) Los estudiantes son viejos . Un libro es rojo . ( libros ) Unos libros son rojos . Una pluma es azul . ( plumas ) Unas plumas son azules .

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Dormir – To Sleep Be sure you are writing down in your notes those verbs that are Irregular or don’t follow the regular conjugation rules we have learned.

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I n Unidad 3, you learn about rooms in your house, objects found in the rooms and what you might do in those rooms. There are three verbs you learn that are what we call reflexive verbs. Write them down in case you want to use them in your Unidad 3, Leccíon 3 Hablar (speaking) assignment. Bañarme (to bath yourself) Ducharme (to take a shower) Vestirme (to get dressed) In order to say “I….” with these verbs, move the “me” to the front and then conjugate it like this. Don’t put “ yo ” in the front. Me baño (I take a bath.) Me baño en el baño en mi casa (I take a bath in the bathroom in my house.) Me ducho (I take a shower.) Me ducho en el baño a mi casa. (I take a shower in the bathroom at my house) Me visto (I get dressed.) Me visto en mi dormitorio . (I get dressed in my bedroom.)

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Using the word “hay” to talk about things in each room… Hay una cómoda en mi dormitorio . Hay una lámpara en la sala . Hay una bañera en el baño . Hay una cama en el dormitorio . Hay una alfombra en la sala .

Be sure to answer your Actividad Cultural thoroughly and with details and examples…:

Be sure to answer your Actividad Cultural thoroughly and with details and examples… Don’t just say “I think the subjects covered were interesting.” Tell what you thought was interesting and why. Don’t just say “We have many things in common.” List several specific examples of what we have in common (or different). Don’t just say “I don’t have any experiences with people who are from Costa Rica.” Say why you think you would or would not like to visit this beautiful Central American country.

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