THE BOOK OF MICAH - INTRODUCTION

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Slide2:

…so what is a Prophet?

I Corinthians, chapter 14 verse 1:

I Corinthians, chapter 14 verse 1 Follow the way of love and eagerly desire spiritual gifts, especially the gift of prophecy.

Slide4:

The Prophets ISAIAH, JEREMIAH, LAMENTATIONS, EZEKIEL, DANIEL.

Slide5:

The Minor Prophets HOSEA, JOEL, AMOS, OBADIAH, JONAH, MICAH , NAHUM, HABAKKUK, ZEPHANIA, HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI.

Slide6:

Micah Micah’s name means “Who is like the Lord?” Micah was probably a full-time prophet for around 25 years between 735 and 710 B.C. He was a contemporary of Isaiah. Micah’s hometown was Moresheth, which is situated on the border of Judah and Philistia, about twenty five miles S.W. of Jerusalem.

Slide8:

Micah’s writing style Micah’s introductory statement (verse one) is in plain prose form. After that, the entire book is in a more poetic style – rhythmic and easy to remember for his contemporaries, but trickier to translate into other languages! Micah uses plenty of word-plays and word pictures in his writing style…

Slide9:

Micah’s writing style Examples from chapter one, verses 10 – 11 In Beth Ophra roll in the dust (House of dust) Pass on in nakedness and shame, you who live in Shaphir (Town of beauty) Those who live in Zaanan will not come out (Town of going out)

Slide10:

Micah’s writing style Instead of simply saying in Chapter 7 v 19, “ The Lord will remove our sins ”, Micah declares: “You will again have compassion on us; you will tread our sins underfoot and hurl all our iniquities into the depths of the sea”.

Slide11:

True or false prophets?

Micah, chapter 3 v 8:

Micah, chapter 3 v 8 But as for me, I am filled with power, With the Spirit of the Lord, And with justice and might, To declare to Jacob his transgression, to Israel his sin.

Micah, chapter 2 v 6 and 2 v 11:

Micah, chapter 2 v 6 and 2 v 11 “Do not prophesy”, their prophets say. “Do not prophesy about these things; disgrace will not overtake us”. If a liar and deceiver comes and says, “I will prophesy for you plenty of wine and beer,” it would be just the prophet for this people.

Jeremiah chapter 26 v 17 -19:

Jeremiah chapter 26 v 17 -19 Some of the elders of the land stepped forward and said to the entire assembly of people, “Micah of Moresheth prophesied in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah. He told all the people of Judah, “This is what the Lord Almighty says: Zion will be ploughed like a field, Jerusalem will become a heap of rubble, the temple hill a mound of overgrown thickets”.

Jeremiah chapter 26 v 17 -19:

Jeremiah chapter 26 v 17 -19 Did Hezekiah king of Judah or anyone else in Judah put him to death? Did not Hezekiah fear the Lord and seek his favour? And did not the Lord relent, so that he did not bring the disaster he pronounced against them?

Isaiah and Micah compared:

Isaiah and Micah compared Micah’s voice added to Isaiah’s so that their prophetic messages were similar, for extra emphasis. They both sometimes prophesied with wailing stripped of their outer garments, at times. They both prophesied remarkably accurately about Jesus’ birth, rule and death on the cross. See Isaiah, ch 7 v 14 and ch 53 and Micah, chapter 5, verse 2.

Micah, chapter 5 v 2.:

Micah, chapter 5 v 2. “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times”.

Judgement… and then Deliverance:

Judgement… and then Deliverance Judgement for sin will be punished by Israel’s enemies e.g. invasion of their land by the Assyrians, but deliverance will come to the remnant, from a promised Ruler, born in Bethlehem.

Micah chapter 5 v 4 -5 :

Micah chapter 5 v 4 -5 He will stand and shepherd his flock in the strength of the Lord, in the majesty of the name of the Lord our God. And they will live securely, for then his greatness will reach to the ends of the earth. And he will be their peace.

James, chapter 2 v 13:

James, chapter 2 v 13 ….Mercy triumphs over judgement.

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