Cellulitis

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Cellulitis is a non-contagious bacterial skin infection that affects the deeper layer of the skin along with subcutaneous tissues under the skin.

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Cellulitis :

Cellulitis

Cellulitis :

Cellulitis Cellulitis is a non-contagious  bacterial skin infection  that affects the deeper layer of the skin along with subcutaneous tissues under the skin. Bacteria present on the skin generally do not cause any harm. However, they can enter the deeper layer of skin through a cut or wound and cause infection. Cellulitis infection can occur anywhere in the body, but usually affects the lower legs. Cellulitis can be fatal if the bacterium enters the bloodstream or lymph nodes. This skin infection can affect people of all ages. Cellulitis results in the swelling, tenderness, and redness around the affected area. 

Causes of cellulitis :

Causes of cellulitis   The bacteria staphylococcus and streptococcus is responsible for the occurrence of cellulitis . These bacteria enter the skin through a wound, which may be caused to an injury, insect bite, or surgical incision. Sometimes, a break in the skin can also occur due to burns, grazes, ulcers, or other skin conditions such as  eczema  or  psoriasis . 

Risk factors for cellulitis:

Risk factors for cellulitis The risk of developing a cellulitis increase in people who have:  Diabetes Poor blood circulation HIV/AIDS Skin infection Weak immune system Cracks in the skin

Symptoms :

Symptoms Common symptoms of cellulitis are:  Shaking Chills Fatigue Fever Blister filled with pus Inflammation in the skin Excessive sweating Muscle aches Dizziness Lightheadedness Swollen lymph nodes

Diagnosis of cellulitis  :

Diagnosis of cellulitis   A   dermatologist  will start the diagnosis of cellulitis by performing a physical exam and asking about your medical history. After this, he may take a sample of the affected tissue to observe it under the microscope. This will help him to identify the type of bacteria causing cellulitis . A  blood test  can also determine the presence of bacteria in the body.

Treatment :

Treatment The main objective behind the treatment of cellulitis is to stop the bacteria from reaching the bloodstream. A dermatologist will start the  treatment of cellulitis  by prescribing antibiotics. These antibiotics are effective in reducing the symptoms of cellulitis such as reddening of skin and inflammation. A patient may receive antibiotics orally or intravenously. Drink plenty of water to maintain the normal flow of blood in the body. A patient diagnosed with cellulitis should keep the affected area elevated in order to reduce swelling. 

Complications of cellulitis  :

Complications of cellulitis   If Cellulitis is left untreated, it may result in serious complications such as:  Spread of infection to other body parts Blood infection and sepsis Irregular heartbeat Low blood pressure Persistent swelling

Prevention of cellulitis:

Prevention of cellulitis Use moisturizer to prevent the skin from getting dry Use antibacterial soap for cleaning the wounds Keep the cuts clean, covered, and dry Maintain weight Avoid scratching of skin

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