TENSES

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revision of tenses

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TENSES:

TENSES PRESENT PAST FUTURE

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PRESENT FUTURE PAST Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous

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SIMPLE PRESENT I live in Gotham City I like Batgirl I protect people from criminals He protect s people He live s in Gotham City He like s Batgirl

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SIMPLE PRESENT I don´t protect criminals I don´t live in Punta Alta I definetely DON´T like Robin He doesn´t protect criminals. He doesn´t live in Punta Alta He LIKES Robin!! don´t

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SIMPLE PRESENT ? you steal DO he fly DOES ?

Uses of Present Simple:

Uses of Present Simple

Key words:

Key words Always Usually Frequently Sometimes Rarely Hardly ever Seldom Never In the morning, etc Every day Nowadays Examples: He frequently takes the dog for a walk. I have a shower in the morning. Verbs which do not take “ing” know, understand, believe, feel, think, remember, forget, want, need, prefer, mean, love, like, hate, have, hear, feel, see, smell, taste, seem, look, cost, owe

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PRESENT FUTURE PAST Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous

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PRESENT CONTINUOUS He is pointing at the ship. The ship is going to them. The woman is trying to swim. n´t n´t n´t He is point ing at something. The ship is go ing to the left. The woman is try ing to see.

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PRESENT CONTINUOUS ? anyone Is coming Is the ship sailing west? Are they sleeping?

Uses of Present Progressive:

Uses of Present Progressive

Key words:

Key words Now Right now At this moment This year, this term, etc. At the moment Today Examples: At this moment, we are reviewing tenses. Right now, Argentina is trying to get over some financial problems.

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PRESENT FUTURE PAST Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous

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SIMPLE PAST Regular Verbs Irregular Verbs RULE: verb + ed Who knows!!! (Sorry!)

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SIMPLE PAST Regular Verbs Dinosaurs liv ed millions of years ago. They walk ed on Earth as kings. They disappear ed 60 million years ago. A critical weather change kill ed them. A meteor chang ed the environment and they die d .

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SIMPLE PAST Irregular Verbs Brachiosaurus is ??? very slow. Brachiosaurus was very slow. It eated plants. It ate plants. They had small heads. They ran fast. They were herbivores. They could run.

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SIMPLE PAST ? ? he DID he found DID worked work find

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SIMPLE PAST He paint the Mona Lisa. ed No!!! He the ML. He travell to the Moon. ed didn´t paint No!!! He didn´t travel to the Moon.

Uses of Past Simple:

Uses of Past Simple Uses of Past Simple To speak about an event which started and finished at a definite moment of the past . You will probably mention WHEN it happened

Key words:

Key words Yesterday Last week, etc. On Monday, On Monday the 13th of May In June In 1999 Three years ago In the past Before the war Any exact moment of the past Examples: Colombus discovered America in 1492.

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PRESENT FUTURE PAST Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous

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PAST CONTINUOUS He was shaving. He is shaving now. He was sharpening a knife. Your teacher was jumping yesterday morning.

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PAST CONTINUOUS Was killing he ? No!!! He wasn´t killing the snake. He was saving it.

Uses of Past Progressive:

Uses of Past Progressive Uses of Past Progressive To speak about an action in progress at a specific moment of the past To show the context to another event .

Key words:

Key words When While Yesterday at 9, when you called, … Examples: Yesterda, while Mrs. Smith was cooking, Mr. Smith was watching TV! Sheila was reading a book and relaxing in the park when a thief came along and stole her purse!

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PRESENT FUTURE PAST Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous

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PRESENT PERFECT He has cook ed . He has work ed . He has finish ed . He has clean ed . He has cut his hair. He has put in salt. He has won a prize.

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PRESENT PERFECT ? bitten it Has The insect bitten the man. hasn´t

Uses of Present Perfect:

Uses of Present Perfect Uses of Present Perfect To speak about an event which happened in an indefinite moment of the past (NEVER SAY WHEN!!) To mention that something has just happened To show the consequence of a past event in the present , or that it is still true.

Key words:

Key words For (a period of time) Since (a moment of time) Already (ya) Just (recién) Yet (todavía) Lately Until now So far Never mention a specific moment of the past !! Examples: She has travelled a lot. (You don’t know when) She has just arrived from Congo. (Recent event) She has broken her leg. (She has a plaster)

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PRESENT FUTURE PAST Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous

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PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS He has been sleeping in the sun for 5 hours!!! The sun has been shining for hours. He has been lying in the sun for days. He has been wearing the same shorts for weeks!

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PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS ? been drinking he Has Certainly! Has she been listening to him? Unlikely.

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The same uses and key words of Present Perfect Simple, but you emphasize the duration .

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PRESENT FUTURE PAST Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous

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PAST PERFECT ( Before he died…) He had signed some papers. Reg. Verb: ed He had thought about suicide. Reg. Verb: 3rd. Column again!!! had signed had thought

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PAST PERFECT ? he Had worked No, he hadn´t worked in the movies.

Uses of Past Perfect:

Uses of Past Perfect Uses of Past Perfect To speak about an event which happened before another event in the past (había hecho) Only necessary to show the correct sequence of events in the past

Key words:

Key words Before that By the time he … Examples: Mr. Taylor could finally fall asleep because two hours before he had taken a sleeping pill. I had already eaten when they arrived.

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By the time the policeman caught him , he said …

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PRESENT FUTURE PAST Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous

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PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS (When he had the accident…) He had been riding his horse. She had been watching him. He had been taking classes.

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PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS ? he been cooking Had Yes, but… He hadn´t been cooking vegetables!!!

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The same uses and key words of Present Perfect Simple, but you emphasize the duration . For some time For a long time

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PRESENT FUTURE PAST Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous

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SIMPLE FUTURE You will have a beautiful wife You will work in Europe. Will I die old? You won´t live long. Err… Absolutely! You will be rich

Uses of Future Simple:

Uses of Future Simple Uses of Simple Future To predict events To take sudden decisions To offer help In Conditional I ( If you go , I’ll go )

Key words:

Key words In the future In 2015 Tomorrow The day after tomorrow Some time in the future By 2018 Conditional I (If I see him, I will tell him.) Examples: Global warming will cause the extinction of different species. They will get here on time.

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PRESENT FUTURE PAST Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous

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FUTURE OF INTENTION I am going to show you the stars! I am going to hit him!!! He is going to act as a human being.

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FUTURE OF INTENTION ? he Is going to cut more trees We hope not!! But probably… He isn´t going to stop cutting trees.

Uses of Future of Intention:

Uses of Future of Intention

Key words:

Key words The same as Future Simple Examples: I am going to buy a new LED TV. Next year, we are going to study the theory of relativity.

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The End Good luck with your tenses! Your teacher.

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